About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

Featured Christian Fiction VERMILION RIDDLE by Author Dana Li



“To enter Faerie’s blessed demesne four secrets must be found: the land unbound by time and space opens only to the one who knows the Light, the Song, and Mortal Gate.”

In the sheltered town of Carmel, women do not have a future outside of a good marriage. That future is threatened when Leah Edwards’ father gambles away the family’s livelihood and estate. She and her sisters must hurry to find husbands. Then August Fox, a Guardian from Cariath, comes to town and purchases a supposedly haunted manor. Charged to keep the peace between mortals and Faerie, the Guardians are the stuff of legend. After he stuns her with a marriage proposal, Leah reluctantly journeys to Cariath, discovering there is more to August and the legends than she guessed.

Nimrod and his Oath-breakers betrayed the Guardians, seeking to solve an ancient riddle that would unlock the Faerie realm. Not all his followers share his desire for conquest. Benedict Fox, his second-in-command, has different motives. But as he continues fulfilling Nimrod’s plan, Benedict hurtles towards a choice between saving his family and settling a personal vendetta.

For Leah, August, and their allies, it is a race against time to solve the ancient riddle before the Oath-breakers, and reunite the Guardians to save the mortal realm. The war is never really over, and this time, the battle lines cut through blood ties and brotherhood.

You can buy VERMILION RIDDLE at these links:

Paperback eBook

Join Dana, March 1, Tuesday, for her virtual Book Launch Party on Facebook at this link.

Finding Her Family’s Love with Author Kayla Kensignton

Available in Paperback, eBook, and Audiobook

Finding Her Family’s Love

Kay Kensington

Available in Pre-Release at this link.

Release Date – February 1, 2022

Pregnant, widowed, and alone, thirty-year-old Kendra McFarland yearns for family for herself and her unborn baby. She strives to put the pain of her emotionally abusive marriage behind her. With her strong faith and optimism leading her forward, she works to regain her self-confidence and open her heart to love.

Join Kayla for her Zoom Launch Party on February 1, 2022. You can find out more inlo at this link.

Top 10 Movies for Easter

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

Sunday is Palm Sunday and starts Holy Week. It’s a good time to pull out your Easter movies.

10. The Robe


Director: Henry Koster

Starring Richard Burton and Jean Simmons

This movie takes some liberties with the story, like the Romans crucifying Jesus without the Jews having anything to do with it and the disciples rescuing another Christian and having a good old fashion sword fight. Sometimes the discrepancies are laughable. That being said, it’s a great movie to watch and doesn’t change the essence of the Gospel. It’s also a touching love story. The line I remember most was when Richard Burton with his wide eyes glaring said. “Were you there?” It gave me the creeps.

9. Ben Hur


Director: William Wyler Starring Charlton Heston

Who can forget Charlton Heston in the chariot race?

8. The Visual Bible: The Gospel of John

2003 Director Phillip Saville

Starring Christopher Plummer and Henry Ian Cusick

It follows the words in the Bible. Good, but not as good as Matthew.

7. The Greatest Story Ever Told


Director: George Stevens Starring Max Von Sydow

Great movie about Christ’s life if you can get past the music every time Jesus appears.

6. Jesus of Nazareth

1977 Director: Franco Zeffirelli

Starring Robert Powell

This miniseries on the life of Jesus impacted me greatly even though Jesus looked a bit too Heavenly and his eyes were the wrong color.

5. The Visual Bible: The Gospel of Matthew


Director: Regardt Von Den Bergh

Starring Richard Kiley, Bruce Marchiano, and Gerrit Schoonhoven

This is my all time favorite portrayal of the person of Jesus.

4. Risen


Director: Kevin Reynolds

Starring Joseph Fiennes, Tom Felton, Peter Firth

This is a unique telling of the story of the resurrection of Christ through the eyes of a Roman soldier who is an unbeliever and sent to find Christ’s body.

3. Son of God

2014 Director: Christopher Spencer

Starring Dioga Morgada, Amber Rose Ravah, Sebastian Knapp

Read my review of this movie at this link.

2. Ben Hur


Director: Timur Bekmambetov

Starring Jack Huston, Toby Kebbell, Rodrigo Santoro

This is an awesome movie. I was surprised that it was so much better than the original even without Charlton Heston My favorite kind of Easter story is one where Jesus is not the main character, but the main character is forever changed because of His encounter with Jesus. This checks all those boxes.

