This Week in History 5/1 – 5/7

This Week in History

May 1:

  • Empire State Building dedicated (1931)
  • Back to the Bible aired for the first time on radio (1939)
  • US Civil War: Atlanta campaign begins (1864)
  • Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1961)
  • First BASIC program runs on a computer (1964)
  • Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3, Tandy operating system for computers (1981)
  • Boulder Dam completed (1935)
  • General Mills introduces Cheerios (1941)
  • US Civil War: Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers (1863)
  • WW2: Food rationing begins in US (1943)
  • US Civil War: Reconstruction of South begins with black voter registration (1866)
  • North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (1948)
  • Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (1753)
  • First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California (1841)
  • Mr Potato Head introduced (1952)
  • First American, James Whittaker, conquers Mount Everest (1963)
  • North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (1948)
  • WW2: The 1940 Olympics are cancelled (1940)
  • Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus (1006)
  • Batman premieres in comic book (1939)
  • TWA introduces tourist class (1952)
  • American Equal Rights Association forms (1866)
  • TWA introduces tourist class (1961)
  • Kingdom of England recognizes the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state (1328)
  • Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain (1707)
  • Mozart’s opera “Marriage of Figaro” premieres in Vienna (1786)

May 2:

  • WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders (1945)
  • US Civil War: US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis (1865)
  • J. Edgar Hoover, FBI director for almost 5 decades, dies (1972)
  • Territory of Oklahoma created (1890)
  • US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act (1916)
  • US Civil War: Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men (1863)
  • U.S. Supreme Court’s “Buck v. Bell”, permits forced sterilizations of various “unfits” by states’ authorities where such surgeries are practiced for eugenic reasons (1927)
  • Anne Boleyn is arrested and taken to the Tower of London (1536)
  • King Charles II gives royal charter to the Hudson’s Bay Company (1670)
  • The General Conference of the Methodist Church, held in Minneapolis, demanded abolishment of racial segregation in all Methodist churches (1956)
  • Martin Luther became a priest (1507)
  • Missionary Hans Egede sailed to Greenland (1721)
  • Good Housekeeping magazine is first published (1885)
  • Osama Bin Laden is killed by United States special forces (2011)
  • Birth of William Taylor, evangelist, circuit rider, and missionary (1821)
  • Former VP Spiro Agnew disbarred (1974)
  • Cyclone Nargis makes landfall in Myanmar killing over 130,000 people and leaving millions of people homeless (2008)
  • Dr Kevorkian found innocent on assisting suicides (1994)
  • US President Bill Clinton announces that accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the United States military (2000)

May 3:

  • Great Awakening revivalist George Whitefield first arrived in America (1738)
  • Sixteen year old Charles H. Spurgeon made his public profession of faith in Jesus Christ (1850)
  • WW2: German ship “Cap Arcona” laden with prisoners sunk by Royal Air Force in East Sea, 5,800 killed – one of largest maritime losses of life (1945)
  • Jews flee Spain to avoid persecution (1455)
  • A Massachusetts law was enacted requiring church doors to be locked during the worship service because too many people were leaving before the long sermons were completed (1675)
  • Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for Gone With the Wind (1937)
  • First African American lawyer, Macon B Allen, admitted to the bar (1845)
  • Royal charter granted to Connecticut (1662)
  • Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city (1802)
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is slammed by an F5 tornado killing forty-two people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage (1999)
  • Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire, 30 die (1851)
  • West Virginia imposes first state sales tax (1921)
  • WW2: Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China (1928)
  • First unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail “spam” is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative (1978)
  • The Constitution of May 3, the first modern constitution in Europe, is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (1791)

May 4:

  • After an unknown shot is fired, National Guard opens fire killing four rioters at Kent State University in Ohio (1970)
  • The Moravians in Pennsylvania established the Moravian Women’s Seminary at Bethlehem, the first educational institution of its kind established in colonial America (1746)
  • United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a New York statute exempting church-owned property from taxation (1970)
  • US Revolutionary War: Rhode Island declares independence from England (1776)
  • During Haymarket Square Riot in Chicago, Illinois, a bomb is thrown at a squad of policemen attempting to break up a labor rally (1886)
  • Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for The Old Man & The Sea (1953)
  • Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to be elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979)
  • Construction begins by the United States on the Panama Canal (1904)
  • First Grammy Awards with Perry Como & Ella Fitzgerald winning (1959)
  • American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston (1778)
  • Michigan ends death penalty (1846)
  • “Unabomber” Ted Kaczynski sentenced to four life sentences plus 30 years (1998)
  • Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion (1932)
  • Wars of the Roses: Battle of Tewkesbury – final battle between Lancaster and York sees the Prince of Wales, Edward of Westminster killed and King Edward IV restored to his crown thus extinguishing the Lancastrian of Plantagenet line (1471)
  • The Don’t Make A Wave Committee, a fledgling environmental organization founded in Canada in 1971, officially changes its name to “Greenpeace Foundation” (1972)

