This Week in History 7/25 – 7/31

HistoryThis Week in History

July 25:

  • English engineer George Stephenson introduces the first steam locomotive (1814)
  • First Council of Nicea ended after drafting formula for Easter dates and Nicene Creed (325)
  • Writer Jack London sails to join the Klondike Gold Rush where he will write his first successful stories (1897)
  • The first commercial use of an electric telegraph in London (1837)
  • At Club 500 in Atlantic City, New Jersey, Dean Martin and Jerry Lewis stage their first show as a comedy team (1946)
  • WW2: Benito Mussolini dismissed as Italian Premier and arrested on the authority of King Victor Emmanuel III (1943)
  • The Three Years War begins along the Maine and Massachusetts border (1722)
  • US Congress forms Wyoming Territory taking land out of Dakota, Utah & Idaho (1868)
  • War of 1812: Battle of Niagara Falls where Americans defeat British (1814)
  • North Carolina becomes a royal colony (1729)
  • Explosion at Lake Erie & Cleveland Waterworks (1916)
  • Army refused to overturn 127 year old conviction against Dr Mudd, conspirator in Lincoln assassination (1992)
  • James VI of Scotland is crowned James I of English uniting kingdoms of England and Scotland (1603)
  • Constantine I is proclaimed Roman Emperor by his troops (306 AD)
  • First US troops land & occupy Puerto Rice, at Guanica Bay (1898)
  • Louise Brown, the world’s first test tube baby is born at Oldham General Hospital in England (1978)

July 26:

  • Birth of United States Post Office under Benjamin Franklin (1775)
  • FBI founded (1908)
  • William Wilberforce, the man who fought to rid Great Britain of slavery, heard that the act to end slavery had been passed as he lie on his deathbed (1833)
  • WW2: Declaration of Potsdam is issued when US, Britain and China demand the Japanese surrender (1945)
  • J. Edgar Hoover gets job in US Department of Justice (1917)
  • Chinese government suspends the operations of a Shanghai meat dealer and makes arrests after the company sold out-of-date meat to fast food chains, including McDonald’s and Kentucky Fried Chicken (2014)
  • Fidel Castro begins rebellion, the “26th of July Movement,” against Fulgenico Batista’s regime in Cuba (1953)
  • President Harry Truman orders desegregation of all US forces (1946)
  • The Liberian Declaration of Independence is signed making Liberia a sovereign nation, independent from the American Colonization Society (1847)
  • National Bar Association incorporates (1926)
  • In England, the Disestablishment Bill was passed, officially dissolving the Church of Ireland. Those who defended Church of Ireland became known as the longest word in English dictionary – antidisestablishmentarianism (1869)
  • First automobile trip across the United States from San Francisco to New York City completed by Horatio Nelson Jackson and Sewall K. Crocker (1903)
  • New York becomes 11th state to ratify US constitution (1788)
  • US President George H.W. Bush signs Americans With Disabilities Act (1990)
  • In California, the poet and American West outlaw calling himself “Black Bart” makes his last clean getaway when he steals a safe box from a Wells Fargo stagecoach (1878)

July 27:

  • Jesuit priest Francis Xavier’s ship reaches Japan where he becomes the first Christian missionary in Japan (1549)
  • Bugs Bunny debuts in Wild Hare (1940)
  • Orville Wright tests first US Army airplane (1909)
  • Frederick Banting and Charles Best isolate insulin at the University of Toronto (1921)
  • US Congress establishes Department of Foreign Affairs – State Department (1789)
  • 8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese (1976)
  • US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC (1837)
  • Fire Destroys US Mint in Charlotte, NC (1844)
  • Korean War ends with armistice (1953)
  • US House begins impeachment of President Nixon (1974)
  • Sir Walter Raleigh brings first tobacco to England from Virginia (1589)
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking (1965)
  • US Communist Party forms (1945)
  • Adam John Walsh is abducted at the age of six leading his father to begin lifelong campaign to protect children and champion victim’s rights (1981)
  • Scottish preacher Donald Cargill executed for leading Christians in Scotland to make a covenant with God (1681)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. jailed in Albany Georgia (1962)
  • Bob Hope dies at 100 (2003)
  • WW2: Stalin issues Order 227 outlawing cowards (1943)
  • President Lyndon B. Johnson signs a bill requiring cigarette makers to print health warnings on all cigarette packages about the effects of smoking (1965)

July 28:

  • 14th Amendment guaranteeing African Americans citizenship is adopted (1868)
  • Silent Parade organized by James Weldon Johnson of 10,000 African-American march on 5th Ave in NYC protesting against lynching (1917)
  • Nine coal miners trapped in the flooded Quecreek Mine in Somerset County, Pennsylvania, are rescued after 77 hours underground (2002)
  • Military plane flies into Empire State Building killing 14 (1945)
  • Walt Disney movie Alice In Wonderland released (1951)
  • Total solar eclipse captured on a daguerreotype photograph (1851)
  • WW1: Austria-Hungary decides against mediation and declares war on Serbia – first declaration of war (1914)
  • WW2: Italian Facist dictator Benito Mussolini resigns (1943)
  • First use of fingerprints as a means of identification is made by Sir William James Herschel of the Indian Civil Service (1858)
  • Vietnam War: LBJ sends 50,000 more soldiers to Vietnam (1965)
  • Battle between unemployed war veterans & federal troops, 4 die (1932)
  • French Revolution: Robespierre & 22 other leaders of “the Terror” guillotined to thunderous cheers in Paris (1794)
  • US Senate approves United Nations Charter (1945)
  • Sir Thomas Harriot introduces potatoes to Europe on return to England (1586)
  • City of Miami incorporated (1896)
  • WW2: In Operation Gomorrah, the British bomb Hamburg causing a firestorm that kills 42,000 German civilians (1943)
  • Mob hitman Mad Dog Coll allegedly participates in a kidnapping attempt that results in the shooting death of a child (1931)

July 29:

  • U.S. Army Chaplaincy was founded (1775)
  • First schoolhouse west of Allegheny Mountains completed by Moravians in Schoenbrunn, Ohio and allows boys, girls, and Native Americans to attend (1773)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler becomes leader of the National Socialist German Workers Party (1921)
  • WW2: After delivering the Atomic Bomb across the Pacific, the cruiser USS Indianapolis is torpedoed & sunk by a Japanese submarine (1945)
  • NASA created (1958)
  • Airlift in West-Germany to West-Berlin ends (1949)
  • Robert A. Jaffray, missionary to southeast Asia died in a Japanese prison camp. At the start of the war, he refused to return to native Canada and safety to continue preaching in Asia. (1945)
  • Publication of “Fellowship of the Ring” first volume of “Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien by by George Allen and Unwin in London (1954)
  • Astronomers announce their discovery of dwarf planet Eris (2005)
  • US Civil War: Confederate spy Belle Boyd is arrested by Union troops and detained at the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, DC (1864)
  • Spanish Armada defeat (1588)
  • First eleven women priests in the Episcopal Church were ordained (1974)
  • Publication of Fellowship of the Rings, first in Lord of the Rings trilogy (1954)
  • Walt Disney’s Steamboat Willie debuting Mickey Mouse released (1928)
  • Nathaniel Bacon declared a rebel for assembling frontiersmen to protect settlers from Indians (1676)
  • 200,000 Muslims demand the death of feminist writer Taslima Nasrin in Bangladesh (1994)

July 30:

  • First Penguin book is published, starting the paperback revolution (1935)
  • James Varick becomes first bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Zion church (1822)
  • Mahlon Loomis patents wireless telegraphy (1872)
  • First legislative assembly in America, House of Burgess, in Jamestown, Virginia (1619)
  • New Orleans’s Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150 (1866)
  • In God We Trust became the official U.S. motto (1956)
  • Will Kellogg invents Corn Flakes (1898)
  • Wright Brothers deliver first military plane to the army (1909)
  • George Eastman shows first color motion pictures (1928)
  • US Indian Wars: Chief Pocatello of the Shoshone tribe signs the Treaty of Box Elder, promising to stop harassing the emigrant trails in southern Idaho and northern Utah (1863)
  • City of Baltimore founded (1729)
  • Anti-Jewish rioters attack funeral procession of Rabbi Joseph in New York City (1902)
  • US Civil War: President Lincoln issues “eye-for-eye” order to shoot a rebel prisoner for every black prisoner shot (1863)
  • US President Johnson signs Medicare bill (1965)

July 31:

  • US Revolutionary War: Francis Salvador became the first Jew to die for American independence (1776)
  • The complete New American Standard Version of the Bible (NASB) was first published (1970)
  • Pilgrim Fathers depart Leiden for England before heading to America (1620)
  • US Coast Guard officers’ training school established (1876)
  • WW1: German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize (1914)
  • WW2: Tokyo Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics which is later cancelled (1936)
  • Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant (1961)
  • Hurricane sinks Spanish treasure ships (1715)
  • WW1: German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussian (1942)
  • Battle of Alexandria results in Marc Anthony committing suicide (33 BC)
  • Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses (1751)
  • US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (1912)
  • Department of Health, Education & Welfare created (1953)
  • Jimmy Hoffa disappears (1975)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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