1. The Passion of the Christ


Director: Mel Gibson

Starring James Caviezel

When I watch this movie, I feel like I’m watching the real event. It chokes me up every time. From the first moment of the film, I felt the anointing.

Life in 1920

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

Life in 1920

By Tamera Lynn Kraft

My Easter novella, Resurrection of Hope, is set in the couple of years immediately following World War I, 1919-1920. America had survived its first world war and an influenza pandemic that killed more people than the war. Things were beginning to look up. This was a time of transition in America and didn’t fit into the time periods we normally think of. It wasn’t yet the flapper era although flappers had come on the scene, but the early 1900s era of the Gibson Girls, long skirts, and Dough Boys was a thing of the past. Here are some facts about normal life in 1920.

Modern Conveniences:

Although modern conveniences like electric lights, indoor plumbing, and running water were available in 1920, for the most part, only those living in the city took advantage of them. Although during the roaring 20’s, people moved from rural farms to suburbs and cities, in the beginning of the decade, half of the population still lived out in the country on farms.

Most people in the city had electricity, telephones, streetlights, sewage systems, and running water. Throughout the decade, housewives were replacing their iceboxes for refrigerators and some even had washing machines, vacuum sweepers, sewing machines, electric mixers, toaster, and electric fans.


In 1920, the Model T automobile manufactured by Ford Motor Company made cars affordable for the average family. The days of the horse and buggy were becoming a thing of the past although you would occasionally see one in rural areas. Public roadways were improved and paved to keep up with the times. Because of the automobiles, the mobility of America changed. One of the major changes was the creation of the suburbs. People could work in the city without actually living there.

Leisure Activities:

Movie theaters, radio, roller rinks, bowling, and watching race car driving and baseball games became fun activities every middle-class family could participate in. The invention of radio also made it so the average family could listen to music or radio shows from their own living room. Dance clubs opened where couples could dance the new dances to jazz songs although the more conservative families considered them immoral. There was also a dark side of entertainment with the speakeasies where illegal drinking and gambling went on, but most people in the 1920s didn’t participate in that.

Family Life:

Most families were traditional with the father who was the bread-winner and the mother who stayed at home and took care of the family. Teenagers were non-existent. You were a child until you became an adult. Younger teens spent time playing as children. Older teens were expected to act like adults. Public schools were everywhere, and most students graduated from high school for the first time in history although few went to college. Dating was usually chaperoned, abstinence was expected, and young adults would normally marry by the time they were twenty-one.


The flapper era was starting to show up in the cities in 1920. Most women were conservative and wore their skirts below their knees which was scandalous five years earlier. The shift or chemise dress with the lowered waistline became popular in 1916 and continued throughout the 1920s. Most dresses were sleeveless, and women wore sweaters over them on cold days.

Many women were starting to cut their hair even in the rural areas. Older women and some farm wives still wore long skirts and kept their hair long pinned up in a bun. Cloche hats that fit tight around the face were becoming popular and went with the new short hair styles. Make-up lines such as Max Factor started opening, and women in the city wore make-up to look like the actresses on the silent movie screen.

The biggest change was ladies’ undergarments. Although the corsets didn’t disappear completely, one piece camisoles and slips became the desired undergarments. Because of shorter hemlines, silk hosiery was invented in 1920. It became the fashion for years after that. Bras didn’t come out until 1922, so most women either wore modified corsets or only wore a camisole.

Resurrection of Hope

By Tamera Lynn Kraft

She thought he was her knight in shining armor, but will a marriage of convenience prove her wrong?

After Vivian’s fiancé dies in the Great War, she thinks her life is over. But Henry, her fiancé’s best friend, comes to the rescue offering a marriage of convenience. He claims he promised his friend he would take care of her. She grows to love him, but she knows it will never work because he never shows any love for her.

Henry adores Vivian and has pledged to take care of her, but he won’t risk their friendship by letting her know. She’s still in love with the man who died in the Great War. He won’t risk heartache by revealing his true emotions.

