This Week in History 1/2 – 1/8

HistoryThis Week in History

January 2:

  • WW2: 28 nations at war with Axis powers, pledge no separate peace deals (1942)
  • Future Foursquare Gospel church founder Aimee Elizabeth, known later as Aimee Semple McPherson, along with her husband Robert Semple, was ordained to the ministry in Chicago by evangelist William H. Durham (1909)
  • Free African American community of Philadelphia petitions US Congress to abolish the slave trade (1800)
  • President Theodore Roosevelt shuts down post office in Indianola, Mississippi for refusing to accept its appointed postmistress because she was black (1903)
  • WW2: Japanese troops occupy Manila Philippines (1942)
  • WW2: Allied air raid on Nuremberg (1945)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. begins a drive to register black voters (1965)
  • Pittsburgh’s Calvary Episcopal Church broadcasted the first religious service on radio (1921)
  • A team of Israeli scholars announced the discovery in Jerusalem of a 2,000-year-old skeleton of a crucified male, the first direct physical evidence of the well-documented Roman method of execution (1971)
  • First Jewish child born in Spain since 1492 expulsion (1966)
  • Alice Sanger becomes first female White House staffer (1890)
  • Responding to global fear of communism caused by the Russian Revolution and known as the Red Scare, US Attorney General Palmer authorizes raids across the country on unionists and socialists (1920)
  • Big Bottom Massacre in the Ohio Country marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War (1791)
  • Willis Carrier receives a US patent for the world’s first air conditioner (1906)
  • Tsar Ivan the Terrible’s march to Novgorod begins (1570)

January 3:

  • A band of Russian Pentecostal Christians who being persecuted, led by Paul Vashchenko, overwhelmed the policeman at the gates of the American embassy and entered (1963)
  • WW2: 320 pastors of the German Confessing Church met to draw up a statement opposing the Nazi German Nationalist Church (1934)
  • Apple Computer, Inc incorporates (1977)
  • Alaska admitted as 49th US state (1959)
  • March of Dimes established to fight polio (1938)
  • US Civil War: Delaware legislature rejects proposal to join Confederacy (1861)
  • Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York (1870)
  • Martin Luther was excommunicated from the Catholic Church (1521)
  • WW2: Benito Mussolini dissolves Italian parliament/becomes dictator (1925)
  • Leonardo da Vinci unsuccessfully tests a flying machine (1496)
  • First patent list issued by US Patent Office (1872)
  • US Revolutionary War: General George Washington’s revolutionary army defeats British forces at Battle of Princeton, New Jersey (1777)
  • Stephen F. Austin receives a grant of land in Texas from the government of Mexico (1823)
  • First wax drinking straw patented by Marvin C Stone in Washington, D.C. (1888)
  • Solomon Northup is freed after 7 illegal years in slavery with aid of Washington Hunt, Governor of New York (1853)
  • First deep sea sounding (1840)

January 4:

  • WW2: Reich-bishop Müller issued a decree known as the “Muzzling Order” forbidding ministers to say anything in their sermons against the Nazi regime or teach against a superior Arian race. Although most churches complied, 320 ministers pledged support to the Confessing Church and stood against the Nazi regime. (1934)
  • Louis Braille, creator of Braille system of reading for the blind, was born (1809)
  • Nixon refuses to hand over tapes subpoenaed by Watergate Committee (1974)
  • Elvis Presley records a 10 minute demo in Nashville (1954)
  • The US Senate appointed Peter Marshall to be their chaplain (1947)
  • Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government (1847)
  • Ferdinand of Austria, younger brother to Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, issued the first secular mandate forbidding the Anabaptist religious movement (1524)
  • Luna 1, Mechta, becomes first craft to leave Earth’s gravity (1959)
  • LBJ’s “Great Society” State of the Union Address (1865)
  • The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City (1865)
  • Topsy the elephant is electrocuted by her owners at Luna Park, Coney Island and filmed by Edison Manufacturing movie company (1903)
  • Ralph Bunche appointed first black official in US State Department (1944)
  • Emilio G. Segrè and Carlo Perrier announce technetium, a previously unknown element and the first artificially synthesized chemical element (1947)
  • Utah becomes 45th US state (1896)
  • First elected Jewish governor, Moses Alexander, takes office in Idaho (1915)
  • Billboard magazine publishes its first music hit parade (1936)
  • King Charles I with 400 soldiers attacks the English parliament (1642)
  • Most of the Palace of Whitehall in London, the main residence of the English monarchs, is destroyed by fire (1698)
  • The New Apostolic Church is established in Germany (1863)

