This Week in History 8/22 – 8/28

HistoryThis Week in History

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

August 22:

  • US Revolutionary War: Redcoats land at Long Island (1776)
  • In Massachusetts, missionary John Eliot founded an Indian church at Martha’s Vineyard (1670)
  • J. Edgar Hoover becomes Assistant Director of the FBI (1921)
  • International Red Cross founded (1864)
  • Vietnam War: Vietnam conflict begins as Ho Chi Minh leads a successful coup (1945)
  • First female US newspaper editor, Ann Franklin, in Newport Rhode Island (1762)
  • US President Teddy Roosevelt became first US chief executive to ride in a car (1902)
  • United States annexes New Mexico (1848)
  • Cadillac Motor Company is founded (1901)
  • Mona Lisa stolen from the Louvre by Vincenzo Perugia, recovered in 1913 (1911)
  • The first air raid in history; Austria launches pilotless balloons against the Italian city of Venice (1849)
  • Civil War in England began between Royalists & Parliament (1642)
  • World Council of Churches created (1948)
  • DNA testing links OJ Simpson to murder of Nicole Simpson & Ron Goldman (1994)
  • Beatles arrive in New York City (1966)

August 23:

  • War of 1812: First Lady Dolley Madison saves portrait of George Washington and other important art work in the White House from the British before they march into Washington DC (1814)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated (1796)
  • Russian ballet star Aleksandr Godunov becomes first dancer to defect to the United States (1979)
  • Osama bin Laden issues message entitled ‘A declaration of war against the Americans occupying the land of the two holy places (1996)
  • Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, Massachusetts first graduating class (1838)
  • Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state called Franklin (1784)
  • First US National Women’s Rights Convention convenes in Worcester, Massachusetts (1850)
  • US Civil War: Confederate spy Rose O’Neal Greenhow by Allan Pinkerton (1961)
  • East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin (1961)
  • Mexico declares independence (1821)
  • Texas Rangers arrest outlaw and killer John Wesley Hardin who once shot a man for snoring (1877)
  • WW2: Hitler-Stalin pact makes Germany and USSR allies (1939)
  • Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for murder (1927)
  • William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England (1305)
  • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre where 70,000 Protestant Huguenots were slaughtered by Catholics (1572)
  • Mount Vesuvius begins stirring, on feast day of Vulcan, Roman god of fire (goes on to destroy Pompeii (79 AD)
  • New York City declares first cases of West Nile virus (1999)
  • First one-way streets open in London (1617)
  • Hurricane Katrina first forms over the Bahamas, later becoming a category 5 hurricane (2005)
  • British capture Hong Kong from China (1839)
  • Mars’ closest approach to Earth since 10th century (1924)
  • WW2: Last cavalry charge in history takes place at Isbushenskij, Russia, Savoia Cavalleria charge Soviet infantry (1942)
  • Fannie Farmer opens cooking school changing forever the way women cook (1902)
  • Patent for first tire chain issued (1904)
  • Rudolph Valentino, silent screen idol, dies at the age of 31 from a ruptured ulcer (1926)

August 24:

  • Gutenberg Bible was bound (1456)
  • War of 1812: British forces captured Washington, DC, & burned down many landmarks including the White House (1814)
  • First transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart (1932)
  • District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States (1912)
  • Act of Uniformity requires English to accept Book of Common Prayer (1662)
  • Rome fell to Alaric and his Visigoth armies when someone opened the city gate from within (410 AD)
  • Mt Vesuvius erupts burying Pompeii & Herculaneum and killing 15,000 (79 AD)
  • Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera (1891)
  • Edith Sampson named 1st African American US delegate to UN (1950)
  • First potato chips prepared in Sarasota Springs, New York (1853)
  • WW2: Luftwaffe bombs London (1940)
  • Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn (1682)
  • The Panic of 1857 begins setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history (1857)
  • Five Baptist congregations met at Jellico Creek, Kentucky, and formed the Church of God of the Mountain Assembly, a Pentecostal denomination (1906)
  • Richmond Daily Dispatch reports 90 blacks arrested for learning (1858)
  • Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron (1869)
  • -127°F, -88°C, in Vostok, Antarctica sets world record 1960)
  • Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid (1215)
  • 6,000 Jews blamed for the Plague are killed in Mainz (1349)
  • Announcement of possible Martian tornadoes (1987)