This Week in History 3/27 – 4/2

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

This Week in History

March 27:

  • President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill which later becomes 14th amendment (1866)
  • US Revolutionary War: Thomas Jefferson elected to the Continental Congress (1775)
  • Typhoid Mary, Mary Mallon, is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid
  • Elizabeth Dirks, one of the first woman preachers of the reformation, was martyred by drowning (1549)
  • WW2: Children’s Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno (1944)
  • First Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C. (1912)
  • Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida (1513)
  • WW2: General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken (1945)
  • First long-distance telephone call from Boston to New York (1884)
  • First successful blood transfusion (1914)
  • 583 die in aviation’s worst ever disaster when two Boeing 747s collide at Tenerife airport (1977)
  • Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne (1625)
  • The modern shoelace, string and shoe holes, invented in England (1790)
  • WW2: Japan leaves League of Nations (1933)
  • The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates (1794)
  • Archbishop Joseph Francis Rummel ordered all Roman Catholic schools in the New Orleans diocese to end segregation (1962)
  • Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut in Goodyear Playhouse (1955)
  • First Mormon temple dedicated in Kirtland, Ohio (1836)
  • Lillian Trasher, missionary to Egypt known as Mother of the Nile, left Egypt by order of the British government but returned 10 years later (1919)
  • Andrew Rankin patents the urinal (1866)
  • Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party (1958)

March 28:

  • Worst accident in the history of the U.S. nuclear power industry begins when a pressure valve in the Unit-2 reactor at Three Mile Island fails to close (1979)
  • New York State abolishes slavery (1799)
  • Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states (1920)
  • The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power. (1946)
  • Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia becomes first African church in US (1796)
  • Senate censures US President Andrew Jackson for taking federal deposits from Bank of US (1834)
  • First ambulance goes into service (1866)
  • US Salvation Army officially organized (1885)
  • “Greatest Show On Earth” was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey (1881)
  • Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities (1917)
  • Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate (37 AD)
  • Nathaniel Briggs patents a washing machine (1797)
  • Paris is sacked by Viking raiders (845 AD)
  • Mexican American War: Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US (1845)
  • Birth of Bill Gaither, contemporary Gospel songwriter and vocal artist (1936)
  • Scottish Parliament passed the Rescissory Act to overthrow Presbyterianism and restore the Anglican episcopacy to Scotland (1661)

March 29:

  • Vietnam War: US troops withdraw from Vietnam (1974)
  • John Winthrop, first governor of Massachusetts Colony, sets sail for America (1630)
  • Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway (1806)
  • Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam (1848)
  • First Swedish colonists in America established a Lutheran settlement at Fort Christiana in the Colony of Delaware (1638)
  • Beethoven debuts as pianist in Vienna (1795)
  • Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial (1867)
  • WW2: Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years (1945)
  • Republic of Switzerland forms (1798)
  • Julius & Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of spying for the Russians (1951)
  • The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants (2004)
  • Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day (1852)
  • Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti (1804)
  • 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections (1961)
  • 20,000 attend Ludwig Von Beethoven’s burial in Vienna (1827)
  • Birth of Winfield Scott Weeden, hymn writer and author of I Surrender All who led music and singing schools for the YMCA and Christian Endeavor (1847)
  • 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students (1976)

March 30:

  • 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race (1870)
  • First recorded passage of Halley’s Comet (240 BC)
  • All imperial lands, as well as lands belonging to monasteries, were confiscated by the Russian provisional government (1917)
  • US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000, 2 cents an acre, criticized as Seward’s Folly (1867)
  • US President Reagan shot & wounded by John W Hinckley III (1981)
  • US Civil War: Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union (1870)
  • Ether used as an anesthetic for first time (1842)
  • Congress combined East & West Florida into Florida Territory (1812)
  • Pencil with attached eraser patented (1858)
  • Florida territorial government established (1870)
  • WW2: Defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmidt Me 262A-1 to Americans (1945)
  • Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops enter South Vietnam (1972)
  • Birth of Moses Maimonides, medieval Jewish scholar (1135)
  • Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act allowing incarceration without trial in India (1919)
  • Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India (1959)

March 31:

  • Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy, New Jersey becomes the first black to vote in US (1870)
  • WW2: German Republic gives power to Hitler (1933)
  • Vietnam War: President Johnson denies further action in Vietnam (1965)
  • The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt (1822)
  • Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris, tallest man-made structure for 41 years (1889)
  • US Civil War: Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (1861)
  • First daylight savings time in US goes into effect (1918)
  • Vietnam War: US orders the first combat troops to Vietnam (1965)
  • During British Civil War, English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines (1657)
  • Ferdinand and Isabella banished all Jews from Spain who did not convert to Christianity (1492)
  • Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade (1146)

