This Week in History 1/23 – 1/29

HistoryThis Week in History

January 23:

  • Vietnam War: US President Nixon announces an accord has been reached to end Vietnam War (1973)
  • Mrs Elizabeth Blackwell becomes first woman physician in US (1844)
  • 24th Amendment to the United States Constitution ratified, barring poll tax in federal elections (1964)
  • Israeli Knesset resolves Jerusalem is capital of Israel (1950)
  • Supreme Court rules cities & states have right to censor films (1961)
  • 20th amendment ratified changed date of US presidential inaugurations to 20th January (1933)
  • Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized (1845)
  • Shaanxi Earthquake, deadliest ever recorded kills 830,000 in Shensi Province, China (1556)
  • Miniseries “Roots” premieres on ABC (1977)
  • Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament (1647)
  • Blizzard delivers record snow to 80 US states, New York 30 inches of snow. Washington 28 inches at least 15 killed (2016)
  • French scientist and mathematician Blaise Pascal published the first of his 18 Provincial Lettres criticizing the morality of the Jesuits (1656)
  • Patent granted for an envelope-making machine (1849)
  • Clyde Tombaugh photographs planet Pluto (1930)
  • The first bridge over the Mississippi River opens in what is now Minneapolis, Minnesota, a crossing made today by the Father Louis Hennepin Bridge (1855)

January 24:

  • Winston Churchill dies (1965)
  • James Marshall discovers gold along the banks of Sutter’s Creek in California (1848)
  • First games played in baseball’s American League (1901)
  • General Baden-Powell starts Boy Scouts (1908)
  • WW2: Shoichi Yokoi, a Japanese sergeant, was discovered who was unaware that World War II had ended (1972)
  • Lord Baltimore’s representative Margaret Brent ejected from the Maryland Council after requesting right to vote (1648)
  • US Civil War: Arsenal at Augusta, Georgia, seized by Confederacy (1861)
  • Connecticut colony organizes under Fundamental Orders (1639)
  • Eskimo Pie patented by Christian K Nelson of Iowa (1922)
  • Claudius succeeds his nephew Caligula as Roman Emperor after his assassination by Praetorian Guards (41 AD)
  • Irene Ferrel, missionary in the Congo, was martyred by Marxist Jeunesse while awaiting air support to rescue her. Her fellow missionary, Ruth Hege, was wounded but survived. (1964)
  • Jackie Robinson is 1st African American elected to Baseball’s Hall of Fame (1962)
  • Edward Wigglesworth, a Unitarian, was commissioned to the Thomas Hollis chair as divinity professor, a move that moved Harvard toward liberalism (1722)
  • 28 refugees escape from East to West Germany (1962)
  • 24th Amendment to US Constitution goes into effect declaring states voting rights could not be denied due to failure to pay taxes (1964)
  • Rubber heel patented by Humphrey O’Sullivan (1899)
  • Lehman Caves National Monument established (1922)
  • Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established (1923)
  • Reverend Barbara C. Harris was confirmed as the first female bishop in the Anglican Church (1989)
  • Alfred Hitchcock releases his first film as director – The Pleasure Garden (1927)
  • The United States Department of Homeland Security officially begins operation (2003)

January 25:

  • Russia declared a republic of Soviets (1918)
  • World’s largest diamond found in South Africa (1905)
  • First Winter Olympics (1925)
  • US Revolutionary War: Americans drag cannon up hill to fight British at Gun Hill Road in the Bronx (1775)
  • American naval expedition under Charles Wilkes first to identify Antarctica as a new continent (1840)
  • Founding of League of Nations (1919)
  • Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows (1870)
  • Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company (1881)
  • Congress determines presidential election between Hayes-Tilden (1877)
  • 52 Americans held hostage by Iran for 444 days arrived back in US (1981)
  • Nellie Bly beats Phileas Fogg’s time around world by 80 days by making it in 72 days (1890)
  • Florence Tim-Oi Lee of Macao was ordained a priest in Kwangtung Province, China, the first ever ordained female Anglican clergyperson (1944)
  • Mendelssohn’s “Wedding March” first played, at wedding of Queen Victoria’s daughter Princess Victoria, to crown prince of Prussia (1858)
  • WW2: Nazi war criminal Klaus Barbie arrested in Bolivia (1983)

January 26:

  • The first General Assembly of the Church of God, the oldest Pentecostal denomination, convened (1906)
  • US Civil War: Lincoln issues General War Order #1, calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order (1862)
  • US Civil War: Louisiana secedes from the Union (1861)
  • US Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent known as the 54th Massachusetts Regiment (1863)
  • WW2: Nazi Germany & Poland sign 10-year non-aggression treaty (1934)
  • Executive Order 9981 ending racial segregation in US Armed Forces signed (1948)
  • Condoleezza Rice is sworn in as U.S. Secretary of State, becoming the first African American woman to hold the post (2005)
  • US Civil War: Lincoln issues General War Order #1 calling for a Union offensive, General George McClellan ignores order (1862)
  • Chicago Blizzard strikes with a record 23 inches of snow fall causing 800 buses and 50,000 automobiles to be abandoned (1967)
  • First public demonstration of television by John Logie Baird in his laboratory in London (1926)
  • Isaac Newton receives Jean Bernoulli’s 6 month time-limit problem, solves problem before going to bed that same night (1697)
  • Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library (1837)
  • Benjamin Franklin expresses unhappiness over eagle as America’s symbol, he wanted a turkey (1784)
  • World’s largest diamond, the 3,106-carat Cullinan, is found in South Africa (1905)
  • Spanish explorer Vicente Yanez Pinzon becomes the first European to set foot in Brazil (1500)
  • US Civil War: Virginia rejoins US (1870)
  • Tennessee enacts the first prohibition law in the United States (1838)
  • Congress passes an act calling for a US Capitol library (1802)
  • President Bill Clinton says “I want to say one thing to the American people; I did not have sexual relations with that woman, Miss Lewinsky” (1998)
  • Cleveland, Ohio’s Terminal Tower opens (1930)

January 27:

  • Vietnam War: US & North Vietnam’s William Rogers & Nguyen Duy Trinh sign cease-fire, ending longest US war and military draft (1973)
  • U.S. Congress approves Indian Territory in what is present-day Oklahoma clearing the way for forced relocation of the Eastern Indians on the Trail of Tears (1825)
  • Thomas Edison patents electric incandescent lamp (1880)
  • Astronauts Virgil “Gus” Grissom, Edward H. White II, and Roger B. Chafee die in Apollo 1 launch pad fire (1967)
  • Physicist Erwin Schrödinger publishes his theory of wave mechanics and presents what becomes known as the Schrödinger equation in quantum mechanics (1926)
  • Russia liberates Auschwitz and Birkenau Concentration Camps in Poland (1945)
  • 14 spies hanged in Baghdad (1969)
  • WW2: Leningrad liberated from Germany in 880 days at the loss of 600,000 killed (1944)
  • 9 Jews publicly executed in Damascus, Syria (1969)
  • National Geographic Society organizes (1888)
  • Tarzan of the Apes, first Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater (1918)
  • Rashidun Caliphate, then the largest empire in history, ends with death of Ali (1661)
  • Wolfgang Armedious Mozart was born (1756)

January 28:

  • US Coast Guard created from Life Saving & Revenue Cutter services (1915)
  • Challenger explodes (1986)
  • WW2: Japanese forces attack Shanghai (1932)
  • Jane Austen’s “Pride and Prejudice” is published (1813)
  • The first locomotive runs from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean on the Panama Railway (1855)
  • Russian expedition led by Fabian Gottlieb von Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev discover the continent of Antarctica (1820)
  • Work begins on the Eiffel Tower in Paris (1887)
  • In a snowstorm at Fort Keogh, Montana, the world’s largest snowflakes are reported being 15 inches wide and 8 inches thick (1887)
  • The Lego company patented their design of Lego bricks, still compatible with bricks produced today (1958)
  • US Civil War: Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners (1865)
  • American Pro Football Association renamed “National Football League (1922)
  • By Edict of Orleans French persecution of Huguenots is suspended (1561)
  • Beverly Hills, California is incorporated (1914)
  • London’s Pall Mall is first street lit by gaslight (1807)
  • Carnegie Institute founded in Washington, D.C. (1902)
  • German King Henry IV is absolved by Holy Roman Emperor Pope Gregory VII after his penitent Walk to Canossa. (1077)

January 29:

  • First successful gasoline powered car patented by Karl Benz in Karlsruhe, Germany (1886)
  • US President George W. Bush in his State of the Union address describes “regimes that sponsor terror” an “Axis of Evil”, which includes Iraq, Iran and North Korea (2002)
  • Stephen Merritt, pastor and supporter of missionaries who taught Samuel Morris, an African convert who came to America to learn from Merritt, died (1917)
  • Henry Clay introduces Missouri Comprise Bill on slavery to US Senate (1850)
  • In a surprising announcement, John Hancock resigns as Governor of Massachusetts, allegedly due to his failing health (1785)
  • Emile Grubbe is the first doctor to use radiation treatment for breast cancer (1896)
  • US Revolutionary War: King George III died after a long bout with mental illness years after losing the American Revolution and the War of 1812 (1820)
  • The Congregational Holiness Church was formally organized, following a split the previous year with the Pentecostal Holiness Church (1921)
  • William Shakespeare’s play Romeo and Juliet is thought to have been first performed (1595)
  • Kansas admitted to the Union as the 34th state (1861)
  • Edgar Allen Poe’s Raven first published (1845)
  • Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty released (1959)
  • Walt Disney starts work as an artist with KC Slide Company for $40 a week (1920)
  • John Beckley of Virginia appointed first Librarian of Congress (1802)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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