Today in History 2/13 – 2/19

HistoryToday in History

February 13:

  • Abraham Lincoln declared president of the United States (1861)
  • The last original Peanuts comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies (2000)
  • Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls (1955)
  • US Civil War: First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor in Arizona (1861)
  • First US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris in Cleveland, Ohio (1935)
  • Barbie doll goes on sale (1959)
  • Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from USSR (1974)
  • WW2: Women’s Marine Corps created (1943)
  • British Parliament adopts the Bill of Rights which establishes the rights of parliament and places limits on the crown (1689)
  • Longest sentence published by New York Times-1286 words (1981)
  • Moving picture projector patented (1895)
  • The American Temperance Society, later renamed the American Temperance Union, was organized in Boston (1826)
  • Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun (1633)
  • Johann Strauss’ “Blue Danube” waltz premieres in Vienna (1867)
  • Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo (1651)
  • Jesse James holds up his first bank, Liberty, Missouri (1866)
  • Death of Lloyd C. Douglas, Congregational clergyman and novelist (1951)
  • The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093 (2004)
  • Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour (1837)

February 14:

  • Valentine was martyred (269 AD)
  • Chief Justice John Marshall declares that any act of U.S. Congress that conflicts with the Constitution is void (1809)
  • First “micro on a chip” patented by Texas Instrument (1978)
  • A G Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents; Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor (1876)
  • Russian-born English chemist and Zionist leader Chaim Weizmann was elected first president of the modern state of Israel (1949)
  • St Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone’s orders (1929)
  • US President Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in White House (1971)
  • Theodore Roosevelt’s wife and mother die on the same day (1884)
  • Oregon admitted as 33rd US state (1849)
  • Arizona was admitted as the 48th US state (1912)
  • Slavic apostle, Cyril, was martyred (869 AD)
  • Bruno, missionary to Prussia, was martyred by Prussians (1009)
  • Richard Allen, the first black ordained in the Methodist Episcopal Church and founder of the African Methodist Episcopal Church, was born in slavery (1760)
  • James Knox Polk becomes first serving US President to have his photograph taken (1849)
  • US first lady Jacqueline Kennedy conducts White House tour on TV (1962)
  • Henry Ware was confirmed as the first Unitarian professor to teach at Harvard University causing Congregationalist teachers to withdraw (1805)
  • US Congress begins using voting machines (1899)
  • UPS forms (1919)
  • U.S. Rabbinical Assembly of Conservative Judaism announced their decision to begin accepting women as rabbis (1985)
  • First Serbian Uprising against the Ottoman Empire (1804)
  • Lt. John C. Frémont becomes first European to discover Lake Tahoe in the US (1844)
  • Galena, first US iron-clad warship for service at sea, launched (1862)
  • Morehouse College organizes (1867)
  • Venus is both a morning star & evening star (1894)
  • Release of first Dracula movie (1931)
  • $3.6 million heroin seizure in NYC (1959)

February 15:

  • Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Court (1879)
  • Black abolitionists invade Boston courtroom rescuing a fugitive slave (1851)
  • US Civil War: Charges of Treason against Confederate President Jefferson Davis are dropped (1869)
  • Battleship Maine explodes (1898)
  • Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston (1848)
  • President-elect Franklin Roosevelt survives assassination attempt (1933)
  • New Jersey becomes last northern state to abolish slavery (1804)
  • Jogaila, king of the Lithuania, the last heathen nation in Europe, was converted to Christianity and baptized as the first Lithuanian known Christian (1386)
  • St. Louis, Missouri founded as a French trading post by Pierre Laclade Ligue (1764)
  • Walt Disney’s Cinderella released (1950)
  • First Teddy Bear introduced in America named after Theodore Roosevelt (1903)
  • The Boy Scouts of America founded (1910)
  • WW2: Hitler announces building of Volkswagens (1936)
  • First adhesive postage stamps in US (1842)
  • Wheaton College was chartered in Illinois under Methodist sponsorship (1860)
  • Lewis Wallace, the author of Ben Hur, died (1905)
  • Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth (399 BC)

February 16:

  • Pamphilius, church scholar who saved accurate copies of Scripture and records of church history, was beheaded for refusing to worship idols and renounce Christ (309 AD)
  • Pope Gregory the Great decrees saying “God bless You” is the correct response to a sneeze (600 AD)
  • WW1: US rejects the right of Germany and Austria-Hungary to sink armed merchant ships (1916)
  • WW1: The German ambassador in Washington announces that Germany will pay an indemnity for American lives lost on the Lusitania (1916)
  • Fidel Castro names himself Cuba’s premier after overthrowing Batista (1959)
  • American Charles Wilkes discovers Shackleton Ice Shelf, Antarctica (1840)
  • WW2: Catholic newspaper, Germania, warns against Nazis/communists (1933)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church officially separated from its parent, the Methodist Episcopal Church (1801)
  • Elvis Presley receives gold record for How Great Thou Art (1968)
  • Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen’s tomb and finds the sarcophagus (1923)
  • Kentucky passes law permitting women to attend school under conditions (1838)
  • Former silver Goodyear blimps are now painted yellow & blue (1992)
  • US Civil War: Fort Donelson is captured by General Ulysses S. Grant following the surrender of around 12,000 Confederate soldiers (1862)
  • Ladies Home Journal begins publishing (1883)
  • Philip Schwarzerd, known as the brains behind the Protestant Reformation, was born (1497)
  • First patent for a tree issued to James Markham for a peach tree (1932)
  • First known cheque, £400 (1659)
  • China announces it will relocate 9,000 people in Guizhou province, before completion of world’s largest telescope – FAST, designed to look for extraterrestrial life (2016)