April 1:

  • English pranksters begin popularizing the annual tradition of April Fools’ Day by playing practical jokes on each other (1700)
  • Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs’ parents house in Cupertino, California (1976)
  • Samuel Morey patents internal combustion engine (1826)
  • US Air Force Academy forms (1954)
  • Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, in Washington DC. opened to train and teach freed slaves (1868)
  • Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran (1974)
  • US Civil War: First wartime conscription law in US goes into effect (1863)
  • WW2: Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses (1933)
  • US Civil War: Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee’s army (1865)
  • US President Richard Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements (1970)
  • WW2: US forces invade Okinawa (1945)
  • WW2: Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés (1941)
  • WW2: Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany (1933)
  • Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers turning public against them (1934)
  • US Supreme Court rules jurors cannot be barred from serving due to race (1991)
  • US Civil War: Shenandoah Valley campaign (1862)
  • First Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat (1947)
  • First radio tube made of metal announced (1935)
  • US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay (1941)
  • Weight Watchers forms (1946)
  • Cotton Mather’s four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed (1693)
  • International Exhibition opens in Paris (1867)
  • First dish washing machine marketed (1889)
  • New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the “$” symbol (1778)
  • Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre (1748)

April 2:

  • Assemblies of God organized (1914)
  • Mordecai Ham, evangelist who led Billy Graham to Christ, was born (1877)
  • “Electric Theatre”, the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California (1902)
  • The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime (1792)
  • US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia (1865)
  • WW1: US President Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany (1917)
  • Explorer Juan Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain as the first known European to reach Florida (1513)
  • Jeannette Rankin begins her term as first woman member of US House of Representatives (1917)
  • Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops (1975)
  • Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new “Theory of Relativity” (1921)
  • First Easter egg roll held on White House lawn (1877)
  • Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for kidnapped son (1932)
  • 4 US passengers killed by bomb at TWA counter Athens Airport Greece (1986)
  • London prison for debtors closed (1884)
  • Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday (1908)
  • Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee (1931)

Book Review of 30 AD

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

30 AD

by Ted Dekker

A sweeping epic set in the harsh deserts of Arabia and ancient Palestine.

A war that rages between kingdoms on the earth and in the heart.
The harrowing journey of the woman at the center of it all.
Step back in time to the year of our Lord…A.D. 30.
The outcast daughter of one of the most powerful Bedouin sheikhs in Arabia, Maviah is called on to protect the very people who rejected her. When their enemies launch a sudden attack with devastating consequences, Maviah escapes with the help of two of her father’s warriors–Saba who speaks more with is sword than his voice and Judah, a Jew who comes from a tribe that can read the stars. Their journey will be fraught with terrible danger. If they can survive the vast forbidding sands of a desert that is deadly to most, they will reach a brutal world subjugated by kings and emperors. There Maviah must secure an unlikely alliance with King Herod of the Jews.
But Maviah’s path leads her unexpectedly to another man. An enigmatic teacher who speaks of a way in this life which offers greater power than any kingdom. His name is Yeshua, and his words turn everything known on its head. Though following him may present even greater danger, his may be the only way for Maviah to save her people–and herself.

My Review: ♥  ♥  ♥  ♥  ♥

This epic Biblical adventure will keep you on the edge of your seat as you follow Maviah, both slave and queen, as she tries to save her father’s kingdom. What makes it more interesting is she encounters the King of Kings who changes her life forever. I love Biblical fiction that focuses on a fictional character who skirts around the Biblical accounts. I highly recommend this book.

I Love Easter Books Blog Hop

I love everything about Easter. I especially love Easter themed fiction. Although there are tons of Christmas novels and novellas, Easter themed novels are often left out. That’s why I’m so excited to announce an Easter Fiction Facebook Party on Friday, March 24th, 6:00 – 9:00 pm EST. You’ll have a chance to meet six authors including me and to find out more about their Christian Easter fiction.Did I mention the contests? Each author is offering one copy of their novels. There will be other prizes as well, but you’ll have to come to the party to find out what they are.

Click this link to join the party.

