This Week in History 3/27 – 4/2

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

This Week in History

March 27:

  • President Andrew Johnson vetoes civil rights bill which later becomes 14th amendment (1866)
  • US Revolutionary War: Thomas Jefferson elected to the Continental Congress (1775)
  • Typhoid Mary, Mary Mallon, is arrested and returned to quarantine on North Brother Island, New York after spending five years evading health authorities and causing several further outbreaks of typhoid
  • Elizabeth Dirks, one of the first woman preachers of the reformation, was martyred by drowning (1549)
  • WW2: Children’s Aktion-Nazis collect all the Jewish children of Lovno (1944)
  • First Japanese cherry blossom trees planted in Washington, D.C. (1912)
  • Spaniard Juan Ponce de León and his expedition first sight Florida (1513)
  • WW2: General Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken (1945)
  • First long-distance telephone call from Boston to New York (1884)
  • First successful blood transfusion (1914)
  • 583 die in aviation’s worst ever disaster when two Boeing 747s collide at Tenerife airport (1977)
  • Charles I, King Of England, Scotland & Ireland, ascends English throne (1625)
  • The modern shoelace, string and shoe holes, invented in England (1790)
  • WW2: Japan leaves League of Nations (1933)
  • The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates (1794)
  • Archbishop Joseph Francis Rummel ordered all Roman Catholic schools in the New Orleans diocese to end segregation (1962)
  • Steve McQueen makes his network TV debut in Goodyear Playhouse (1955)
  • First Mormon temple dedicated in Kirtland, Ohio (1836)
  • Lillian Trasher, missionary to Egypt known as Mother of the Nile, left Egypt by order of the British government but returned 10 years later (1919)
  • Andrew Rankin patents the urinal (1866)
  • Nikita Khrushchev becomes Soviet Premier as well as First Secretary of the Communist Party (1958)

March 28:

  • Worst accident in the history of the U.S. nuclear power industry begins when a pressure valve in the Unit-2 reactor at Three Mile Island fails to close (1979)
  • New York State abolishes slavery (1799)
  • Palm Sunday tornado outbreak of 1920 affects the Great Lakes region and Deep South states (1920)
  • The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power. (1946)
  • Bethel African Methodist Church of Philadelphia becomes first African church in US (1796)
  • Senate censures US President Andrew Jackson for taking federal deposits from Bank of US (1834)
  • First ambulance goes into service (1866)
  • US Salvation Army officially organized (1885)
  • “Greatest Show On Earth” was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey (1881)
  • Jews are expelled from Tel Aviv & Jaffa by Turkish authorities (1917)
  • Roman Emperor Caligula accepts the titles of the Principate (37 AD)
  • Nathaniel Briggs patents a washing machine (1797)
  • Paris is sacked by Viking raiders (845 AD)
  • Mexican American War: Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US (1845)
  • Birth of Bill Gaither, contemporary Gospel songwriter and vocal artist (1936)
  • Scottish Parliament passed the Rescissory Act to overthrow Presbyterianism and restore the Anglican episcopacy to Scotland (1661)

March 29:

  • Vietnam War: US troops withdraw from Vietnam (1974)
  • John Winthrop, first governor of Massachusetts Colony, sets sail for America (1630)
  • Construction is authorized of the Great National Pike, better known as the Cumberland Road, becoming the first United States federal highway (1806)
  • Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam (1848)
  • First Swedish colonists in America established a Lutheran settlement at Fort Christiana in the Colony of Delaware (1638)
  • Beethoven debuts as pianist in Vienna (1795)
  • Congress first approves building of Lincoln Memorial (1867)
  • WW2: Movie star Jimmy Stewart is promoted to full colonel, one of the few Americans to rise from private to colonel in four years (1945)
  • Republic of Switzerland forms (1798)
  • Julius & Ethel Rosenberg are convicted of spying for the Russians (1951)
  • The Republic of Ireland becomes the first country in the world to ban smoking in all work places, including bars and restaurants (2004)
  • Ohio makes it illegal for children under 18 & women to work more than 10 hours a day (1852)
  • Thousands of Whites massacred in Haiti (1804)
  • 23rd Amendment to the US Constitution ratified, allowing Washington, D.C. residents to vote in presidential elections (1961)
  • 20,000 attend Ludwig Von Beethoven’s burial in Vienna (1827)
  • Birth of Winfield Scott Weeden, hymn writer and author of I Surrender All who led music and singing schools for the YMCA and Christian Endeavor (1847)
  • 8 Ohio National Guardsmen indicted for shooting 4 Kent State students (1976)

March 30:

  • 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race (1870)
  • First recorded passage of Halley’s Comet (240 BC)
  • All imperial lands, as well as lands belonging to monasteries, were confiscated by the Russian provisional government (1917)
  • US buys Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000, 2 cents an acre, criticized as Seward’s Folly (1867)
  • US President Reagan shot & wounded by John W Hinckley III (1981)
  • US Civil War: Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union (1870)
  • Ether used as an anesthetic for first time (1842)
  • Congress combined East & West Florida into Florida Territory (1812)
  • Pencil with attached eraser patented (1858)
  • Florida territorial government established (1870)
  • WW2: Defecting German pilot delivers a Messerschmidt Me 262A-1 to Americans (1945)
  • Vietnam War: North Vietnamese troops enter South Vietnam (1972)
  • Birth of Moses Maimonides, medieval Jewish scholar (1135)
  • Gandhi announces resistance against Rowlatt Act allowing incarceration without trial in India (1919)
  • Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India (1959)

March 31:

  • Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy, New Jersey becomes the first black to vote in US (1870)
  • WW2: German Republic gives power to Hitler (1933)
  • Vietnam War: President Johnson denies further action in Vietnam (1965)
  • The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt (1822)
  • Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris, tallest man-made structure for 41 years (1889)
  • US Civil War: Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (1861)
  • First daylight savings time in US goes into effect (1918)
  • Vietnam War: US orders the first combat troops to Vietnam (1965)
  • During British Civil War, English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines (1657)
  • Ferdinand and Isabella banished all Jews from Spain who did not convert to Christianity (1492)
  • Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade (1146)

April 1:

  • English pranksters begin popularizing the annual tradition of April Fools’ Day by playing practical jokes on each other (1700)
  • Steve Wozniak and Steve Jobs found Apple Computer in the garage of Jobs’ parents house in Cupertino, California (1976)
  • Samuel Morey patents internal combustion engine (1826)
  • US Air Force Academy forms (1954)
  • Hampton Normal and Agricultural Institute, in Washington DC. opened to train and teach freed slaves (1868)
  • Ayatollah Khomeini calls for an Islamic Republic in Iran (1974)
  • US Civil War: First wartime conscription law in US goes into effect (1863)
  • WW2: Nazi Germany begins persecution of Jews by boycotting Jewish businesses (1933)
  • US Civil War: Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee’s army (1865)
  • US President Richard Nixon signs bill limiting cigarette advertisements (1970)
  • WW2: US forces invade Okinawa (1945)
  • WW2: Nazis forbid Jews access to cafés (1941)
  • WW2: Heinrich Himmler becomes Police Commander of Germany (1933)
  • Bonnie & Clyde kill 2 police officers turning public against them (1934)
  • US Supreme Court rules jurors cannot be barred from serving due to race (1991)
  • US Civil War: Shenandoah Valley campaign (1862)
  • First Jewish immigrants to Israel disembark at Port of Eilat (1947)
  • First radio tube made of metal announced (1935)
  • US Navy takes over Treasure Island in San Francisco Bay (1941)
  • Weight Watchers forms (1946)
  • Cotton Mather’s four-day-old son dies, and witchcraft is blamed (1693)
  • International Exhibition opens in Paris (1867)
  • First dish washing machine marketed (1889)
  • New Orleans businessman Oliver Pollock creates the “$” symbol (1778)
  • Ruins of Pompeii rediscovered by Spaniard Rocque Joaquin de Alcubierre (1748)

April 2:

  • Assemblies of God organized (1914)
  • Mordecai Ham, evangelist who led Billy Graham to Christ, was born (1877)
  • “Electric Theatre”, the first full-time movie theater in the United States, opens in Los Angeles, California (1902)
  • The Coinage Act is passed establishing the United States Mint and authorizing the $10 Eagle, $5 half-Eagle & 2.50 quarter-Eagle gold coins & silver dollar, ½ dollar, quarter, dime & half-dime (1792)
  • US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia (1865)
  • WW1: US President Wilson asks Congress to declare war against Germany (1917)
  • Explorer Juan Ponce de León claims Florida for Spain as the first known European to reach Florida (1513)
  • Jeannette Rankin begins her term as first woman member of US House of Representatives (1917)
  • Vietnam War: Thousands of civilian refugees flee from the Quang Ngai Province in front of advancing North Vietnamese troops (1975)
  • Albert Einstein lectures in New York City on his new “Theory of Relativity” (1921)
  • First Easter egg roll held on White House lawn (1877)
  • Charles Lindbergh turns over $50,000 as ransom for kidnapped son (1932)
  • 4 US passengers killed by bomb at TWA counter Athens Airport Greece (1986)
  • London prison for debtors closed (1884)
  • Mills Committee declares baseball was invented by Abner Doubleday (1908)
  • Teenage girl strikes out Babe Ruth & Lou Gehrig in an exhibition game in Chattanooga, Tennessee (1931)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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