This Week in History 2/20 – 2/26

Historyby Tamera Lynn Kraft

This Week in History

February 20:

  • John Glenn is first American to orbit Earth (1962)
  • Kepler-37b, the smallest known exoplanet, is discovered (2013)
  • US Postal Service Act creating US Postal Service is signed by President George Washington (1792)
  • Death of Kathryn Kuhlman (1946)
  • WW2: American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies (1943)
  • Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin (1872)
  • Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags (1872)
  • Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine (1872)
  • First territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes (1901)
  • State of Prussia ceases to exist (1947)
  • WW2: Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation (1901)
  • WW2: Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers (1944)
  • Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis (1869)
  • Rutherford, author Apology of Divine Grace which refuted salvation based on works, was exiled from England (1636)
  • New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (1872)

February 21:

  • Francis Crick and James Watson discover structure of DNA-molecule (1953)
  • US Congress passes Presidential Succession Act (1792)
  • US Congress resolves establishment of a US mint (1782)
  • Washington Monument dedicated (1885)
  • First known sewing machine patented in US (1842)
  • Freedom of worship was established in France under the constitution that came out of the French Revolution (1795)
  • Eric Liddell, Olympic champion runner from the film Chariots of Fire who later became missionary to China and was captured by the Japanese during WWII, died of a brain tumor while still imprisoned (1945)
  • Joan of Arc’s first day of interrogation during her trial for heresy (1430)
  • The Prussian Confederation is formed (1440)
  • NC Legislature, adjourns for day to mark death of Frederick Douglass (1895)
  • Rights activist Malcolm X is shot dead by Nation of Islam followers at Audubon Ballroom in New York City (1965)
  • Watergate figures John Mitchell, H. R. Haldeman & John D Ehrlichman sentenced to prison terms for conspiracy and obstruction of justice (1975)
  • Richard Nixon becomes 1st US president to visit China (1972)
  • Oregon becomes first US state to make Labor Day a holiday (1887)
  • Alka Seltzer introduced (1931)
  • First American Indian newspaper in US, Cherokee Phoenix, published (1828)
  • World’s Fair in San Francisco opens (1915)
  • Walter Taylor, missionary to railroad men and miners in Colorado and at the Old Brewery Mission in Montreal, gave his life to Christ after his Christian wife died (1896)
  • British poet Robert Southwell was hanged and quartered for treason for being a Catholic (1595)
  • Ranavalona II, ruler of Madagascar, and her court converted to Christianity ending decades of persecution (1869)
  • Jackson 5 make TV debut on American Bandstand (1970)
  • Camera exposure meter patented (1932)
  • Jimmy Swaggert admitted to visiting a prostitute and announced he would be leaving his ministry for an unspecified length of time (1988)

February 22:

  • Black evangelist William J. Seymour first arrived in Los Angeles and began holding revival meetings which, latter that year, broke out into the Azuza Street Revival (1906)
  • Dolly the Sheep, world’s first cloned mammal, is announced by the Roslin Institute in Scotland (1997)
  • Indians introduce pilgrims to popcorn (1930)
  • Russia & Britain establish Alaska-Canada boundary (1825)
  • Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery (1865)
  • President Cleveland signs bill to admit Dakotas, Montana, and Washington as US states (1889)
  • WW2: President Franklin Roosevelt orders General Douglas MacArthur out of the Philippines as American defenses collapse (1942)
  • WW2: Members of White Rose, a nonviolent resistance group, are executed in Nazi Germany (1943)
  • Hawaii becomes US territory (1900)
  • Due to drought the US side of Niagara Falls runs short of water (1903)
  • Johns Hopkins University opens (1876)
  • First national meeting of Republican Party (1856)
  • Airplanes are no longer permitted to fly over the White House (1935)
  • Vietnam War: 25,000 US & South Vietnamese troops launch Operation Junction City against Viet Cong. Largest US airborne assult since WWII (1967)
  • First national convention of Prohibition Party in Columbus Ohio (1872)
  • It Happened One Night starring Clark Gable premieres in New York City (1935)

February 23:

  • Polycarp, the last church leader personally taught by the apostles whose mentor was John the Apostle, was burned at the stake (155 AD)
  • Johannes Gutenberg prints his first book, Bible (1455)
  • The Great Persecution by Roman Emperor Diocletian begins when Christians were dragged off and tortured them to death, employing the rack, the scourge, slow fires, crucifixion, and many other barbarities (303 AD)
  • First mass inoculation against polio with Salk vaccine (1954)
  • Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg (1941)
  • Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders (1998)
  • WW2: US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima depicted by a famous photo and later a statue in the Marine Corps War Memorial (1945)
  • 13 day siege of the Alamo begins (1836)
  • US Civil War: Mississippi is readmitted to US (1870)
  • Boston, Massachusetts, is incorporated as a city (1822)
  • Walt Disney’s animated movie Pinocchio released (1940)
  • WW1: First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser’s German troops near Narva and Pskov (1918)
  • Vietnam War: US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War (1967)
  • Wilt Chamberlain becomes first NBAer to score 25,000 points (1968)
  • Gulf War: US insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST (1991)
  • Nevada enforces convenient divorce law (1915)
  • Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield (1896)
  • WW2: Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini (1919)
  • President Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (1927)
  • Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for first time (1995)