Here’s the schedule for the authors who are participating:

6:00 pm Tamera Lynn Kraft
6:30 pm Jericha Kingston
7:00 pm Joan Leotta
7:30 pm Darlene Franklin
8:00 pm Wanda Porter
8:30 pm Amber Schamel

Here’s the blurb for my book:

Resurrection of Hope

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

She thought he was her knight in shining armor, but will a marriage of convenience prove her wrong?

After Vivian’s fiancé dies in the Great War, she thinks her life is over. But Henry, her fiancé’s best friend, comes to the rescue offering a marriage of convenience. He claims he promised his friend he would take care of her. She grows to love him, but she knows it will never work because he never shows any love for her.

Henry adores Vivian and has pledged to take care of her, but he won’t risk their friendship by letting her know. She’s still in love with the man who died in the Great War. He won’t risk heartache by revealing his true emotions.

Next Up for the Blog Hop: Amber Schamel

Amber is promoting her novel Days of Messiah on Stitches Thru Time Blog.

After generations of waiting, the Messiah has come at last. And not a day too soon. All his life, Malon Ben-Tyrus has been squelched beneath Roman laws and religious traditions, and he longs to be free. The oppression of the Romans worsens every day, and the religious system led by the Scribes and Pharisees has grown corrupt.

Malon believes his life calling is to become a disciple of the Messiah and help free Israel from bondage. When Jesus heads to Jerusalem for the Passover feast, Malon knows this will be a historic event. Jesus will enter the city as the Son of David and take His place as the Messiah of Israel. He longs to follow Jesus to Jerusalem, but his family won’t allow him to go.

When at last his family consents, Malon arrives in Jerusalem only to discover that he is too late. The man he thought to be the Messiah has been crucified, and Barabbas—his greatest enemy—has been set free.

Appalled by the cowardice of Jesus’ disciples, Malon returns home seething with frustration and despair. Everything he believed he was destined to become died with Jesus. Was he wrong about his destiny?

Here’s the link to Stitches Thru Time.

This Week in History 3/20 – 3/26

This Week in History

March 20:

  • Abolitionist Harriet Beecher Stowe published her classic antislavery novel, Uncle Tom’s Cabin (1852)
  • WW2: Dachau, first Nazi concentration camp, completed (1930)
  • US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions (1816)
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson notifies Alabama’s Governor George Wallace that he will use Alabama National Guard to protect Civil Rights march from Selma to Montgomery (1965)
  • Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings (1760)
  • WW1: After the sinking of 3 more American merchant ships, US President Woodrow Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable (1917)
  • Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery (1800)
  • 180 tonne blue whale caught in South Atlantic setting a record (1947)
  • American missionary David Brainerd, age 28, ended two-and-one-half years of labor among the colonial Indians of New England, after having been continually plagued with tuberculosis with he would die of seven months later (1747)
  • Birth of Fred Rogers, host of public television’s longest running children’s program Mr. Rogers’ Neighborhood (1928)
  • WW2: Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan by US Senate (1952)
  • Vietnam War: US President Nixon proclaims he will end the war in 1970 (1969)
  • Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule (1815)
  • United Dutch East Indian Company forms (1602)

March 21:

  • Slave ship captain John Newton, author of Amazing Grace, accepted Christ as Lord and Savoir during a fierce storm (1747)
  • Johann Sebastian Bach was born at Eisenach, Germany (1685)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. begins march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama (1965)
  • US Revolutionary War: Massacre at Hancock’s Bridge when at least 20 members of the Salem militia lost their lives, some after attempting to surrender, as Loyalists exclaimed, “Spare no one! Give no quarter!” (1778)
  • US President Harry Truman signs Executive Order 9835 requiring all federal employees to have allegiance to the United States (1947)
  • Journalist Henry Morton Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa (1871)
  • Persia officially renamed Iran (1935)
  • Julius & Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage (1951)
  • The Association of International Mission Services was founded to promote the work of foreign missions among independent Pentecostal and charismatic churches (1985)
  • Olaudah Equiano aka Gustavus Vassa, a freed slave, petitions King George III and Queen Charlotte, to free enslaved Africans (1788)
  • Civil Code of Napoleon adopted in France (1804)
  • Author Louis L’Amour born (1908)

March 22:

  • Nicia Council set date for Easter as the Sunday after the first full moon following the Spring equinox (325 AD)
  • Date Gutenberg Bible might have been first published (1457)
  • US Revolutionary War: Stamp Act passed (1765)
  • Thomas Jefferson becomes the first US Secretary of State under President Washington (1790)
  • US Revolutionary War: Stamp Act passed; first direct British tax on colonists (1765)
  • Religious dissident Anne Hutchinson expelled from Massachusetts Bay Colony (1638)
  • First American Indian, Powhattan, massacre of whites Jamestown Virginia, 347 slain (1622)
  • In colonial Massachusetts, the Plymouth Colony made a treaty with the neighboring Indians which both sides kept for fifty years (1621)
  • The St. Petersburg–Tampa Airboat Line becomes the world’s first scheduled airline (1914)
  • Niagara Falls runs out of water because of a drought (1903)
  • First patent for lasers, granted to Arthur Schawlow & Charles Townes (1960)
  • First shopping mall opened in Southfield, Michigan (1954)
  • WW2: Jimmy Stewart is inducted into the Army, becoming the first major American movie star to wear a military uniform in World War II (1941)
  • WW2: Jimmy Stewart flies his 12th combat mission leading the 2nd Bomb Wing in an attack on Berlin (1945)
  • First US nursing school chartered (1861)
  • Illinois becomes first state to require sexual equality in employment (1872)
  • US is the first nation to recognize the new government of Russia (1917)
  • Vietnam War: US confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong (1965)
  • First colonial legislation prohibiting gambling enacted (1630)
  • Edmunds Act adopted by the US to suppress polygamy, 1300 men later imprisoned under the act (1882)

March 23:

  • US Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry made his “Give me liberty or give me death” speech (1775)
  • Koldewey began excavation in ancient Babylon and unearthed many finds that proved Biblical texts about the city (1899)
  • 8th Congress of the Russian Communist Party re-establishes a five-member Politburo which becomes the center of political power in the Soviet Union. Original members Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev and Nikolai Krestinsky (1919)
  • In London, composer George Frederic Handel’s famous oratorio Messiah was performed for the first time (1744)
  • WW2: German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers in Enabling Act (1933)
  • WW2: Largest operation in Pacific War when 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Japanese island of Okinawa (1945)
  • Wright brothers obtain airplane patent (1903)
  • US Civil War: Congress passes 2nd Reconstruction Act over President Andrew Johnson’s veto (1867)
  • WW2: In Enabling Act, German Reichstag grants Adolf Hitler dictatorial powers (1933)
  • WW2: US move native-born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers (1942)
  • English Puritans John Greenwood and Henry Barrowe tried and sentenced to death on the charge of devising and circulating seditious books (1593)
  • Elisha Otis installs his 1st elevator at 488 Broadway in New York City (1857)
  • Waltham Abbey in Essex became the last monastery in England to transfer its allegiance from the Catholic Church to the newly-established Church of England (1540)
  • Mormon John Doyle Lee was executed by a firing squad for masterminding the Mountain Meadows Massacre which killed a wagon train of 127 Arkansas Methodist emigrants bound for California (1877)
  • Elisha Otis’ 1st elevator installed (1857)
  • Draper takes first successful photo of the Moon (1840)
  • Streetcar patented (1858)
  • Flour rolling mill patented (1880)
  • First recorded use of “OK”, oll korrect, in Boston’s Morning Post (1839)

March 24:

  • US Revolutionary War: Britain enacts Quartering Act requiring colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers (1765)
  • Fanny Crosby, blind author of over 2,000 hymns, was born
  • William Leddra became the last Quaker in America to be martyred when he was hung in Boston (1661)
  • Roger Williams is granted a charter to colonize Rhode Island (1664)
  • El Salvador’s leading human rights activist, Archbishop Oscar Romero, was assassinated by a sniper while saying mass in a hospital chapel (1980)
  • Planet Pluto named (1930)
  • First automobile sold (1898)
  • German scientist Robert Koch discovers bacillus cause of TB (1882)
  • John Antes, first American missionary to Egypt, was born (1740)
  • Scottish King James VI, son of Mary Queen of Scots, becomes King James I of England joining the English and Scottish crowns. (1603)
  • Canada gives its black citizens the right to vote (1837)
  • Mormon Joseph Smith beaten, tarred, & feathered in Ohio (1832)
  • WW2: Largest one-day airborne drop, 600 transports & 1300 gliders (1945)
  • John D. Rockefeller Jr donates NYC East River site to the UN (1947)
  • Elvis Presley joins the army (1958)

