This Week in History 10/17 – 10/23

historyThis Week in History

October 17:

  • WW2: German occupiers issue identity cards (1940)
  • Ignatius, bishop of Antioch, was martyred by being thrown to wild beasts (107 AD)
  • Texas Rangers founded (1835)
  • Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany (1933)
  • Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph, the first movie (1888)
  • Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man (1894)
  • US Revolutionary War: Americans win Battle of Saratoga (1777)
  • UN passes resolution saying “Zionism is a form of racism” (1975)
  • Church of the Holy Sepulcher Destroyed in Jerusalem destroyed by Muslims (1009)
  • Mr. Smith Goes to Washington starring Jimmy Stewart is released (1939)
  • Al Capone sentenced to 11 years in prison for tax evasion (1931)
  • The United States population reaches 300 million (2006)

October 18:

  • Women considered persons under Canadian law (1929)
  • Mason Dixon Line first drawn (1767)
  • Edison makes electricity available for household use (1878)
  • The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah who hacks the Church’s foundations down to bedrock (1009)
  • African Inland Missionaries landed in Kenya led by Peter Cameron Scott (1895)
  • First published African-American woman and poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery (1775)
  • American flag raised in Puerto Rico (1898)
  • US takes possession after buying Alaska from Russian for 7.2 million (1867)
  • Ferdinand and Isabella marry uniting Spain and leading to persecution and expulsion of Jews (1469)
  • Boston Shoemakers, first labor organization in America, is founded (1648)
  • Louis XIV revoked the 1598 Edict of Nantes which permitted French Protestants limited religious tolerance (1685)
  • WW2: Hitler ordered captured allied commandos to be killed (1942)
  • Birth of Matthew Henry who was known for his Bible commentaries that are still in print (1662)
  • Thomas Edison

    Thomas Edison dies at age 84 (1931)

  • Civil War: Battle of Charleston, West Virginia (1863)
  • Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland (1356)
  • West Side Story movie release (1961)
  • Walt Disney Jungle Book released (1967)

October 19:

  • US Revolutionary War: Victory at Yorktown bringing war to an end (1781)
  • First 4 African-Americans elected to Congress (1870)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. arrested at Atlanta sit-in (1960)
  • Bill Bright, founder of Campus Crusade for Christ, was born (1921)
  • Birth of George Abbot, archbishop of Canterbury who played a major part in translating the 1611 King James Version of the Bible (1562)
  • Death of Jacob Arminius, theologian who espoused Arminianism (1609)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Cedar Creek, Virginia (1864)
  • Saddam Hussein goes on trial in Baghdad for crimes against humanity (2005)
  • Birth of John Woolman, American Quaker reformer whose writing influenced abolitionist movement of 1800s (1720)
  • English revivalist George Whitefield arrived in Maine for his second visit to America (1744)
  • Editorial accuses Thomas Jefferson with having an affair with a slave. Later it proved to be true. (1796)

October 20:

  • US Revolutionary War: George Washington declared a day of Thanksgiving to celebrate the end of the war (1781)
  • Birth of American lawyer Horatio Gates Spafford who, upon learning his wife and four daughters had drowned in a shipwreck, wrote It is Well With My Soul (1828)
  • Publication of The Return of the King, the 3rd and final volume of The Lord of the Rings by J. R. R. Tolkien by George Allen and Unwin in London (1955)
  • All white federal jury convicts 7 in murder of 3 civil rights workers in Meridian, Mississippi (1967)
  • US President Lincoln formally establishes Thanksgiving as a national holiday (1864)
  • First Middle Ages Crusade (1007)
  • WW2: Nuremberg Nazi war crime trials open (1945)

October 21:

  • President Harding

    US President Harding makes speech publicly condemning lynching in the deep South (1921)

  • William Penn was deposed as Governor of Pennsylvania after being charged with being a papist (1692)
  • US Revolutionary War: First display of the word “Liberty” on a flag raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts in defiance of British rule in Colonial America (1774)
  • Explorer Ferdinand Magellan and his fleet reach Cape Virgenes and become the first Europeans to sail into the Pacific Ocean (1520)
  • Women allowed to vote in France for the first time (1945)
  • First women admitted to Coast Guard Academy (1975)
  • Birth of American Baptist clergyman Samuel Francis Smith who wrote over 100 hymns (1808)
  • Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War (1854)
  • Vietnam War: Nearly 100,000 people gather to protest in Washington DC to protest the war when 50,000 try to invade the Pentagon (1967)
  • My Fair Lady movie release (1964)
  • In Paris, Can-Can was first performed (1858)
  • Guggenheim Museum opens in New York City (1959)

October 22:

  • International Meridian Conference creates 24 time zones and the international date line (1884)
  • Cuban Missile Crisis announced (1962)
  • Thomas Edison perfect the carbon cotton filament light bulb (1879)
  • Ringling Brothers Greatest Show on Earth buys Barnum & Bailey circus (1907)
  • College of New Jersey now known as Princeton was founded (1746)
  • William Miller, a Baptist preacher, predicted the return of Christ (1844)
  • James B. Rodgers, missionary to the Philippines, baptized his first Filipino converts to the Christian faith (1899)
  • The complete Jewish Torah was published in English for the first time (1952)
  • Panic of 1907 leads to depression (1907)
  • 3000 blacks demonstrate & riot in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1906)
  • Sam Houston becomes first elected president of the Republic of Texas (1836)
  • Henry Ford becomes president of Ford Motor Company (1906)
  • First ship sails Erie Canal (1819)
  • Sons of American Revolution organizes (1875)
  • Mobster Pretty Boy Floyd killed by FBI (1934)

October 23:

  • Bishop James Ussher, 17th century scholar, declared God created the world on this date at 9:00 am (4004 BC)
  • 25,000 women march in New York City demanding right to vote (1915)
  • Walt Disney’s Dumbo released (1941)
  • Delegates from eight states met in Nashville and organized the Southern Baptist Sunday School Union (1857)
  • Boethius, a Bible scholar and writer of The Consolation, was executed for defending the Trinity and the deity of Christ (524 BC)
  • Elizabeth Gaunt, a Christian who provided aid for a traitor, was the last woman burned alive in England for treason (1685)
  • First steam locomotive is introduced (1828)
  • In Roman Republic Civil Wars, Marc Antony defeats Brutus, and Brutus commits suicide (42 BC)
  • WW1: Unknown soldier selected (1921)
  • Tornado, possible T8/F4, strikes the heart of London killing two and demolishing the wooden London Bridge (1091)
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This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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