May 5:

  • Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. becomes first American in Space (1961)
  • Haile Selassie, missionary to Ethiopia, forced to leave the church of 48 converts on May 5, 1936, returned exactly 5 years later to find 10,000 converts (1941)
  • WW2: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases (1945)
  • WW2: Six killed in Oregon by Japanese bomb (1945)
  • Vietnam War: First large-scale US Army ground units arrive in South Vietnam (1965)
  • West Germany is granted full sovereignty by its three occupying powers (1955)
  • Music Hall (Carnegie Hall) opens in New York, Tchaikovsky is guest conductor (1891)
  • Siege at Iranian Embassy in London ends as British SAS and police storm the building (1980)
  • High school biology teacher John T. Scopes  was arrested for teaching the theory of evolution in his Dayton, Tennessee classroom (1925)
  • During British Civil War, King Charles I surrenders in Scotland (1646)
  • The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as National guardsmen fire upon a crowd of unarmed mill worker protestors on strike in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven (1886)
  • First US train robbery in North Bend, Ohio (1865)
  • Gandhi freed from prison (1944)
  • Eugene Antonio Marino becomes first black Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S. (1988)
  • US Civil War: Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke (1864)
  • First modern perfume, Chanel No. 5 released (1941)

May 6:

  • King Alfred the Great of Wessex, the English king to survive Viking attacks, wins Battle of Ethandun. After Viking invaders surrender, King Alfred converts them to Christianity and baptizes them instead of killing them and makes a peace treaty with the Danes. He became known as Alfred the Great, the first king of England (878 AD)
  • US Civil War: Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between the Union & the Confederacy (1861)
  • Dutch colonist Peter Minuit buys Manhattan Island from local Indians for 60 guilders worth of trinkets (1626)
  • US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960 (1960)
  • WW2: All U.S. troops in the Philippines surrender unconditionally to the Japanese (1942)
  • At California’s March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show (1941)
  • King Henry VIII orders bible be placed in every church in England (1541)
  • US Civil War: Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US (1861)
  • US Civil war: General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia (1864)
  • Hindenburg disaster (1937)
  • WW2: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (1945)
  • Joseph Stalin became Premier of Russia (1941)
  • John Deere makes first steel plow (1833)
  • Exposition Universelle, World Fair, opens in Paris with the completed Eiffel Tower (1889)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Wilderness – Confederate General Longstreet seriously injured (1864)
  • US Congress ceases Chinese immigration (1882)
  • Mormon Church renounces polygamy (1890)
  • John Steinbeck wins Pulitzer Prize for Grapes of Wrath (1940)
  • Roger Bannister becomes first man to run 4 minute mile (1954)
  • During a trip to Syria, Pope John Paul II becomes the first pope to enter a mosque (2001)

May 7:

  • WW2: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims (1945)
  • WW1: RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland, 1198 lives lost (1915)
  • First US Presidential inaugural ball (1789)
  • US Congress establishes Mother’s Day (1914)
  • The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer (1952)
  • WW2: Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed (1942)
  • WW2: SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22 (1945)
  • George Eastman patents Kodak Box Camera (1888)
  • Columbia University approves plans for awarding the Pulitzer Prize in several categories, after established by Joseph Pulitzer (1912)
  • Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention – the world’s first radio receiver (1895)
  • WW1: A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans (1919)
  • William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation (1700)
  • Dr. H. H. Holmes, one of America’s first well-known serial killers, is hanged (1896)
  • English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army (1429)
  • Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles (1664)
  • Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor, Washington (1792)
  • Indiana Territory organized (1800)
  • Glenn Miller records Chattanooga Choo Choo for RCA (1941)
  • American Medical Association organizes (1847)
  • 1,200 Jews of Toledo Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara (1355)
  • Forty thousand mercenaries, hired by Cardinal Pompeo Colonna, sacked the city of Rome, destroying two-thirds of the houses, butchering clergy and laity alike, and forcing Clement VII to flee disguised as a gardener (1527)
  • The city of New Orleans was founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienvill (1718)
  • Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni (1660)
  • The tomb of Herod the Great is discovered (2007)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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