March 25:

  • First Easter, according to calendar-maker Dionysius Exiguus (31 AD)
  • Roman Church historian Dionysius Exiguus determined this date for when the Annunciation took place (1 AD)
  • US Revolutionary War: British Parliament passes the Boston Port Act, closing the port of Boston and demanding that the city’s residents pay for tea dumped into the harbor during the Boston Tea Party (1774)
  • US Revolutionary War: Continental Congress authorized a medal for George Washington (1777)
  • RCA manufactures 1st color TV set – 12½” screen at $1,000 (1954)
  • US Civil War: First US Army Medal of Honor awarded (1863)
  • Modern Olympics began in Athens, Greece (1896)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. led 25,000 to state capitol in Montgomery, Alabama (1965)
  • In NYC, Triangle Shirtwaist Factory catches fire killing 145, all but 13 girls (1911)
  • US Supreme court rules “poll tax” unconstitutional (1966)
  • Conrad Grebel arrived in St. Gall, Switzerland preaching about the need for repentance and baptism and illegally baptizing hundreds (1525)
  • Great Awakening preacher George Whitefield started building Bethesda Orphanage which later became Bethesda School for Boys in Savannah, Georgia (1740)
  • American missionary and martyr Jim Elliot reflected in his journal, “When it comes time to die, make sure that all you have to do is die” (1951)
  • Henry Hudson embarks on an exploration for Dutch East India Co (1609)
  • Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert’s patent to explore North America (1584)
  • British Parliament abolishes slave trade throughout the British Empire; penalty of £120 per slave introduced for ship captains (1807)
  • US Socialist Party forms in Indianapolis (1900)
  • Under charter granted to Lord Baltimore, first settlers found Catholic colony of Maryland (1634)
  • Great Dayton Flood (1913)
  • Robert the Bruce crowned Robert I, King of Scots (1306)
  • Richard I the Lion Heart, King of England, is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6 (1199)
  • Sir Walter Raleigh renews Humphrey Gilbert’s patent to explore North America (1584)
  • Greece gains independence from Turkey (1821)

March 26:

  • Birth of George Smith, famed English Assyriologist who during several expeditions to the site of ancient Nineveh unearthed over 3,000 cuneiform tablets including one which told the story of an ancient deluge similar to Noah’s Flood (1840)
  • WW2: Iwo Jima occupied and US flag raised after 18,000 Japanese & 6,000 Americans killed (1945)
  • Dr Jonas Salk announces vaccine to prevent polio (1953)
  • Focus on the Family is founded by Dr. James Dobson (1977)
  • Robert Richford Roberts, Methodist circuit rider who rode 5,400 miles the last year of his life, died at age 65 (1843)
  • Territory of Orleans organizes in Louisiana Purchase (1804)
  • Faye Edgerton, missionary to the Navajo who translated the Bible in Native American languages, was born (1889)
  • WW2: Elsie S Ott becomes first woman awarded US Air Force Medal (1943)
  • US Civil War: Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves (1863)
  • Joseph Smith first published The Book of Mormon (1830)
  • Congress orders removal of Indians east of Mississippi to Louisiana (1804)
  • US forbids immigration to criminals, anarchists, paupers & the sick (1910)
  • This Side of Paradise, F. Scott Fitzgerald’s first novel, is published (1920)
  • Congress appropriates $50,000 for Inter-American highway (1930)

The History of Saint Patrick

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

St. Patrick’s Day, March 17th, is a day everyone loves to celebrate by wearing green and having parades, but most don’t know the spiritual significance of the man named Patrick. It is a story of adventure and mystery.

Patrick was born in Kilpatrick, Scotland in the year, 387. His parents were Romans living in Britain and named him Maewyn Succat. At the age of fourteen, Patrick was captured by a raiding party and taken to Ireland to herd sheep. Ireland, at that time, was populated by pagans and druids. Patrick, during his captivity, learned the language and culture of Ireland. He also used his captivity to grow closer to God.

Six years later, at the age of twenty, Patrick had a dream from God to leave Ireland. In the dream, he was told to escape to the coast. When he arrived at the coast, a ship from Britain was waiting for him. He returned home to his family.

Later Patrick studied for the priesthood, became a bishop. He had a vision of the people of Ireland begging him to return and tell them about Jesus. Patrick became a missionary to Ireland and preached the Gospel throughout the land. He lived there for the rest of his life, and many were converted. He died on March 17th, 461.

