This Week in History 1/9 – 1/15

HistoryThis Week in History

January 9:

  • US Civil War: A Union merchant ship, the Star of the West, is fired upon as it tries to deliver supplies to Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina (1861)
  • Apple Inc CEO Steve Jobs announces the iPhone (2007)
  • US Civil War: Mississippi secedes from the Union (1861)
  • WW2: US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invade Philippines (1945)
  • Ed Martin, missionary to Japan and founder of a prison ministry, became born again in prison (1944)
  • Daguerrotype photo process announced at French Academy of Science (1839)
  • US Supreme Court strikes down Dallas’ ordinance imposing strict zoning on sexually oriented businesses (1990)
  • Semi-automatic rifles adopted by US army (1936)
  • First hot-air balloon flight in the US lifts off in Philadelphia (1793)
  • The Great Gale of 1880 devastates parts of Oregon and Washington with high wind and heavy snow (1880)
  • St. Philip of Moscow, primate of the Russian Orthodox Church, was murdered by Czar Ivan IV – Ivan the Terrible (1569)
  • Anson Jones, the last President of the Republic of Texas, commits suicide (1858)
  • After 140 years of unofficial racial discrimination, the Mormons issued an official statement declaring that blacks were not yet to receive the priesthood “for reasons which we believe are known to God, but which He has not made fully known to man.” (1970)
  • Abigail Van Buren’s Dear Abby column first appears in newspapers (1956)

January 10:

  • US Revolutionary War: Common Sense Pamphlet by Thomas Paine, published advocating American independence (1776)
  • UN headquarters opens in Manhattan, New York (1951)
  • Inauguration of the League of Nations held in Paris (1920)
  • US Civil War: US forts & property seized by Mississippi (1861)
  • US Civil War: Florida secedes from the Union (1861)
  • US Senate proposes female suffrage (1878)
  • Oil discovered in Texas (1901)
  • John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil (1870)
  • Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding (1845)
  • The first section of the Complutensian Polyglot, the world’s first multi-language Bible, was printed at Alcala, Spain (1514)
  • U.S. Senate Chaplain Peter Marshall prayed, “May we resolve, God helping us, to be part of the answer, and not part of the problem.” (1947)
  • Louisiana slaves rebel in 2 parishes (1811)
  • King Charles I & family flee London for Oxford (1642)
  • Julius Caesar crosses the Rubicon, signaling the start of civil war (49 BC)

January 11:

  • First public demonstration of telegraph message sent using dots & dashes at Speedwell Ironworks, Morristown, New Jersey by Samuel Morse and Alfred Vail (1838)
  • First government report warning by US Surgeon General reports that smoking may be hazardous (1964)
  • The Church of God, headquartered today in Cleveland, Tennessee, and with roots going back to 1886, officially adopts its current name (1907)
  • WW2: In Hamburg, Germany, the Altona Confession was issued by area pastors, offering Scriptural guidelines for the Christian life, in light of the confusing political situation and the developing Nazi influence on the State Church (1933)
  • Timothy Dwight, grandson of Jonathan Edwards and Yale President who brought revival to the college, died (1817)
  • Amelia Earhart flies from Hawaii to California (1935)
  • Insulin first used to treat diabetes (1922)
  • Elizabeth Blackwell becomes first woman in US to earn medical degree (1849)
  • President Theodore Roosevelt makes Grand Canyon a national monument (1908)
  • First pineapples planted in Hawaii (1813)
  • US Civil War: Alabama secedes from Union (1861)

January 12:

  • Governor John Winthrop, leader of the Puritans and first governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, was born (1588)
  • Earthquake occurs in Haiti killing 230,000 and destroying the majority of the capital Port-au-Prince (2010)
  • Record blizzard struck Midwest killing over 100 (1979)
  • WW2: German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge (1945)
  • Dr. Victor Rambo, medical missionary to India who cured the eyesight of thousands there, sailed for India (1924)
  • Romania bans Communist party – first Warsaw Pact member to do so (1990)
  • Gustav I of Sweden “father of the nation” crowned King of Sweden (1528)
  • All in the Family premieres on CBS featuring first toilet flush on TV (1971)
  • Josef Dzhugashvili signs himself as Stalin “man of steel” in a letter to the paper, Social Democrat (1913)
  • FBI arrests 6 members of the Great Brink’s robbery gang, 6 days before statute of limitations runs out (1956)
  • US Congress recognizes independence of Philippines (1933)
  • “Batman”, starring Adam West as Batman, Burt Ward as Robin, and Cesar Romero as The Joker, debuts on ABC (1966)

January 13:

  • Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies (1942)
  • The world’s first hymnbook was published in Prague (1501)
  • Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes (1794)
  • Mickey Mouse comic strip first appears (1930)
  • NASA select its first American women astronauts (1978)
  • Anthony Foss patents accordion (1854)
  • Birth of Philip Jacob Spener, founder of German pietism (1635)
  • Mary Slessor, a world-famous missionary to Nigeria who ended many of the abuses there, died (1915)
  • Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter (1610)
  • The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (1404)
  • Death of George Fox, English founder of the Society of Friends – Quakers (1691)
  • Humanist Society established in Hollywood, California (1929)
  • Odo, Count of Paris, becomes King of the Franks (888 AD)

January 14:

  • US Revolutionary War: US Congress of the Confederation ratifies the Treaty of Paris ending the war (1784)
  • Henry Ford introduces an assembly line for Model T (1914)
  • Nobel Prize-winning physician Albert Schweitzer is born (1875)
  • US Civil War: General Sherman begins his march to the South (1864)
  • First black selected for presidential cabinet – LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD (1966)
  • Clarinet invented in Nuremberg, Germany (1690)
  • WW2: Hitler declares “Total War” (1943)
  • First Connecticut constitution, Fundamental Orders, adopted in Hartford (1639)
  • US Supreme court rules race separation on trains unconstitutional (1878)
  • George C Wallace sworn in as governor of Alabama, his address states “segregation now; segregation tomorrow; segregation forever!” (1963)
  • Juan de Valdes published Dialogue on Christian Doctrine which paved the way in Spain for the Protestant Reformation (1529)
  • Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter (1610)
  • Mickey Mouse Comic Strip first appears (1930)
  • National Geographic Society founded (1888)
  • WW2: Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the ‘November crime’ (1923)
  • The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (1404)
  • Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad (1842)

January 15:

  • Salem and the Massachusetts Bay Colony proclaimed a day of fasting and repentance before God for the tragic error and folly of the Salem witch trials (1697)
  • Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reign (588 BC)
  • US Revolutionary War: Vermont, then known as People of New Connecticut, declare independence from England (1777)
  • Steam elevator patented by Elisha Otis (1861)
  • The Coca-Cola Company, then known as the Pemberton Medicine Company, is incorporated in Atlanta, Georgia (1889)
  • Tchaikovsky’s ballet Swan Lake premieres, St Petersburg (1895)
  • Israeli archaeologists reported uncovering the first evidence supporting the destruction of Jerusalem in 70 A.D. by military forces of the ancient Roman Empire (1970)
  • Vietnam War: President Nixon suspends all US offensive action in North Vietnam (1973)
  • US Revolutionary War: American Continental Congress establishes court of appeals (1780)
  • The University of Notre Dame was chartered under Roman Catholic auspices in Indiana (1844)
  • First top hat worn by John Etherington of London (1797)
  • Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England (1535)
  • Mt. Sinai Hospital was incorporated as the first Jewish hospital in the U.S. (1852)
  • Donkey first used as symbol of Democratic Party in Harper’s Weekly (1870)
  • While robbing the First National Bank in East Chicago, Indianapolis, Dillinger is shot several times by Officer William O’Malley, but survives because he is wearing a bullet proof vest (1934)
  • 4 Watergate burglars plead guilty in federal court (1973)
  • Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey (1559)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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