This Week in History 9/12 – 9/18

HistoryThis Week in History

September 12:

  • US Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale leaves Harlem Heights Camp, now 127th St, for spy mission (1776)
  • US, England, France, USSR, East & West Germany sign agreements allowing two Germanys to merge (1990)
  • US Supreme Court orders Little Rock Ark high school to integrate (1958)
  • Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives idea of a nuclear chain reaction (1933)
  • Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for the first and only time in response to the September 11 attacks against the United States of America (2001)
  • Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan and continue to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman (1970)
  • United States’ first known female cop appointed, Alice Stebbins Wells by LAPD (1910)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Harpers Ferry, Virginia (1862)
  • Bonanza premieres on NBC-TV (1959)
  • First submarine publicly tested in London on the Thames before James I (1624)
  • Switzerland becomes a Federal state (1848)
  • A. B. Simpson, founder of the Christian and Missionary Alliance, was ordained (1865)
  • French astronomer Charles Messier mistakenly identifies the Crab Nebula so begins his Messier Catalogue (1758)

September 13:

  • Massachusetts General Court banished Separatist preacher Roger Williams for criticizing the Massachusetts Bay Company charter and for perpetually advocating a separation of church and state (1635)
  • New York City became the first capital of United States (1788)
  • Robert Thomas became the first protestant missionary to Korea (1865)
  • IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit (1956)
  • Civilian aircraft traffic resumes in the U.S. after the September 11 attacks (2001)
  • First United Negro College Fund (1980)
  • Church of Holy Sepulchre consecrated in Jerusalem (335 AD)
  • Building begins on Hadrian’s Wall, Northern England (122 AD)
  • The temple of Jupiter on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September (1509 BC)

September 14:

  • Francis Scott Key writes Star Spangled Banner (1814)
  • US President McKinley dies of infection from gunshot wounds from his assassination a week earlier (1901)
  • Britain and American colonies adopt the Gregorian calendar – no Sept 3rd-Sept 13th that year (1752)
  • Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks (2001)
  • Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House (1964)
  • Ground breaking ceremony for UN world headquarters (1948)
  • WW2: Nazis gain 107 seats in German election (1930)
  • German composer George Frederick Handel finished composing The Messiah after only 21 days (1741)
  • Francis of Assissi had a vision of Christ is afflicted with stigmata (1224)

September 15:

  • 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed during Sunday morning service killing 4 girls in a racially motivated act of terrorism (1963)
  • Scottish bacteriologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin while studying influenza (1928)
  • Mayflower departs from Plymouth England with 102 pilgrims (1620)
  • Antoinette L. Brown became the first woman formally ordained to a pastorate in the United States (1853)
  • Google.com is registered as a domain name (1998)
  • In the Act of Independence, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras & Nicaragua declare their independence from the Spanish Empire (1821)
  • Lone Ranger premieres on ABC-TV (1949)
  • Colonel George and Sarah Clarke opened first mission in the slums of Chicago on South Clark Street (1877)
  • Lost in Space premieres (1965)
  • First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe opened in Frascati, Italy (1616)

September 16:

  • Great Seal of US used for first time (1782)
  • Bomb explosion in Wall Street killing 30 (1920)
  • Gandhi began a fast in prison to protest British electoral caste system (1932)
  • Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (1931)
  • General Motors began (1908)
  • Largest land run in history began with more than 100,000 people pouring into the Cherokee Strip of Oklahoma (1893)
  • Mexico issues Grito de Dolores, calling for the end of Spanish rule, Mexican Independence Day (1810)
  • Norwegian explorer Ronald Amundsen discovers the Magnetic South Pole (1906)
  • WW2: US imposed draft (1940)
  • Fire of Moscow (1812)
  • Torquemada, grand inquisitor during the Spanish Inquisition under King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella who tortured and killed thousands, died (1498)
  • Slavery abolished in all French territories (1848)

September 17:

  • US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention (1787)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War where 23,110 died (1862)
  • Massachusetts enacted severe laws against Quakers (1656)
  • Harriet Tubman first escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers (1849)
  • RCA Victor released its first 33 1/3 RPM recording – Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony (1934)
  • US space officials announced selection of 9 new astronauts (1962)
  • WW2: Soviet Union invaded Poland (1939)
  • Last Russian troops left Poland (1993)
  • Donner Party sent two men ahead to California for food and supplies (1946)
  • Great fire of San Francisco (1850)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee (1862)
  • Dutch scientist Antonie van Leeuwenhoek is the first to report the existence of bacteria (1683)
  • Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed (1900)
  • 247 Spanish colonists consecrated their newly-founded mission known as San Francisco (1776)
  • Fugitive first appeared on ABC-TV (1963)
  • City of Boston, Massachusetts founded
  • 19 students attended opening class at Ohio State University (1873)
  • US Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion resulted in the single largest civilian disaster during the war killing 78 workers (1862)
  • Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed (642)
  • WW1: Manfred von Richthofen, The Red Baron – a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, won his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France (1816)
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter (1691)
  • Major trading markets in the United States, including the New York Stock Exchange and the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), reopen for the first time since September 11 (2001)
  • First class of escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, now Hampton University (1861)
  • Walter Gowan, missionary to the Sudan and founder of Sudan Interior Mission, was born (1868)
  • Joshua Abraham Norton proclaimed himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America (1959)

September 18:

  • US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building (1793)
  • US Air Force formed (1947)
  • Congress passed Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850 (1850)
  • WW2: The order for ‘extermination asocials through labour’ is approved by Otto Thierack, Nazi minister of justice (1942)
  • Government bond agent Jay Cooke & Co collapses, causing panic on Wall St, the start of the panic of 1873 and the long depression (1873)
  • The Full Gospel Fellowship of Churches and Ministers International, now known as Christ for the Nations, was founded (1962)
  • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN, founded (1998)
  • Harriet Maxwell Converse became first white woman to become an Indian chief (1891)
  • Great Fire of Moscow burns out after 5 days, 75% of the city destroyed and 12,000 killed (1812)
  • WW2: A railway explosion is faked by the Japanese to create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China,  (1931)
  • Get Smart, Adam’s Family, and I Dream of Jeannie premiered on television (1965)
  • New York Times started publishing (1851)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Kraft

Tamera Kraft has been a children’s pastor for over 20 years. She is the leader of a ministry called Revival Fire For Kids where she mentors other children’s leaders, teaches workshops, and is a children’s ministry consultant and children’s evangelist. She is also a writer and has curriculum published including Kid Konnection 5: Kids Entering the Presence of God published by Pathway Press. She is a recipient of the 2007 National Children’s Leaders Association Shepherd’s Cup for lifetime achievement in children’s ministry.

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