This Week in History 10/31 – 11/6

HistoryThis Week in History

October 31:

  • Ezra reads the Book of the Law to the Israelites in Jerusalem recorded in Nehemiah 9:1 (445 BC)
  • Martin Luther nailed 95 theses on a church door in Germany beginning the Protestant Reformation (1517)
  • Michelangelo Buonarroti finishes painting The Last Judgement in the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican  (1541)
  • WW2: Spanish flu-virus kills 21,000 in US in one week (1918)
  • Iraq announces it would no longer cooperate with United Nations weapons inspectors (1998)
  • Roman Catholic Church and Lutheran Church leaders sign the Joint Declaration on the Doctrine of Justification, ending a centuries-old doctrinal dispute over the nature of faith and salvation (1999)
  • Vietnam War: President Johnson orders a halt to all bombing of North Vietnam (1968)
  • WW2: Battle of Britain ends (1940)
  • WW2: Deadline for Warsaw Jews to move into Warsaw Ghetto (1940)
  • First US paved coast-to-coast highway, the Lincoln Highway, is dedicated (1913)
  • Mount Rushmore Monument is completed (1941)
  • WW1: Great Britain & France declare war on Ottoman Empire (1914)
  • Harry Houdini died when his appendix ruptured (1926)
  • The world population reaches 7 billion inhabitants according to the United Nations (2011)
  • Nevada becomes the 36th US state (1864)
  • Clothing factory fire in Huddersfield, England kills 49 (1941)
  • French Revolution: Execution of Girondins at Paris during Reign of Terror (1793)
  • Great Depression: In an effort to try restore investor confidence, the New York Stock Exchange unveils a fifteen-point program aimed to upgrade protection for the investing public (1938)
  • Sir Humphrey Davy of London patents miner’s safety lamp (1815)
  • Arthur Conan Doyle publishes The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892)
  • The New York stock exchange opens after being closed for two days after Hurricane Sandy (2012)
  • George Washington Doane was consecrated as America’s first Episcopal bishop (1832)

November 1:

  • Michelangelo, 37, unveiled his 5,808-square-foot masterpiece, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican (1512)
  • US Revolutionary War: Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies (1765)
  • Pastor Paul Hamberg and seven members of Azerbaijan’s Lutheran community, including three women, executed by Stalinists (1937)
  • First US women’s medical school opens in Boston (1848)
  • John Adams becomes the first US president to live in White House (1800)
  • US Weather Bureau begins operations (1870)
  • First free school in New York City, African Free School, opens (1787)
  • Vaccine for diphtheria announced by Dr Roux of Paris (1894)
  • Fire at Plymouth, Massachusetts destroys several buildings (1623)
  • Dupont introduces synthetic rubber (1931)
  • WW1: First US soldier killed in combat (1917)
  • Delegates meet at Chillicothe, Ohio to form a state constitutional convention (1802)
  • First published reference to poker (1834)
  • First Celebration of Authors Day (1928)
  • All Saints Day made compulsory by Pope Gregory IV throughout Frankish Kingdom (825)
  • First recorded use of modern name for Austria in the ‘Ostarrîchi Document’ (996)

November 2:

  • General George Washington bids farewell to his army after the American Revolutionary War (1783)
  • WW2: Auschwitz begins gassing inmates (1944)
  • North Dakota, 39th, & South Dakota, 40th, become US states (1889)
  • James A. Garfield, a lay-minister and Civil War hero, was elected president (1880)
  • John Calvin fled persecution in Paris by being lowered over a wall in a basket (1533)
  • French Revolution: the property of the Church in France was taken over by the state (1789)
  • A combined attack by the Plymouth, Rhode Island, Massachusetts Bay and Connecticut colonies attacks the Great Swamp Fort owned by the Narragansetts during King Philip’s War (1675)
  • New Jersey voters approve gambling for Atlantic City (1976)
  • US Civil War: Western Department Union General John C. Fremont is relieved of command and replaced by David Hunter (1861)
  • Balfour Declaration, calling for the “establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people” (1917)
  • Velma Barfield becomes the first woman executed in the United States since 1962 (1984)
  • Protestant Methodist Church was founded (1830)