February 24:

  • Pope Gregory XIII issued a bull that Catholic nations accept the Gregorian Calendar and that October 4th be followed by October 15th that year to make the calendar in sync with the rotation of the Earth (1582)
  • First official Roman edict for persecution of Christians issued by Emperor Diocletian officially beginning the Great Persecution (303 AD)
  • US House of Representatives vote 126 to 47 to impeach President Andrew Johnson (1868)
  • US Supreme Court 1st rules a law unconstitutional – Marbury v Madison (1803)
  • Arizona Territory created (1863)
  • WW1: German plan to get Mexican help in the war is exposed when the Zimmerman Telegram is intercepted (1917)
  • Britain’s Prince Charles announces engagement to Lady Diana Spencer (1981)
  • Israel & Egypt sign an armistice agreement (1949)
  • Communist Party seizes complete control of Czechoslovakia (1948)
  • Antibaptists voted to accept a confession of faith now known as the Schleitheim Confession (1527)
  • St Francis of Assisi, 26, received his vocation in Portiuncula Italy (1208)
  • King Ethelbert of Kent in England, who was converted to Christianity by St. Augustine, died (616 AD)
  • Mahatma Gandhi released from jail (1924)
  • South Africa announces it is constructing largest modern day blimp (1997)
  • Mass arrests of the mafia in the US (1923)
  • WW2: The “Battle of Los Angeles” takes place (1942)

February 25:

  • First cabinet meeting takes place at George Washington’s home in Mount Vernon (1793)
  • Hiram R. Revels, Republican senator from Mississippi, is sworn in as the first African American member of Congress (1870)
  • Samuel Colt patents 1st revolving barrel multi-shot firearm (1836)
  • The 16th Amendment to the US Constitution becomes law providing the legal basis for the institution of a graduated income tax (1913)
  • League of Nations set up by Paris Treaty (1919)
  • US Civil War: Paper currency, greenbacks, introduced in US by Pres Abraham Lincoln (1862)
  • US Congress passes first federal quarantine legislation (1799)
  • First Bank of US chartered (1791)
  • Elizabeth I of England was excommunicated by Pope Pius V for her severe persecution of Roman Catholics in England, the last such judgment made against a reigning monarch by any pope (1570)
  • First use of “insanity plea” to prove innocence (1859)
  • WW2: Immigrant Adolf Hitler gets German citizenship (1932)
  • Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 marks (1923)
  • The Baptist General Tract Society was organized (1824)
  • Pioneer missionary Eduard L. Arndt first arrived in Shanghai, China, 10 months after having founded the Evangelical Lutheran Missions for China (1913)
  • First performing monkey exhibited in America (1751)

February 26:

  • 15th Amendment guaranteeing right to vote, regardless of race, color, or former servitude, sent to states to ratify (1969)
  • WW2: German Luftwaffe is re-formed under Reichsmarshall Hermann Goering (1935)
  • WW2: First female US navy captain, Sue Dauser of nurse corps, appointed (1945)
  • Spanish Inquisition delivers injunction to Galileo (1616)
  • Marx & Engels publish Communist Manifesto (1848)
  • Second tallest building in world, NYC World Trade Center, bombed (1993)
  • Last total eclipse of Sun in 20th century for continental US (1979)
  • Congress forms Grand Canyon National Park in Arizona (1919)
  • Grand Tetons National Park established (1929)
  • Golden Gate Bridge ground-breaking ceremony held at Crissy Field (1933)
  • Acadia National Park forms in Maine (1919)
  • WW2: Trial against Hitler in Munich begins (1924)
  • First red & green traffic lights installed in Manhattan (1930)
  • WW2: Italian nationalist & fascists merge, blue-shirts & black-shirts (1919)
  • Napoleon Bonaparte & his supporters leave Elba to start a 100-day re-conquest of France (1815)
  • Gandhi supports the African People’s Organizations resolution to declare the day of arrival of the Prince of Wales in South Africa as a day of mourning in protest against the South Africa Acts disenfranchisement of Indians, Coloreds and Africans in the upcoming Union of South Africa (1910)
This entry was posted in Author Tamera Lynn Kraft, History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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