August 25:

  • John Birch

    Moravian missionaries Dober and Leupold left to sell themselves into slavery so they could preach the Gospel to slaves in St. Thomas (1732)

  • John Birch, an American missionary to China and a captain in the Army during World War 2, is killed by Chinese communists days after the surrender of Japan, for no apparent reason and becomes the first casualty of the Cold War (1945)
  • New York Sun newspaper perpetrates Great Moon Hoax reporting life had been discovered on the moon (1835)
  • WW2: Paris is liberated from the Nazis (1944)
  • Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas (1915)
  • Galileo demonstrates his first telescope to Venetian lawmakers (1609)
  • Japanese scientist Shibasaburo Kitasato discovers the infectious agent of the bubonic plague and publishes his findings in The Lancet (1894)
  • “Little House On The Prairie” author Laura Ingalls Wilder weds Almonzo James Wilder (1885)
  • First skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain, a civil uprising in Logan County, West Virginia (1921)
  • New Orleans founded as hundreds of French pour into Louisiana (1718)
  • Theologian and preacher Andrew Murray’s testimony of his life was published in The Christian Magazine (1895)
  • Matthew Webb becomes first to swim English Channel (1875)
  • US Department of Interior forms National Park Service (1916)
  • Captain James Cook departs from Plymouth, England on his first voyage, on board the Endeavour, bound for the Pacific Ocean (1768)

August 26:

  • 19th Amendment adopted giving women the right to vote (1920)
  • The New Testament of the ASV American Standard Version Bible was first published (1901)
  • WW2: Japanese diplomats board USS Missouri to receive instructions on Japan’s surrender at the end of WWII (1945)
  • First US roller coaster built (1929)
  • Battle of Crecy in Normandy where the English annihilate the French ending the 100 Year War because of the use of a new weapon, the long bow (1346)
  • First televised Major League baseball game (1939)
  • An American in Paris with music by George Gershwin, directed by Vincente Minnell, and starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron premieres in London (1951)
  • Michelangelo was commissioned by Pope Alexander VI to carve the “Pieta” Mary lamenting over the dead body of Jesus (1498)
  • First Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1748)
  • 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee (1874)
  • Harry Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds (1907)
  • Charles Lindbergh dies (1974)

August 27:

  • Krakatoa becomes the most powerful volcanic eruption, destroys island, and affects weather and sea levels around the world. It is heard 3,000 miles away and creates 120-foot tsunamis that killed 36,000 people. (1883)
  • Guinness Book of World Records is first published (1955)
  • WW2:  Prince Fumimaro Konoye, prime minister of Japan, announces that he would like to enter into direct negotiations with President Roosevelt in order to prevent the Japanese conflict with China from expanding into world war (1941)
  • Worst fire in New York in 80 years ends after 4 days (1995)
  • WW2: US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender (1945)
  • Revolutionary War: Battle of Brooklyn (1776)
  • Roman Holiday starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck is released (1953)
  • Books by poet John Milton were ordered burned because of his attacks on the monarchy (1606)
  • Missionary Ludwig I. Nommensen baptized the first four families of the Batak tribe in North Sumatra, now known as Indonesia, to be converted to the Christian faith (1865)

August 28:

  • 200,000 march and demonstrate for African American civil rights in Washington, DC where Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. gives his I Have a Dream speech (1963)
  • Campus Crusade for Christ was incorporated in Los Angeles by founder Bill Bright (1953)
  • WW2: 23,000 Hungarian Jews are murdered by the Gestapo in occupied Ukraine (1941)
  • Vietnam War: Police & anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago’s Demcratic National Convention, and reporter Mike Wallace is punched in the mouth on live TV (1968)
  • US Civil War: 2nd Battle of Bull Run or Manassas at Groveton, Virginia with Union losses of 16,000 and Confederate losses of 9,000 (1862)
  • US Revolutionary War: Battle of Cooch’s Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware (1777)
  • First locomotive in US, Tom Thumb, runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill (1820)
  • Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House (1917)
  • Henry Hudson discovers & explores Delaware Bay (1609)
  • WW1: Germany declares war on Romania (1916)
  • WW1: Italy declares war against Germany (1916)
  • Oldest city in the US, St Augustine Florida, is established (1565)
  • Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue (1845)
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This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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