November 3:

  • US Supreme Court decides Native Americans can’t be Americans (1883)
  • The Pentecostal Ministerial Alliance was organized (1925)
  • USA introduces an income tax (1913)
  • First live color US coast-to-coast telecast (1953)
  • John Eliot, first Protestant missionary to Native Americans, arrived in America (1631)
  • John Adams elected as 2nd US president (1796)
  • D.C. residents cast first presidential votes (1964)
  • John W. Menard of Louisiana elected as first black US Congressman (1868)
  • Pliny Fisk, first American missionary to travel to the Near East, set sail for Palestine (1818)
  • New York’s 104-storey One World Trade Center officially opens 13 years after the September 11 attacks (2014)
  • Jews are expelled from France (1394)

November 4:

  • 500 Iranian students seize US embassy and take 90 hostages in a crisis lasting 444 days (1979)
  • The first church to become a Pentecostal Holiness denomination church was organized at Goldsboro, North Carolina under the leadership of Methodist evangelist Ambrose Blackman Crumpler (1898)
  • Watchman Nee, Chinese theologian and author who died in prison for refusing to deny Christ, was born (1903)
  • Future U.S. Senate Chaplain Reverend Peter Marshall married Catherine Wood. Following Peter’s premature death at age 46, Catherine immortalized his name through her best-selling biography, A Man Called Peter (1936)
  • The Massachusetts Bay Colony passed a law making it a capital offense to deny that the Bible was the Word of God (1646)
  • First wagon train arrives in California (1841)
  • US President Ronald Reagan defeats President Jimmy Carter in a landslide winning 44 states (1980)
  • London’s Evening Standard Newspaper published John Lennon’s controversial remark that the Beatles were “more popular than Jesus” (1966)
  • First uniform US election day (1845)
  • Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus (1879)
  • James Ritty patents first cash register (1879)
  • Barack Obama elected first African-American president (2008)

November 5:

  • US Revolutionary War: John Hancock is elected as moderator at a Boston town meeting that resolves that anyone who supports the Tea Act is an “Enemy to America” (1773)
  • US Revolutionary War: John Hanson elected first “President of US in Congress assembled” (1781)
  • US state Utah accepts female suffrage (1895)
  • American women’s right to vote advocate Susan B. Anthony votes for Ulysses S. Grant (1872)
  • US Revolutionary War: USS Ranger, with a crew of 140 men under the command of John Paul Jones, sets sail (1777)
  • Louisa Woosley first women to be ordained as a minister in any Presbyterian denomination (1889)
  • George B. Selden granted first US patent granted for an automobile for gasoline driven car (1895)
  • Sinclair Lewis is awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature (1930)
  • Iran’s Ayatollah Khomeini declares US “The Great Satan” (1979)
  • Saddam Hussein, former president of Iraq, and his co-defendants Barzan Ibrahim al-Tikriti and Awad Hamed al-Bandar are sentenced to death in the al-Dujail trial for the role in the massacre of the 148 Shi’as in 1982 (2006)
  • The Nat King Cole Show debuts on NBC, the first variety program to be hosted by an African-American (1956)
  • Billy Graham’s Hour of Decision program was first broadcast over television (1950)
  • First post office in the colonies is set up in Massachusetts (1639)
  • Gunpowder Plot to attempt to blow up King James I and parliament discovered (1605)

November 6:

  • US Civil War: Abraham Lincoln elected 16th American President (1860)
  • US Civil War: Jefferson Davis elected to 6 year term as US Confederate President (1861)
  • US Civil War: CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels (1865)
  • New York State adopts a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections (1917)
  • RCA displays TV for press (1936)
  • Entire NBC line-up of TV shows in color for the first time (1966)
  • Father John Carroll was appointed the first Roman Catholic bishop in the newly organized and independent United States of America (1789)
  • Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca becomes the first known European to set foot in Texas (1528)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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