There are many legends surrounding Patrick. Because there are very few snakes in Ireland, one legend says Patrick banished the snakes. This legend has a grain of truth in it if you consider the snakes paganism that plagued Ireland. By the time Patrick died, Ireland was on its way to becoming a Christian nation. Another legend says an Ash tree would grow wherever Patrick poked his stick into the ground.

The reason the shamrock is used to represent St. Patrick is because he used the shamrock to illustrate the trinity. Since the shamrock is green, that color is also used to represent Ireland and St. Patrick’s Day.

This Week in History 3/13-3/19

This Week in History

March 13:

  • US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (1865)
  • Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly (1852)
  • Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico (1519)
  • William Herschel sees what he thinks is a “comet” but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus (1781)
  • Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory (1930)
  • Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial (1868)
  • WW2: Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight (1943)
  • The Butler Law in Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach anything but creationism (1925)
  • Great Blizzard of 1888 rages (1888)
  • US adopts Standard Time (1884)
  • American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday (1933)
  • Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard (1639)

March 14:

  • Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin (1794)
  • Jack Ruby sentenced to death for murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the murderer of JFK (1964)
  • JFK’s body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial (1967)
  • On board HMS Monarch, his own flagship, British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty (1757)
  • War of 1812: Congress authorizes war bonds to finance the war (1812)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (1821)
  • WW2: Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies (1941)
  • By Presidential order, the US excludes Japanese laborers from entering the country (1907)
  • John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation (1913)
  • FBI’s “10 Most Wanted Fugitives” program begins (1950)

March 15:

  • US Revolutionary War: In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy; the threatened coup never takes place (1783)
  • Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March (44 BC)
  • First US presidential press conference by Woodrow Wilson (1913)
  • The first Internet domain name, symbolics.com is registered (1985)
  • Maine admitted as 23rd US state (1820)
  • WW2: Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest (1940)
  • Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter (1962)
  • First escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (1892)
  • Cleveland establishes first small claims court (1913)
  • First state contraceptive clinic opens in Raleigh NC (1937)
  • Pluto again becomes outermost planet (1999)

March 16:

  • Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king (597 AD)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler orders German rearmament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles (1935)
  • US Civil War: Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (1861)
  • First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery (1867)
  • Law signed to establish US Military Academy in West Point, New York (1802)
  • Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Massachusetts (1621)
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter published (1850)
  • Mississippi House of Representatives formally abolishes slavery & ratifies 13th Amendment (1995)
  • Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts (1881)
  • US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross (1882)
  • Holy spirit glides above fire in “the miracle of Amsterdam” (1345)
  • Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15 (1995)

March 17:

  • Saint Patrick, missionary to Ireland, died (461 AD)
  • Saint Patrick aged 16 is carried off to Ireland as a slave (432 AD)
  • Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi when 20 African Americans are killed (1886)
  • Golda Meir becomes Israel’s 4th Prime Minister (1969)
  • Amanda Berry, evangelist and song writer who was born a slave, become a Christian (1856)
  • Texas abolishes slavery for a short time (1836)
  • John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island (1898)
  • Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines (1521)
  • Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London (1845)
  • First St. Patrick’s Day celebration held in United States (1737)
  • WW2: General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander (1942)
  • At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death (1901)
  • Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed (1861)

March 18:

  • Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem (1229)
  • US Civil War: Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time (1865)
  • WW2: Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany’s war against France & Britain (1940)
  • Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space (1965)
  • First free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists (1990)
  • President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC (1875)
  • 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox (1942)
  • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights (1874)
  • US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill (1959)
  • According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date (1325)
  • Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone (1882)
  • Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering (1899)
  • British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience (1922)
  • Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France (1314)
  • Largest art robbery in US history: 13 works of art worth over $500 million are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston (1990)

March 19:

  • US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time (1918)
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England (1628)
  • WW2: FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty (1942)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler issues “Nero Decree” to destroy all German factories (1945)
  • Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city (1822)
  • Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention (1969)
  • Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins (2003)
  • US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant (1920)
  • WW2: 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan (1945)
  • First US bank robbery (1831)
  • 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor (1644)
  • Pluto photographed for first time (1915)
  • 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor (1644)
  • US Civil War: Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence (1863)