February 17:

  • US House of Representatives breaks electoral college tie when it chooses Thomas Jefferson president over Burr (1801)
  • Myles Standish is elected as the first commander of the Plymouth Colony (1621)
  • US Civil War: Mississippi becomes 9th Confederate state readmitted to US (1870)
  • Golda Meir, nee Mabovitch, was sworn in as Israel’s first female prime minister (1969)
  • Esther Morris appointed first female in Justice of the Peace in the United States (1870)
  • Giordano Bruno became the last heretic to be burned at the stake by the Roman Inquisition (1591)
  • Billy Sunday, baseball player-turned-preacher, made his first appearance as an evangelist in Chicago (1889)
  • The world’s first superhero, The Phantom, makes his first appearance in comics (1936)
  • Waldensians, fiercely persecuted and martyred for centuries, were  guaranteed of civil and religious rights (1858)
  • U.S. Supreme Court declared unconstitutional an act of the Virginia Legislature which denied property rights to Protestant Episcopal churches in the state ruling that religious corporations have rights to their property (1815)
  • US Civil War: Columbia, South Carolina burns to the ground (1865)
  • 6-week study of Arctic atmosphere shows no ozone “hole” (1989)
  • Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian II agrees to pay tribute to the Ottoman Empire for peace (1568)
  • British Parliament votes to join European Common Market (1972)

February 18:

  • Pilgrim’s Progress by John Bunyan, the most popular Christian book next to the Bible, was published (1678)
  • Four Quakers in Germantown, Pennsylvania wrote a protest against enslavement of blacks known as the Germantown Protest (1688)
  • US astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovers Pluto (1930)
  • US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis inaugurated at Montgomery, Alabama (1861)
  • Infamous Lincoln County War in New Mexico ignites after a murder (1874)
  • Spanish Jesuits in the Chesapeake Bay area were martyred by the Indians they had come six months earlier to convert (1571)
  • Crash during Daytona 500 race on last lap claims life of Dale Earnhardt (2001)
  • Mark Twain publishes the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885)
  • Space Shuttle Enterprise above a Boeing 747 goes on its maiden flight (1977)
  • H Cecil Booth patented a dust removing suction cleaner (1901)
  • First US postage stamps in rolls issued (1908)
  • The first Academy Awards are announced (1929)
  • FBI agent Robert Hanssen is arrested for spying for the Soviet Union (2001)
  • King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia becomes first King of Italy (1861)

February 19:

  • Vice President Aaron Burr arrested in Alabama for treason, later acquitted (1807)
  • Alexander Mack, founder of the Dunkards aka German Baptists several American Brethren denominations, died (1735)
  • WW2: US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines (1945)
  • Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith (1856)
  • Thomas Edison patents gramophone (1878)
  • Death of Miles Coverdale, translator and publisher of the first complete Bible to be printed in English (1768)
  • Donner Party rescued after practicing cannibalism to stay alive (1847)
  • US Congress votes to make Ohio 17th state (1803)
  • Texas state government formally installed in Austin (!846)
  • Kansas becomes first state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages (1881)
  • Tornadoes in Miss, Ala, NC, SC, Tenn, Ky & In kill 800 people (1884)
  • Emperor Constantius II shuts all heathen temples (356 AD)
  • An Oklahoma City bombing museum is dedicated at the Oklahoma City National Memorial (2001)
  • Congregational missionaries Adoniram and Ann Judson, first sailed from New England to Calcutta, India (1812)
  • WW2: Presidential Executive Order 9066 began placing 100,000 persons of Japanese ancestry into ten “relocation centers” (1942)
  • Typhoid Mary, Mary Mallon, is freed from her first periods of forced isolation and goes on to cause several further outbreaks of typhoid in the New York area (1910)
  • Medieval Iconoclastic Controversy ends as a council in Constantinople formally reinstated the veneration of icons in the churches (842 AD)
  • First prize inserted into a Cracker Jack box (1913)
  • Keith Kellogg and Charles D. Bolin found the Battle Creek Toasted Corn Flake Company which is now the multinational food manufacturer Kellogg’s (1906)
  • Russian Tsar Alexander II abolishes serfdom (1861)
This entry was posted in Author Tamera Lynn Kraft, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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