This Week in History 8/8 – 8/14

HistoryThis Week in History

August 8:

  • US Civil War: After defeat at Battle of Gettysburg, General Lee offers his resignation which is rejected. (1863)
  • WW2: Six convicted Nazi saboteurs who landed in US executed in Washngton, DC (1942)
  • President Harry Truman signs UN Charter (1945)
  • President Nixon announces he’ll resign from office (1974)
  • US Civil War: Tennessee’s military Governor Andrew Johnson frees his personal slaves (1863)
  • Thomas Edison patents mimeograph (1876)
  • US Congress adopts silver dollar & decimal system of money (1786)
  • Swedish immigrant pastor Gustaf Palmquist, founder of Baptist General Conference, baptized his first three converts in the Mississippi River at Rock Island, Illinois (1852)
  • Tower of Antonia in Jerusalem destroyed by Romans (70 AD)
  • Smith & Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges (1854)
  • First national march of Ku Klux Klan (200,000) in Washington, D.C. (1925)
  • USSR establishes a communist government in North Korea (1945)

August 9:

  • Richard Nixon resigns as Vice-President Gerald Ford is sworn in as the only US president not elected to office by a vote (1972)
  • WW2: US drops 2nd atomic bomb “Fat Man” on Japan destroys part of Nagasaki (1945)
  • Elevator patented (1859)
  • Alva Fisher patents electric washing machine (1910)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Cedar Mountain, VA (1862)
  • Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins (1173)
  • Erie boat in Buffalo NY catches fire killing 242 (1841)
  • Opening of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican (1483)
  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty establishes US Canadian border (1842)
  • Charles Manson cult kills 5 people including pregnant actress Sharon Tate (1969)

August 10:

  • US Revolutionary War: Word of the United States Declaration of Independence reaches London (1776)
  • Jewish Temple – Herod’s Temple – set on fire by Romans (70 AD)
  • US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution (1846)
  • Amanda McFarland, missionary to Alaska, becomes the first white woman to settle at Fort Wrangell, Alaska (1877)
  • WW2: Japan decides to accept Postdam terms and unconditionally surrender after two atomic bombings (1945)
  • Red Dawn becomes first PG13 movie released (1984)
  • FDR struck with polio (1921)
  • St. Lawrence martyred by being slowly roasted on a large grill (258 AD)
  • Destruction of Nineveh (612 BC)
  • US Act of Congress passes establishing the Smithsonian Institution, now world’s largest museum and research complex (1846)
  • Six year old Adam Walsh found dead (1981)
  • Missouri admitted as 24th US state (1821)
  • Mobs in Paris attack palace of Louis XVI (1792)
  • Louvre Museum opens in Paris (1793)
  • Earliest recorded prize fighting rules formulated (1743)
  • In Islam, the traditional date of the Laylat al-Qadr, when Muhammad began to receive the Qur’an (610 AD)

August 11:

  • WW2: Allies refuse Japan’s surrender offer to retain Emperor Hirohito (1945)
  • Tempature reaches 136°F, 57.8°C, at San Luis Potosi, Mexico setting a world record (1933)
  • Philip Embury arrived in America to become first Methodist minister in the colonies (1760)
  • East Germany begins building Berlin Wall (1961)
  • Watts race riots begin in Los Angeles (1965)
  • WW2: Nazi mass demonstration against German Jews (1935)
  • During radio voice test US President Reagan jokes he “signed legislation that would outlaw Russia forever. We begin bombing in 5 minutes.” (1984)
  • SOS first used by an American ship off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina (1909)
  • First newsreel pictures of US presidential candidates were taken (1924)
  • Largest Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton ever discovered found in South Dakota (1990)
  • John Wray patents animation (1914)
  • First successful US silver mill in Virginia City, Nevada (1860)
  • WW1: Jews are expelled from Mitchenick Poland (1914)
  • Babe Ruth becomes 1st to hit 500 homers (1929)
  • The Mayan Calendar begins (3114 BC)

August 12:

  • Venus-Jupiter in conjunction-Star of Bethlehem (3 AD)
  • IBM introduces its first Personal Computer, PC & PC-DOS version 1.0 (1981)
  • In Bolivia, after Dave Bacon, Cecil and Bob Dye, George Hosback and Eldon Hunter were martyred by Ayore Indians, a group of Ayoré laid down their weapons and came out of the jungle (1947)
  • Hawaii formally annexed to US (1898)
  • Spanish American War: Peace protocol ending the war was signed (1898)
  • WW1: Great Britain declares war on Austria-Hungary (1914)
  • President Andrew Johnson defies Congress suspending Secretary of War Edwin Stanton (1867)
  • Henry Ford’s company builds the first Model T car (1908)
  • Thomas Edison invents Edisonphone, a sound recording device (1877)
  • Isaac Singer patents sewing machine (1851)
  • Joseph Lister performs first antiseptic surgery (1865)
  • Ebola outbreak death toll exceeds 1,000 (2014)
  • First time 2 people in space (1962)
  • Chuck Colson, Watergate Conspirator and Christian speaker and author, was saved (1973)
  • Anthony Fass patents accordion (1856)
  • Self-proclaimed Emperor Norton of the USA issues edit abolishing the Democratic and Republican parties
  • Chicago is founded (1833)
  • First American police force forms in New Amsterdam which is now New York City (1658)
  • The last quagga, zebra subspecies, dies at the Artis Magistra zoo in Amsterdam (1883)
  • First war between American colonists & Indians ends in New England (1676)

August 13:

  • After a prayer meeting, the Moravian 100 year prayer meeting began ushering in a missionary age that is still going on today. Many, including me, believe this to be the starting date of the Philadelphia Church age in the book of Revelation and the precipice of the first Great Awakening. It is also known as the start of the Missionary Missionary Movement. (1727)
  • Pontianus, great grandson of the Apostle John and leader of the church, after being exiled to work in the mines, died, and his remains were returned to the church for a proper burial (236 AD)
  • Construction of the Berlin Wall begins in East Germany (1961)
  • John Smith’s story of Jamestown’s first days submitted for publication (1608)
  • William Gray patents coin-operated telephone (1889)
  • Earthquakes kill 25,000 in Ecuador and Peru (1868)
  • Invention of stainless steel by Harry Brearley (1913)
  • Litchfield, Connecticut, founded (1651)
  • Revolutionaries imprison French royals including Marie Antoinette (1792)
  • WW1: France declares war on Austria-Hungary (1914)
  • In the German village of Herrnhut, Count Nicolaus von Zinzendorf organized first Moravian community (1727)
  • In Roanoke, Virginia, Manteo became the first American Indian converted to Protestantism, and was baptized into the Church of England by members of Sir Walter Raleigh’s expedition (1587)
  • Spanish conquistadors under Hernán Cortés capture Aztec Emperor Cuauhtémoc in Tenochtitlan marking the end of the Aztec Empire (1521)

V-J Day kiss in NY Times Square

August 14:

  • WW2: V-J Day celebrates Japanese unconditional surrender and end of World War II (1945)
  • War of 1812: American patriot Francis Scott Key was held overnight as a British prisoner during their shelling of Fort McHenry in Baltimore (1814)
  • US Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln receives the first group of African Americans to confer with a US president (1862)
  • Rainbow seen in Northern Wales for a 3 hours (1979)
  • First Welsh immigrants to the American colonies, Quakers, arrived in Pennsylvania (1682)
  • US Revolutionary War: Massachusetts colonists challenge British rule by an elm tree known as the Liberty Tree (1765)
  • WW2: China declares war on Japan (1937)
  • Quakers William Penn, later founder of Pennsylvania, and William Mead were arrested in London for preaching (1670)
  • First US eye hospital, the New York Eye Infirmary, opens in New York City (1820)
  • WW2: Maximilian Kolbe died in Auschwitz after willingly taking another prisoner’s place. Before dying, he led the others condemned to death in hymns and prayers. (1941)
  • WW1: China declares war on Germany (1914)
  • Oregon Territory created (1878)
  • Russians settle Alaska (1784)
  • Japan’s first patent is issued to the inventor of a rust-proof paint (1885)
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This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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