This Week in History 4/10 – 4/16

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

This Week in History:

April 10:

  • WW2: U.S. Armed forces liberated the prison camp at Buchenwald, Germany where nearly 57,000 prisoners, mostly Jews, perished in the gas chambers (1945)
  • US Civil War: General Order #9, thanking the troops and releasing them from service, was issued by General Lee to the troops of Northern Virginia after their surrender at Appomattox (1865)
  • Dr Jonas Salk successfully tests Polio vaccine (1955)
  • US, USSR & 70 other nations agree to ban biological weapons (1972)
  • US Congress increases number of Supreme Court judges from 7 to 9 (1869)
  • RMS Titanic sets sail from Southampton for her maiden and final voyage (1912)
  • WW2: Austria becomes a state of Germany by popular vote (1938)
  • US Revolutionary War: Commander John Paul Jones aboard the USS Ranger set sail to begin raids on British warships (1775)
  • The first law regulating copyright is issued in Great Britain (1710)
  • US Patent system forms (1790)
  • “Big Ben”, a 13.76 tonne bell, is recast in the Tower of Westminster (1858)
  • The Good Friday/Belfast Agreement for Northern Ireland is signed by the British and Irish governments (1998)
  • Safety pin patented by Walter Hunt (1849)
  • The Gift of the Magi is published (1906)
  • The Great Gatsby” by F Scott Fitzgerald is published (1925)
  • Richard Allen was elected the first bishop of the newly-created African Methodist Episcopal Church and the first black bishop in the US (1816)
  • In New Orleans, torture chamber where slaves are routinely brutalized by Delphine LaLaurie is found after a fire set by a slave (1834)
  • American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (1866)
  • WW2: Adolf Eichmann tried as a war criminal in Israel (1961)
  • First Jewish ghetto established when Venice compels Jews to live in a specific area (1516)
  • New York makes syphilis test mandatory in order to get a marriage license (1938)
  • Henry H. Halley, the author of the handbook, was born (1874)
  • New York Tribune begins publishing under editor Horace Greeley (1841)
  • More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh (1845)

April 11:

  • US Revolutionary War: Hostilities formally cease (1783)
  • The Apple I computer, created by Steve Wozniak, is released (1976)
  • David Zeisberger, Moravian missionary to Native Americans in Schoenbrunn and Gnaddenhuteen was born (1721)
  • George Mueller opened his famous orphanage on Wilson Street in Bristol (1836)
  • Ellis Island, New York, designated as an immigration station (1890)
  • US Civil War: Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction (1865)
  • US President Lyndon B. Johnson signs 1968 Civil Rights Act (1968)
  • William III & Mary II crowned as joint rulers of Britain (1689)
  • US Navy’s first submarine made its debut (1900)
  • Ugandan dictator Idi Amin, who murdered 300,000 of his people, was overthrown and escaped the country (1979)
  • Apollo 13 launched to Moon; unable to land, returns in 6 days (1970)
  • President McKinley asks for Spanish-American War declaration (1898)
  • 450 prisoners rioted at the Southern Ohio Correctional Facility in Lucasville, Ohio on Easter Sunday and continued to do so for ten days (1993)
  • US President Harry Truman fires General Douglas MacArthur (1951)
  • The foundation stone of the new St. Peter’s Basilica was laid (1506)
  • Napoleon abdicates unconditionally and is exiled to Elba (1814)
  • The Full Gospel Fellowship of Churches and Ministers International, formed in Dallas in 1962, changed its name to Christ for the Nations (1967)
  • The last execution for witchcraft in Germany takes place (1775)
  • Birth of Marcus Dods, Scottish clergyman and biblical scholar (1834)
  • The Shogunate is abolished in Japan (1868)

April 12:

  • Assemblies of God denomination founded (1914)
  • US Civil War: War begins when Fort Sumter is fired upon (1861)
  • US Civil War: James Andrews and his team steal The General, a Confederate train, at Kennesaw, Georgia (1862)
  • Watchman Nee, Chinese preacher, sentenced to 15 years in prison in which he was tortured and suffered brainwashing techniques, for preaching the Gospel. Twenty years later, he died in prison without once renouncing the Gospel. (1952)
  • WW2: Germany prohibits publishing “not-Arian” writers (1935)
  • Texan envoys sign Treaty of Annexation with the United States (1844)
  • North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law (1869)
  • WW2: Vichy-France’s head of government Admiral Dalarn consults with Hitler (1941)
  • US Revolutionary War: Townsend Acts repealed (1770)
  • Galileo is convicted of heresy (1633)
  • Thomas Jefferson is born (1743)
  • US President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies in office (1945)
  • First US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, Washington (1811)
  • US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of the Moscow Olympic games (1980)
  • Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin becomes the first person to orbit Earth (1961)
  • Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England (1937)
  • WW2: Canadian troops liberate Nazi concentration camp Westerbork, Netherlands (1945)
  • The armies of the Fourth Crusade captured Constantinople and established the Latin Empire (1204)
  • The US Congress passes the Foraker Act, establishing Puerto Rico as an unincorporated territory (1900)
  • The Church Missionary Society was organized in London (1799)

April 13:

  • US Civil War: After 34 hours of bombardment, Fort Sumter surrenders to Confederates (1861)
  • Apollo 13 announces “Houston, we’ve got a problem!” as Beech-built oxygen tank explodes en route to Moon (1970)
  • US Civil War: Sherman’s march through Georgia begins (1864)
  • Handel’s Messiah premieres in Dublin (1742)
  • The US House of Representatives votes to institute direct elections of senators to Congress (1911)
  • South Carolina rejects black suffrage (1944)
  • US boycotts Summer Olympics in Moscow (1980)
  • Edict of Nantes grants political rights to French Huguenots (1598)
  • Due to lack of funds, Saturday mail delivery in US is temporarily halted (1957)
  • Paul the Deacon, scholar and author of The History of Rome, died (799 AD)
  • King Henry of France issued the Edict of Nantes, legally recognizing the Protestants and providing them religious liberties (1598)
  • William Henry Lane, Juda, perfects tap dance (1808)
  • Best view of Halley’s Comet in 2000 years (837 AD)
  • Royal Flying Corps, RAF, forms (1912)
  • Steam power brake patented by George Westinghouse (1869)
  • First elephant arrives in US from India (1796)
  • FDR dedicates Jefferson Memorial (1943)
  • First Pony Express reaches Sacramento, California (1860)
  • J C Penney opens his first store in Kemmerer, Wyoming (1902)
  • US prospector Alfred Packer convicted of manslaughter though accused of cannibalism (1883)
  • Pope Nicholas II decreed that future popes could be elected by cardinals only (1059)

April 14:

  • President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford’s Theater (1865)
  • Black evangelist William J. Seymour started services on Azusa street which flamed into the Azusa Street Revival that swept the nation (1914)
  • Jewish zealots committed mass suicide within the fortress of Masada on this last night before the walls were breached by the attacking Roman Tenth Legion (73 AD)
  • U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell (1865)
  • The Human Genome Project is completed with 99% of the human genome sequenced to an accuracy of 99.99% (2003)
  • US Medical Corp forms (1818)
  • Black Sunday: The worst sandstorm ravages US midwest, creating the “Dust Bowl” (1935)
  • Dr Harry Plotz discovers vaccine against typhoid (1903)
  • RMS Titanic hits an iceberg at 11.40pm off Newfoundland (1912)
  • First Space Shuttle, Columbia 1, returns to Earth (1981)
  • US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting (1865)
  • Congress forms Territory of Wisconsin (1836)
  • Noah Webster copyrights First American Dictionary (1828)
  • First public showing of Thomas Edison’s kinetoscope – moving pictures (1894)
  • First abolitionist society founded in Philadelphia (1775)
  • William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press (1863)
  • President Taft begins tradition of throwing out ball on opening day (1910)
  • Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas (1881)
  • Word “telescope” is first used (1611)
  • Russian Archpriest Avvakum was martyred (1682)

April 15:

  • President Lincoln dies (1865)
  • Jackie Robinson becomes first black man on a major league baseball team (1947)
  • The Titanic sinks as evangelist John Harper warns fellow passengers to get right with God (1912)
  • First telephone installed: Boston-Somerville in Massachusetts (1877)
  • Leonardo da Vinci, Renaissance artist, was born in Vinci, Italy (1452)
  • Corrie Ten Boom was born (1897)
  • In deciding the legal case “Watson v. Jones,” the U.S. Supreme Court declared that a member of a religious organization may not appeal to secular courts against a decision made by a church tribunal within the area of its competence (1872)
  • During the Boston Marathon bombings, 3 people are killed and 183 injured after two explosions near the finish line (2013)
  • Meteorite explode above Indonesia (1988)
  • First modern Olympic games close in Athens, Greece (1896)
  • Leonhard Euler, mathematician and Christian apologist, was born in Switzerland (1707)
  • Guy Carawan sings “We Shall Overcome” to a Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee in Raleigh – popularising the song as a protest anthem (1960)
  • Samuel Johnson’s “A Dictionary of the English Language” published in London (1755)

April 16:

  • Manifesto of religious tolerance issued in Russia by Tsar Nicholas II stopped persecution of evangelical Christians in Russia for a short time (1905)
  • WW2: Red Army begins Battle of Berlin (1945)
  • Virginia Tech massacre, the deadliest mass shooting in modern American history (2007)
  • Birth of Grace Livingstone Hill, prolific Christian author (1865)
  • Martin Luther arrived at the Diet of Worms where he would defend his “Ninety-Five Theses” and refuse to recant ‘unless overcome by Scripture’ (1521)
  • Masada, a Jewish fortress, falls to the Romans after several months of siege, ending the Jewish Revolt (73 AD)
  • US Civil War: US president Lincoln outlaws business with confederate states (1861)
  • Birth of Merrill C. Tenney, American New Testament scholar and dean of Wheaton College Graduate School in Illinois from 1947-71 (1904)
  • Vladimir Lenin issues his radical “April Theses” calling for Soviets to take power during Russian Revolution (1917)
  • Queen Anne of England knights Isaac Newton at Trinity College, Cambridge (1705)
  • Annie Oakley sets women’s record by breaking 100 clay targets in a row (1922)
  • A solar eclipse may have marked the return of Odysseus, legendary King of Ithaca, to his kingdom after the Trojan War (1178 BC)
  • The Treaty of Accession is signed in Athens admitting 10 new member states to the European Union (2003)
This entry was posted in Author Tamera Lynn Kraft, History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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