January 5:

  • Eight Methodist leaders, including Great Awakening preacher George Whitfield, gathered in South Wales to hold the first Calvinist Methodist Conference (1743)
  • Davy Crockett arrives in Texas, just in time for the Alamo (1836)
  • George Washington Carver, innovator of farming and former slave, died (1943)
  • Anabaptist reformer Felix Manz was drowned in punishment for preaching adult baptism, the first Protestant in history to be martyred at the hands of other Protestants (1527)
  • US Revolutionary War: British naval expedition led by Benedict Arnold burns Richmond, Virginia (1981)
  • US Civil War: 250 Federal troops are sent from New York to Ft Sumter (1861)
  • Following her divorce, popular American evangelist Aimee Semple McPherson resigned her denominational ordination and returned her fellowship papers to the Assemblies of God (1922)
  • Sudden extreme cold kills thousands of Europeans (1709)
  • First steamboat, Red River, sails (1859)
  • President Harry Truman labels his administration the “Fair Deal” (1949)
  • Eris, the largest known dwarf planet in the solar system, is discovered by the team of Michael E. Brown (2005)
  • WW2: National Socialist Party, Nazi, forms as German Farmers’ Party (1919)
  • FCC hears first transmission of FM radio with clear, static-free signal (1940)

January 6:

  • 3 Kings Day – the day celebrated as the day the wise men found Jesus (3 AD)
  • Last year the Church in Jerusalem observed the birth of Jesus on this date (548 AD)
  • Morse demonstrates the telegraph (1838)
  • New Mexico becomes 47th US state (1912)
  • Mother Teresa arrives in Calcutta to begin a her work among India’s poorest and diseased people (1929)
  • Pan American Airlines becomes the first commercial airline to schedule a flight, known as Pacific Clipper, around the world (1942)
  • President Franklin Roosevelt’s “4 Freedoms” speech, freedom from speech, worship, want and fear, during US State of Union address (1941)
  • Washington National Cathedral is chartered by Congress (1893)
  • Theodore Roosevelt dies (1919)
  • Mountain man Jedediah Strong Smith is born (1798)
  • Schoolhouse Rock premieres on ABC-TV with Multiplication Rock (1973)
  • King Harald of England crowned (1066)
  • Charles H. Spurgeon was converted in a Methodist chapel (1850)
  • Thomas Edison submits his last patent application (1931)
  • Daily newspaper comic strip Superman debuts (1939)
  • The English Rump Parliament votes to put Charles I on trial for treason and other “high crimes” (1649)

January 7:

  • First presidential election is held with George Washington (1798)
  • Isabella Thoburn, missionary and teacher to improvised women in India, arrived in India (1870)
  • Fire destroys Jamestown, Virginia (1608)
  • Galileo discovered four satellites of Jupiter with the aid of the newly invented telescope (1610)
  • US President Harry Truman announces American development of the hydrogen bomb (1953)
  • Fannie Farmer publishes her first cookbook (1896)
  • Typewriter patented by Englishman Henry Mill (1740)
  • Georgetown-IBM experiment, the first public demonstration of a machine translation system, is held in New York at the head office of IBM (1954)
  • Buck Rogers, first sci-fi comic strip, premieres (1929)
  • Tarzan comic strip premieres (1929)

January 8:

  • Missionaries to Ecuador, Ed McCulley, Nate Saint, Jim Elliot, Pete Fleming, and Roger Youderian, were martyred by Aucu (1956)
  • Youth for Christ organizes (1945)
  • In London, the first soup kitchens were opened for the relief of the poor (1800)
  • US President George Washington delivers first state of the union address (1790)
  • Black men granted the right to vote in Washington, D.C. despite President Andrew Johnson’s veto (1867)
  • Crazy Horse and his warriors fight their last battle with the United States Cavalry at Wolf Mountain (1877)
  • Columbus World’s fair in Chicago destroyed by fire (1894)
  • Severinus, missionary to Austria, died (482 AD)
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This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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