Today in History 1/30 – 2/5

HistoryToday in History

January 30:

  • Martin Luther King Jr.s home bombed (1956)
  • Burned US Library of Congress reestablished with Thomas Jefferson’s 6500 volumes (1815)
  • US Revolutionary War: Boston preacher Jonathan Mayhew delivered a sermon entitled, Discourse Concerning Unlimited Submission which attacked both the divine right of kings and ecclesiastical absolutism and called for the repeal of the Stamp Act which contributed the the Stamp Act rebellion (1750)
  • King Charles I of England was beheaded after 5 years of civil war (1645)
  • WW2: President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany (1933)
  • WW2: Hitler proclamation on German Unified States (1934)
  • Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne is published (1873)
  • Lone Ranger begins a 21-year run on ABC radio (1933)
  • Bathilde, a Christian slave who rose to become queen and regent of France and worked to end slavery in France, died (680 AD)
  • Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England and the man who had King Charles I executed, is ritually executed after having been dead for two years (1661)
  • Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse (1948)
  • Richard Lawrence misfires at President Andrew Jackson in Washington, D.C. in first attempted assassination of a US President (1835)
  • WW2: Hitler threatens the Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (1939)
  • Bell chimes invented (1487)
  • The Beatles perform their last live gig, a 42 minute concert on the roof of Apple Corps HQ in London (1969)

January 31:

  • US Civil War: First black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army (1863)
  • US Civil War: General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies (1865)
  • Ham the chimpanzee is first primate in space, 158 miles, aboard Mercury/Redstone 2 (1961)
  • Three missionaries in Columbia were kidnapped by armed guerillas from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia known as FARC who demanded a ransom for their return and latter killed them (1993)
  • After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1846)
  • The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations (1876)
  • Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter (1906)
  • US Civil War: State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (1861)
  • Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk (1851)
  • John Mott, founder of Student Volunteer Mission and author of The Evangelization of the World in This Generation, died at 89 years old (1955)
  • Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B, first known white dwarf star, while testing his new telescope (1862)
  • WW2: Private Eddie Slovik becomes the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion and the only one who suffered such a fate during World War II (1945)

February 1:

  • Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard (2003)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma, Alabama (1965)
  • American missionaries Charles and Lettie Cowman, founders of the Oriental Missions Society, sailed for Japan (1901)
  • US Supreme Court convenes for first time (1790)
  • Harriet Tubman is first black woman honored on a US postage stamp (1978)
  • Thomas Edison completes worlds first movie studio in West Orange, New Jersey (1893)
  • WW2: Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini (1923)
  • 4 students stage first civil rights sit-in in Greensboro North Carolina at Woolworth’s (1960)
  • Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives (1977)
  • Vietnam War: Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon. (1968)
  • US Civil War: Texas secedes from the Union (1861)
  • Julia Howe publishes Battle Hymn of Republic (1862)
  • Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (1587)
  • Oxford English Dictionary debuts (1884)
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile (1979)
  • Diana, Princess of Wales visits New York City (1989)

February 2:

  • Radio Shack officially begins creating TRS-80 computer (1977)
  • Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization (1901)
  • Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km (1925)
  • WW2: 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the Reichstag-Parliament (1933)
  • WW2: Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries (1932)
  • Giovanni da Plano Carpini set out for the heart of Mongol Asia to deliver the Gospel to Genghis Khan (1246)
  • The first formal church youth organization, The Christian Endeavor, was established (1881)
  • Ethyl gasoline first marketed, Dayton, Ohio (1923)
  • New Amsterdam becomes a city, later renamed New York (1653)
  • WW2: LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans (1942)
  • Frank Sinatra’s singing debut in Indianapolis with Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (1940)
  • B.B. King’s 3 O’Clock Blues hits #1 on the US Billboard’s R&B hit parade to become his first national hit (1952)
  • WW2: Allied troops first set foot on Japanese territory (1944)
  • A British ship rescued marooned sailor Juan Fernandez from the Chilean island where he had been for 5 years inspiring the world’s first true narrative novel, Robinson Crusoe.(1709)
  • Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise (1863)
  • Al Capone sent to prison for tax evasion (1932)
  • Great Awakening preacher Henry Alline, known as “the Whitefield of Nova Scotia.”, died at age 36 (1784)
  • US Congressional Black Caucus organizes (1971)
  • First ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco (1848)
  • WW2: US auto factories switch from commercial to war production (1942)
  • President Eisenhower holds first televised presidential news conference (1955)
  • 3 men dance Charleston for 22 hours (1926)
  • Queen Victoria’s funeral (1901)
  • Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote to become dictator of Uganda (1971)
  • WW2: German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad (1943)
  • First movie close-up, of a sneeze, at Edison Studio, West Orange, New Jersey (1893)
  • GI Joe debuts (1964)

