This Week in History 3/13-3/19

This Week in History

March 13:

  • US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (1865)
  • Uncle Sam cartoon figure made its debut in the NY Lantern weekly (1852)
  • Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico (1519)
  • William Herschel sees what he thinks is a “comet” but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus (1781)
  • Clyde Tombaugh announces discovery of Pluto at Lowell Observatory (1930)
  • Senate begins US President Andrew Johnson’s impeachment trial (1868)
  • WW2: Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight (1943)
  • The Butler Law in Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach anything but creationism (1925)
  • Great Blizzard of 1888 rages (1888)
  • US adopts Standard Time (1884)
  • American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday (1933)
  • Cambridge College renamed Harvard for clergyman John Harvard (1639)

March 14:

  • Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin (1794)
  • Jack Ruby sentenced to death for murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the murderer of JFK (1964)
  • JFK’s body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial (1967)
  • On board HMS Monarch, his own flagship, British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty (1757)
  • War of 1812: Congress authorizes war bonds to finance the war (1812)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (1821)
  • WW2: Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies (1941)
  • By Presidential order, the US excludes Japanese laborers from entering the country (1907)
  • John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation (1913)
  • FBI’s “10 Most Wanted Fugitives” program begins (1950)

March 15:

  • US Revolutionary War: In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy; the threatened coup never takes place (1783)
  • Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March (44 BC)
  • First US presidential press conference by Woodrow Wilson (1913)
  • The first Internet domain name, is registered (1985)
  • Maine admitted as 23rd US state (1820)
  • WW2: Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest (1940)
  • Five research groups announce the discovery of anti-matter (1962)
  • First escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (1892)
  • Cleveland establishes first small claims court (1913)
  • First state contraceptive clinic opens in Raleigh NC (1937)
  • Pluto again becomes outermost planet (1999)

March 16:

  • Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king (597 AD)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler orders German rearmament in violation of The Treaty of Versailles (1935)
  • US Civil War: Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (1861)
  • First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery (1867)
  • Law signed to establish US Military Academy in West Point, New York (1802)
  • Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Massachusetts (1621)
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter published (1850)
  • Mississippi House of Representatives formally abolishes slavery & ratifies 13th Amendment (1995)
  • Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts (1881)
  • US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross (1882)
  • Holy spirit glides above fire in “the miracle of Amsterdam” (1345)
  • Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15 (1995)

March 17:

  • Saint Patrick, missionary to Ireland, died (461 AD)
  • Saint Patrick aged 16 is carried off to Ireland as a slave (432 AD)
  • Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi when 20 African Americans are killed (1886)
  • Golda Meir becomes Israel’s 4th Prime Minister (1969)
  • Amanda Berry, evangelist and song writer who was born a slave, become a Christian (1856)
  • Texas abolishes slavery for a short time (1836)
  • John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island (1898)
  • Portuguese navigator Ferdinand Magellan reaches the Philippines (1521)
  • Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London (1845)
  • First St. Patrick’s Day celebration held in United States (1737)
  • WW2: General Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander (1942)
  • At a show in Paris 71 Vincent van Gogh paintings cause a sensation, 11 years after his death (1901)
  • Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed (1861)

March 18:

  • Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem (1229)
  • US Civil War: Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time (1865)
  • WW2: Benito Mussolini joins Hitler in Germany’s war against France & Britain (1940)
  • Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space (1965)
  • First free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists (1990)
  • President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC (1875)
  • 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox (1942)
  • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights (1874)
  • US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill (1959)
  • According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date (1325)
  • Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone (1882)
  • Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering (1899)
  • British magistrates in India sentence Mahatma Gandhi to 6 years imprisonment for disobedience (1922)
  • Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar, is burned at the stake by King Philip IV of France (1314)
  • Largest art robbery in US history: 13 works of art worth over $500 million are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston (1990)

March 19:

  • US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time (1918)
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England (1628)
  • WW2: FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty (1942)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler issues “Nero Decree” to destroy all German factories (1945)
  • Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city (1822)
  • Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention (1969)
  • Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins (2003)
  • US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant (1920)
  • WW2: 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan (1945)
  • First US bank robbery (1831)
  • 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor (1644)
  • Pluto photographed for first time (1915)
  • 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor (1644)
  • US Civil War: Confederate cruiser SS Georgiana destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, and medicines then valued over $1,000,000. Wreck discovered exactly 102 years later by teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence (1863)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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