This Week in History 4/24 – 4/30

HistoryThis Week in History

  • April 24:
  • In deciding the legal case “United States v. Ballard,” the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the general principle that “the truth of religious claims is not for secular authority to determine.” (1944)
  • Massacre of Armenian Christians by Turks starts on Armenian Martyrs Day (1915)
  • Augustine of Hippo, early Christian theologian, was baptized (387 AD)
  • Boston News-Letter, first successful newspaper in US, forms (1704)
  • The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (1147 BC)
  • US Civil War: Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South in New Orleans (1877)
  • US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government (1950)
  • Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.” (1967)
  • Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins on Easter in Dublin (1916)
  • Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts (1872)
  • Halley’s Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed (1066)
  • Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent first soda fountain (1833)
  • Spanish-American War: Spain delares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba (1898)
  • Double Indemnity starring Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck is released (1944)
  • National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (1884)
  • The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened (1913)
  • Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire (1877)
  • Jordan formally annexes the West Bank (1950)

April 25:

  • Library of Congress established (1800)
  • German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller first to use the name America on his world map Universalis Cosmographia (1507)
  • 7.8-magnitude earthquake near Kathmandu in Nepal, killing 8000, leaving over 100,000 homeless, destroying many historic sites (2015)
  • WW2: Red army completely surrounds Berlin (1945)
  • Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April. (1898)
  • Mexican-American War: The Thornton Affair conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas triggering the war (1846)
  • US Civil War: Capture of New Orleans by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut (1862)
  • Captured in 1967, the Sinai Peninsula was returned by Israel to Egypt as part of the 1979 Camp David Accord (1982)
  • The Augsburg Confession, the first summary of the Lutheran faith, was read publicly at the Diet of Worms (1530)
  • Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit (1961)
  • Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe (1719)
  • Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier (1792)
  • Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia (1829)
  • English Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II (1660)
  • Birth of John Keble, English clergyman and poet credited with founding the Oxford Movement (1792)
  • Patent granted for thimble (1684)
  • Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna (1886)
  • Ground broken for Suez Canal (1859)

April 26:

  • World’s worst nuclear accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant near Kiev in Ukraine (1986)
  • First permanent English colony in American lands at Cape Henry, Virginia (1607)
  • Nationwide test of Salk’s anti-polio vaccine begins (1954)
  • John Wilkes Booth, assassin of President Lincoln, is killed (1865)
  • Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins (1954)
  • Minnesota observed a statewide day of prayer asking for deliverance from a plague of grasshoppers ravishing their farms; the plague ended soon after (1877)
  • WW2: Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France’s Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason (1945)
  • US Civil War: Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC (1865)
  • Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn (1514)
  • Alexander Duff, Scottish missionary to India, was born (1806)
  • Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold “great debate” on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. (1920)
  • Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity, first time this defense used successfully in the US (1859)

April 27:

  • The universe is created according to German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler (4977 BC)
  • US Revolutionary War: British Parliament passes the Tea Act (1773)
  • US Civil War: West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (1861)
  • US Civil War: Steamboat “SS Sultana” explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history (1865)
  • The last Canadian missionary leaves the People’s Republic of China (1959)
  • English poet John Milton sold the copyright to his religious epic Paradise Lost for ten English pounds (1667)
  • The deadliest day of the 2011 Super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak, in United States history (2011)
  • Blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10 (1667)
  • Soviet authorities order the evacuation of the city of Pripyat, population 50,000, one day after the Chernobyl nuclear accident (1986)
  • Death of Moravian missionary Peter Bohler who led John Wesley to Christ (1775)
  • Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City (2006)
  • US Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (1861)
  • Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi (1911)
  • Modern state of Israel was officially recognized by the British government (1950)
  • Apollo 16 returns safely to Earth (1972)
  • Geneva’s first Protestant catechism was published (1537)
  • WW2: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication (1945)

April 28:

  • Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date (1902)
  • US President Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO (1952)
  • Mutiny on the HMS Bounty (1789)
  • WW2: Mussolini, Italian dictator during the war, executed (1945)
  • Al Lewis, aviation missionary, was killed in a plane crash (1955)
  • Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office (1635)
  • Maryland becomes seventh state to ratify US constitution (1788)
  • First commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am (1937)
  • WW2: World War II titled so as result of Gallup Poll (1942)
  • The 100th General Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian Church passed a resolution declaring that sexual relations within marriage without the intention of procreation were not sinful (1960)
  • British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia (1770)
  • Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France (1969)
  • 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia (1914)
  • 119 die in Benwood, West Virginia coal mine disaster (1924)

April 29:

  • First Anglican worship service in America at Jamestown (1607)
  • Vietnam War: In Operation Frequent Wind, U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover ending US involvement in the war (1975)
  • Vietnam War: Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the war (1975)
  • World War II monument opens in Washington D.C. (2004)
  • US Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (1861)
  • US Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War (1862)
  • Joan of Arc liberates Orleans for French (1429)
  • WW2: US troops liberated the oldest Nazi concentration camps, Dachau, in Bavaria, West Germany (1945)
  • The Navigators began when founder Dawson Trotman began the work in San Pedro, California (1933)
  • Vietnam War: 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia (1970)
  • Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising (1816)
  • WW2: Hitler marries Eva Braun as troops surround Berlin (1945)
  • Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England (1553)
  • First US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F Hummel (1813)
  • The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 comes into force, outlaws production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories (1997)
  • First edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published (1852)

April 30:

  • Roman Emperor Galerius issued Edit of Toleration ending the Great Persecution of Christians (311 AD)
  • Vietnam War: Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders (1975)
  • WW2: Hitler commits suicide (1945)
  • US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase (1803)
  • First presidential inauguration (1789)
  • US Department of the Navy forms (1798)
  • Louisiana admitted as 18th US state (1812)
  • Birth of Orville J. Nave, the U.S. Armed Services chaplain who compiled the Nave’s Topical Bible (1841)
  • Warner Sallman, famous artist who painted The Head of Christ, was born (1892)
  • Charles Dickens’ A Tale Of Two Cities is first published in weekly installments (1859)
  • Boston Pops Orchestra forms (1885)
  • US President Nixon announces the resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman (1973)
  • US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings (1974)
  • The World Wide Web is born at CERN (1993)
  • First practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri (1808)
  • Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1527)
  • Roman Emperor Honorius issued a decree denouncing Pelagianism which taught that humanity can take the initial and fundamental steps toward salvation by its own efforts apart from divine grace (418 AD)
  • First French colonists in North America, Jean Ribault & colonists, arrive in Florida (1562)
Advertisements
This entry was posted in Author Tamera Lynn Kraft, History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s