This Week in History 11/21 – 11/27

HistoryThis Week in History

November 21:

  • Judas Maccabaeus, son of Mattathias of the Hasmonean family, restores the Temple in Jerusalem, celebrated every year during Hanukkah (164 BC)
  • Mayflower Compact signed by Pilgrims at Cape Cod (1620)
  • US President John F. Kennedy flies to Texas, assassinated the next day (1963)
  • Thomas Edison announces his first great invention, the phonograph (1877)
  • North Carolina ratifies constitution, becomes 12th US state (1789)
  • Duke University was founded as Union Institute by Methodists (1852)
  • Richard Johnson, a free black, granted 550 acres in Virginia (1654)
  • US President Richard Nixon’s attorney, J Fred Buzhardt, reveals presence of 18½ minute gap in a White House tape recording related to Watergate (1973)
  • Freedom of Information Act passed by Congress over President Ford’s veto (1974)
  • North Carolina ratifies constitution and becomes 12th US state (1789)
  • French Revolution: Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic (1791)
  • Russia’s Tsar Alexander I petitions for a Jewish state in Palestine (1918)
  • Jack Benny, violin, & Richard Nixon, piano, play their famed duet (1959)
  • Honolulu Harbor discovered (1794)
  • Authorities at the British Natural History Museum announce the “Piltdown Man” skull, one of the most famous fossil skulls in the world, is a hoax (1953)

November 22:

  • US President John F. Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas. Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as 36th president. (1963)
  • Isolation of single gene announced by scientists at Harvard University (1969)
  • International Radio Telecommunications Com adopts “SOS” as new call for help (1906)
  • Fred Rogers of PBS Mr Rogers Neighborhood presents a sweater to Smithsonian Institution (1984)
  • In Nigeria, more than 100 people are killed at an attack aimed at the contestants of the Miss World contest (2002)
  • American lawyer Horatio G. Spafford’s four daughters drowned when their passenger ship collided with another and sank leading him to write the hymn, It is Well With My Soul (1873)
  • RCA Records make its best investment paying $35,000 to Sun Records for Elvis Presley’s contract (1955)
  • Author and theologian CS Lewis died (1963)
  • Isolation of single gene announced by scientists at Harvard University (1969)
  • WW1: Calvin Coolidge pardons WW I German spy Lothar Witzke who was sentenced to death (1923)
  • Spain delegates “New Laws” against slavery in America (1542)

November 23:

  • Doctor Who, the long-running British sci-fi series, debuts (1963)
  • Clement, fourth bishop of Rome, martyred (101 AD)
  • First issue of Life Magazine published (1936)
  • Patent granted for a process of making color photographs (1863)
  • Wright Brothers form corporation to manufacture airplanes (1909)
  • World’s first jukebox opens in San Francisco (1889)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga & Orchard Knob, Tennessee begins (1863)
  • 60 Ethiopia government officials executed (1974)
  • US President Harding signs Willis Campell Act forbidding doctors prescribing beer or liquor for medicinal purposes (1921)
  • Charlemagne arrives at Rome to investigate the alleged crimes of Pope Leo III (800 AD)
  • Areopagitica, a pamphlet by John Milton, decrying censorship, is published (1644)
  • French mathematician, scientist, and philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense vision that converts him to Christianity and convinces him to become a preacher (1654)
  • Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston (1848)

November 24:

  • US Civil War: Battle of Chattanooga, Columbia, & Lookout Mountain begins in Tennessee (1863)
  • Nine police officers and one civilian are killed when a bomb explodes at the Milwaukee, Wisconsin police headquarters building (1917)
  • Canadian missionary Franois Blanchet, known as the Apostle of Oregon, first arrived in the Oregon Territory (1838)
  • Jack Ruby kills Lee Harvey Oswald, assassin of JFK (1963)
  • First observation of transit of Venus by Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree – helped establish size of the Solar System (1639)
  • Vietnam War: US admits troops in Vietnam were exposed to the toxic Agent Orange (1979)
  • The US House of Representatives Committee on Un-American Activities finds “Hollywood 10” in contempt because of their refusal to reveal whether they were communists (1947)
  • Joseph F Glidden patents barbed wire (1874)
  • National Rifle Association organized (1871)
  • FBI Crime Lab opens in Washington DC (1932)
  • First observation of transit of Venus by Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree that helped establish size of the Solar System (1639)
  • Air Force One christened (1954)
  • 400 die of respiratory failure & heart attack in killer NYC smog (1966)
  • Korean War: UN troops begin an assault intending to end Korean War by Christmas (1950)
  • WW2: American Woman’s Suffrage Association forms (1869)
  • Pacifist/anti fascist writer Carl Von Ossietzky sent to concentration camp, awarded Nobel Peace Prize (1936)
  • River Thames in London freezes over (1434) (1715)
  • Baptist Foreign Missions Convention of the United States was founded (1880)