February 3:

  • WW2: After the ship the Dorchester was torpedoed by German U-boats, 4 chaplains encouraged and prayed with the men as they handed out life jackets and when the supply of life jackets ran out the chaplains gave the men their own and drowned while linking arms and praying (1943)
  • In Columbus, Ohio, a fellowship of independent Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational and United Brethren churches organized into a separate Protestant denomination known as the Christian Union (1864)
  • 16th Amendment allowing federal income tax is ratified (1913)
  • WW2: German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts (1933)
  • First Groundhog Day (1884)
  • WW2: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands (1944)
  • US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours (1941)
  • “The Day the Music Died” plane crash kills musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, J. P. Richardson, and pilot near Clear Lake, Iowa (1959)
  • President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs (1962)
  • WW2: Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin (1945)
  • US Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes US independence (1783)
  • Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges (1950)
  • Whig Party holds its first national convention (1836)
  • Philadelphia establishes a “pesthouse” to quarantine immigrants (1743)
  • Mass execution of population, between 2,500 and 5,000, of Cesena, Italy (1377)
  • Territory of Illinois, including present-day Wisconsin, organizes (1809)
  • Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire (1451)
  • First paper money in America issued (1690)
  • The Communist Party of Vietnam is established (1930)
  • World’s first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland (1815)

February 4:

  • John Rogers, who printed the first complete authorized English translation of the Bible completing Tyndale’s work, was burned at the stake as he became the first martyr of Bloody Mary’s reign (1555)
  • Mark Zuckerberg launches Facebook from his Harvard dormitory room (2004)
  • First US electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as President and Vice-President (1789)
  • Rhabanus Maurus, author of first accurate and complete set of encyclopedias, died (856 AD)
  • The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt (1859)
  • US Civil War: Confederate constitutional convention meets for first time and elects Jefferson Davis as the President of Confederacy (1861)
  • US Civil War: Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces
  • Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa (1822)
  • Tens of thousands of people are stranded by floods in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland (2012)
  • The Palestine National Congress appoints Yasser Arafat chairman of the PLO (1979)
  • Frances Havergal wrote Take My Life and Let It Be (1874)
  • WW2: USO founded (1941)
  • Shays’ Rebellion of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers fails (1787)
  • Patricia Hearst, daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, kidnapped by Symbionese Liberation Army (1974)
  • Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois, for settlement in the west (1846)
  • J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public (1824)

February 5:

  • Evangelist Dwight L. Moody was born during a blizzard (1837)
  • In Japan, General Toyotomi Hideyoshi crucified 26 Christians (1597)
  • Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16 degrees (1962)
  • A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 58 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 88 (2008)
  • Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island and champion of religious freedom, arrived in America (1631)
  • Separation of church & state begins in USSR (1918)
  • Great Awakening preachers John and Charles Wesley first arrived in America (1736)
  • Chicago Evangelization Society, forerunner of Moody Bible Institute, was founded on Moody’s 50th birthday (1887)
  • US population reaches 200 million (1969)
  • The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal (1900)
  • Articles of Confederation ratified by first state, South Carolina (1778)
  • Reader’s Digest magazine first published (1922)
  • US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggage (1972)
  • Georgia becomes first US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture which requires entire estates to go completely to first born male heir (1777)
  • Loop-the-loop centrifugal roller coaster patented by Ed Prescot (1901)
  • National Wildlife Federation forms (1936)
  • US Revolutionary War: Sweden recognizes US independence (1783)
  • Phoenix, Arizona incorporates (1881)
  • American occupation of Cuba ends (1904)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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