This Week in History 7/18-7/24

HistoryThis Week in History

July 18:

  • Great Fire of Rome begins under the Emperor Nero (64 AD)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler publishes Mein Kampf (1925)
  • Pope’s authority declared void in England (1536)
  • After vote, Pope declared infallible (1870)
  • Teresa of Avila, born in 1515, declared first woman doctor by church (1970)
  • Detroit, Michigan files for bankruptcy to become the largest US municipal bankruptcy at $18.5 Billion (2013)

July 19:

  • After setting Rome on fire, Nero blamed Christians and enacted the first state sponsored persecution. Many were martyred during this time including Apostles Peter and Paul. (64)
  • Rosetta Stone found (1799)
  • First US women’s rights convention held in Seneca Falls, New York (1848)
  • Tennessee is first to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights (1866)
  • George Washington Carver, famous agriculturalist, meets with Henry Ford to start project to make plastic out of soybeans (1942)
  • Astronomer Johannes Kepler has an epiphany and develops his theory of the geometrical basis of the universe (1595)
  • WW2: Hitler orders Great Britain to surrender (1940)
  • Five Massachusetts women were hanged for witchcraft (1692)
  • A meteorite of estimated 190kg mass explodes over Holbrook in Navajo County, Arizona, causing approximately 16,000 pieces of debris to rain down on the town (1912)
  • Apollo 11 orbits the moon (1969)
  • US President Arthur proclaims power to impose quarantine on immigrants (1884)
  • 38 Jews are burned at stake in Berlin, Prussia (1510)
  • The Society for Propagating the Gospel in New England founded for the purpose of converting American Indians to Christian faith (1649)
  • Peasants’ War begins in Germany’s Black Forest (1524)

July 20:

  • Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin from Apollo 11 become first two men to land on the moon (1969)
  • Convention of the Methodist Church votes to allow women to become priests (1926)
  • WW2: Hitler survives an assassination attempt led by Germany army officer Claus Von Stauffenberg (1944)
  • Birth of Jesse Overholtzer, founder of Child Evangelism Fellowship (1877)
  • Congresswoman Alice Mary Robertson became the first woman to preside over the US House of Representatives (1921)
  • Billboard publishes its first singles record chart with “I’ll Never Smile Again” by Tommy Dorsey in the #1 slot (1940)
  • Sitting Bull surrenders (1881)
  • In Washington, D.C., police fire tear gas on World War I veterans part of the Bonus Expeditionary Force who attempt to march to the White House (1932)
  • Anne Hutchinson, Puritan woman preacher who was exiled to Rhode Island, was christened (1591)
  • The Christian Endeavor Society of Missouri began a campaign to ban all motion pictures that depicted kissing between non-relatives (1910)
  • Great Awakening preacher Jonathan Edwards married Sarah Pierpont (1726)

July 21:

  • Neil Armstrong becomes the first man to walk on the moon (1969)
  • US Civil War: First battle of Bull Run (1861)
  • On Bloody Friday, within the space of seventy-five minutes, the Provisional Irish Republican Army explode twenty-two bombs in Belfast killing 9 and injuring 130 (1972)
  • 57 murders occur in 24 hours in New York City (1972)
  • Bill McChesney, missionary to the Republic of Congo now known as Zaire, was martyred (1936)
  • Earnest Hemingway born (1899)
  • Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown. (1865)
  • Albert Schweitzer obtains degree in theology (1900)
  • John T. Scopes was found guilty of teaching evolution in his Dayton, Tennessee classroom and was fined $100 (1925)
  • Jesse James & James Younger gang’s first train robbery in Adair, Iowa (1873)
  • Crete Earthquake followed by tsunami around the Eastern Mediterranean allegedly destroys Alexandria (365 AD)
  • Herostratus sets fire to the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus, one of the Seven Wonders of the World (356 BC)

July 22:

  • The Pilgrims, a small congregation of English Separatists led by John Robinson, set sail to the New World (1620)
  • Second English colony forms off Roanoke Island (1587)
  • US Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of US troops (1775)
  • Cleveland, Ohio founded by General Moses Cleveland (1796)
  • WW2: 300,000 Warsaw Ghetto Jews are sent to Treblinka extermination Camp (1943)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Atlanta (1864)
  • Norway is the victim of twin terror attacks, the first being a bomb blast which targeted government buildings in central Oslo, the second being a massacre at a youth camp on the island of Utøya (2011)
  • US Civil War: US House of Representives votes to restore citizenship to General Robert E. Lee (1975)
  • 10,000 Jews of Polannoe murdered in Chmielnick massacre during Khmelnytsky Uprising (1648)
  • Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Pacific Ocean becoming the first Euro-American to complete a transcontinental crossing of Canada (1793)
  • O.J. Simpson pleads “Absolutely 100% Not Guilty” of murder (1974)

July 23:

  • Ice cream cone created by during St Louis World Fair by Charles E Menches (1904)
  • Cleveland Metropolitan Park District established (1904)
  • Cornerstones are laid for the construction of the Kirtland Temple, first Mormon temple build, in Kirtland, Ohio (1833)
  • The First National Southern Baptist Charismatic Conference closed (1976)
  • US President Nixon refuses to release Watergate tapes of conversations in the White House relevant to the Watergate investigation (1973)
  • Arabs gain control of most of Palestine from Byzantine Empire (636 AD)

July 24:

  • Soviets blockades Berlin from West (1948)
  • George Washington admitted to Virginia House of Burgess (1758)
  • US Civil War: Tennessee becomes first Confederate state readmitted to Union (1866)
  • Apollo 11 returns to the Earth (1969)
  • Instant coffee invented (1938)
  • Benjamin Bonneville leads the first wagon train across the Rocky Mountains by using Wyoming’s South Pass (1832)
  • O. Henry is released from prison in Austin, Texas after serving three years for embezzlement from a bank (1901)
  • Anthony Johnson, a free African American, receives grant of 250 acres in Virginia (1651)
  • Alabama drops charges against 5 blacks accused of rape in Scottsboro (1937)
  • France passes first copyright law (1793)
  • WW1: Tsar Nicholas II of Russia and Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany sign the Björkö Treaty, whereby each country agrees to come to the other’s defense if attacked by European powers (1905)
  • Brigham Young & his Mormon followers arrive at Salt Lake City, Utah (1847)
  • Beginning of a trend, a US commercial plane is hijacked to Cuba (1961)
  • Cyrus Ingerson Scofield, author of the Scofield Reference Bible, dies (1921)
  • Mary Queen of Scots is forced to abdicate; her 1-year-old son becomes King James VI of Scots (1567)
  • WW2: Nazis kill entire Jewish population of Grodz, Lithuania (1941)
  • On Mt. Scopus in Jerusalem, the cornerstone for Hebrew University was laid by Dr.Chaim Weizmann who later became first elected president of modern Israel (1918)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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