November 25:

  • According to Archbishop James Ussher’s Old Testament Chronology, The Great Deluge, the flood from the Bible, happened on this date (2348 BC)
  • Thousands of Christians massacred in present day Ethiopia (523 AD)
  • FDR establishes modern celebration of Thanksgiving Day (1941)
  • Alfred Nobel patents dynamite (1867)
  • 35 survivors of the mutiny on the slave ship Amistad return to Africa (1831)
  • WW2: Germany & Japan sign anti-Komintern pact (1936)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Missionary Ridge, Tennessee (1863)
  • US Revolutionary War: Britain evacuates New York City, its last military position in United States (1783)
  • Indian Wars: In retaliation for the American defeat at the Battle of the Little Bighorn, United States Army troops sack Chief Dull Knife’s sleeping Cheyenne village at the headwaters of the Powder River (1876)
  • US Congress commission looks into “impeachment” of President Andrew Johnson (1867)
  • JFK laid to rest at Arlington National Cemetery (1963)
  • Woody Woodpecker debuts with release of Walter Lantz’s Knock Knock (1940)
  • Spain grants Puerto Rico autonomy (1897)
  • Farmer’s Almanac first published (1792)
  • David Brainerd was approved as a missionary to the New England Indians by the Scottish Society for the Propagating of Christian Knowledge (1742)
  • WW2: German Jews in Netherlands declared stateless after losing their nationality (1941)
  • US Civil War: Confederate plot to burn New York city fails (1864)
  • French and Indian War: Britain captures Fort Duquesne later Fort Pitt/Pittsburgh from French (1758)
  • First English patent granted to an American for processing corn (1715)
  • John B Meyenberg of St Louis patents evaporated milk (1884)
  • American College of Surgeons incorporates in Springield, Illinois (1912)
  • US Greenback Party established as a political party consisting primarily of farmers affected by the Panic of 1873 (1874)
  • First sword swallower in US performs (1817)
  • A deadly earthquake rocks Shemakha, in the Caucasus, killing 80,000 people (1667)
  • Delmonico’s, one of New York’s finest restaurants, provides a meal of soup, steak, coffee & half a pie for 12 cents (1834)
  • First Thanksgiving Parade in Philadelphia (1920)

November 26:

  • President George Washington proclaimed this date, a Thursday, to be the first national Thanksgiving Day holiday (1789)
  • The US Navy began using chaplains within its regular service (1775)
  • WW2: German theologian Karl Barth who declared German Christians first allegiance to Christ gives them the duty to resist Nazis, a declaration that founded the Confessing Church, surrendered to the Nazis (1934)
  • US Civil War: West Virginia is created out of Virginia (1861)
  • Captain Cook discovers Maui in the Sandwich Islands now known as Hawaii (1778)
  • Casablanca starring Humphrey Bogart and Ingrid Bergman is released (1942)
  • Vietnam War: Lottery for selective service draft signed by President Nixon (1969)
  • Rose Mary Woods, Nixon’s secretary, testifies she accidentally erased 18 1/2 minutes of White House recordings (1973)
  • WW1: Greece declares war on Germany (1916)
  • 455 die in snow/ice storm (1898)
  • WW2: Nazis started to wall off Jewish Ghetto in Warsaw (1940)
  • Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens’ Tale of Two Cities published in magazine (1859)
  • Alice in Wonderland by Lewis Carrol published in US (1865)
  • University of Notre Dame founded (1842)
  • First refrigerated car patented (1867)
  • First streetcar railway in America starts operating in New York City (1832)
  • Hawaii Sugar Planters Association formed (1895)
  • Archaeologist Howard Carter opens King Tut’s tomb in Egypt (1922)
  • Mongolian’s People’s Republic declared (1924)
  • Fab Four make first recording under new name – The Beatles (1962)

November 27:

  • First Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade is held in New York City (1924)
  • John Walker invents friction match in England (1826)
  • Jedidiah Strong Smith entered California’s San Bernardino Valley becoming the first American to cross over the southwestern part of North America (1826)
  • Alfred Nobels establishes Nobel Prizes (1895)
  • Korean War: Cease-fire & demarcation zone accord signed in Panmunjon, Korea (1951)
  • Pope Urban II solemnly proclaimed the First Crusade at the Council of Clermont (1095)
  • Land for the first Jewish settlement in America was purchased by Joseph Salvador (1755)
  • A hydrogen atmosphere is discovered on the extrasolar planet Osiris by the Hubble Space Telescope, the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet (2001)
  • Dutch county of Groningen flooded by failure of dyke (1587)
  • US soldiers attack Florida Indian village beginning Seminole War (1817)
  • New York Times dubs baseball “The National Game” (1870)
  • Audience throws vegetables at actors for 1st recorded time in US (1911)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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