This Week in History 7/4 – 7/10

HistoryThis Week in History

July 4:

  • US Revolutionary War: Continental Congress signs and proclaims the through the Declaration of Independence “That these United Colonies are, and of Right ought to be Free and Independent States; that they are Absolved from all Allegiance to the British Crown…” (1776)
  • Founding Fathers and US Presidents Thomas Jefferson and John Adams die (1826)
  • US Revolutionary War: Liberty Bell rings for the 2nd Continental Congress (1776)
  • US Military Academy, West Point, officially opens (1802)
  • US Civil War: General Lee’s army withdraws from Gettysburg (1863)
  •  Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people (1803)
  • First US Independence Day celebration is held (1796)
  • My Country Tis of Thee first performed (1832)
  • Construction begins on B&O, Baltimore-Ohio, first US passenger railroad (1828)
  • Spanish American War: US flag hoisted over Wake Island (1898)
  • Slavery abolished in New York (1827)
  • Wisconsin Territory forms (1836)
  • Texas Congress votes for annexation to US (1845)
  • Walt Whitman’s Leaves of Grass first published (1855)
  • Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland first published (1865)
  • Buffalo Bill Cody presents first wild west show (1883)
  • Chief Engineer James Geddes begins construction on the Erie Canal, one of the first great engineering works in North America (1817)
  • Statue of Liberty presented to US in Paris (1884)
  • WW2: First American bombing mission over enemy-occupied Europe (1942)
  • First edition of Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland is published (1865)
  • Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond (1845)
  • First fireworks are held at Cleveland Stadium (1931)
  • First organized rodeo competition held, Prescott, Arizona (1888)
  • America’s new 49-star flag honoring Alaska statehood unfurled (1959)
  • America’s new 50-star flag honoring Hawaiian statehood unfurled (1960)
  • Brightest known supernova SN 1054, creates the Crab Nebula, first reported by Chinese astronomers (1054)
  • John Frith, an associate of William Tyndale, was martyred by being burned at the stake in England (1533)
  • Hungarian physicist Leo Szilard patents the chain-reaction design for the atomic bomb (1934)
  • City of Providence, Rhode Island forms (1636)
  • LBJ signs Freedom of Information Act (1966)

July 5:

  • Bikini  introduced (1946)
  • First recorded tornado in US (1643)
  • Frederick Douglass, fugitive slave, delivers his ‘What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July?’ speech to the Ladies’ Anti-Slavery Society in Rochester, condemns the celebration as hypocritical sham (1852)
  • War of 1812: Three weeks of British raids on Fort Schlosser, Black Rock and Plattsburgh, New York begin (1813)
  • Salvation Army founded (1865)
  • Isaac Newton’s great work PRINCIPIA published by Royal Society in England outlining his laws of motion and universal gravitation (1687)
  • Law of Return passes, guarantees all Jews right to live in Israel (1950)
  • Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation (1937)
  • US Secret Service begins operating under the Treasury Department (1865)
  • WW2: Liberation of the Philippines declared (1945)
  • 26th amendment to the US constitution certified reducing voting age to 18 (1971)

July 6:

  • Congress unanimously resolves US currency named “dollar” & adopts decimal coinage (1785)
  • Louis Pasteur successfully tests an anti-rabies vaccine (1885)
  • US Revolutionary War: Congress issues “Declaration of the Causes & Necessity of Taking up Arms,” listing grievances but denying intent to be independent (1775)
  • Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo (1848)
  • Martyrdom of Jan Hus, Czech reformer, who was condemned for heresy and burned at the stake because of his outspoken appeals for church reform and for political and religious rights for the common people (1416)
  • National Black convention meets in Rochester, New York (1853)
  • WW2: Anne Frank’s family goes into hiding in After House, Amsterdam (1942)
  • Birth of William McKendree, colonial American church leader who was ordained the first American-born bishop of the Methodist Episcopal Church (1757)
  • Abbott and Costello’s film “The Naughty Nineties” released featuring longest version of their “Who’s on First” routine (1945)
  • WW2: Georges Mandel, French patriot, is executed (1946)
  • Birth of Harold J. Ockenga, founder Fuller Theological Seminary in California (1906)
  • English Catholic theologian Thomas More was beheaded for refusing to recognize Henry VIII as supreme head of the Church of England (1535)

July 7:

  • Chocolate first introduced to Europe (1550)
  • First women FBI members sworn in (1972)
  • US annexs California (1846)
  • US annexes Hawaii (1898)
  • First comic book “The Wasp” is published (1802)
  • US Civil War: First military draft by US (1863)
  • Sandra Day O’Connor becomes first woman nominated for the Supreme Court (1981)
  • Construction begins on Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam (1930)
  • A retrial verdict acquits Joan of Arc of heresy 25 years after her death (1456)
  • US Civil War: Orders barring Jews from serving under US General Ulysses S. Grant are revoked (1863)
  • WW2: Nazis executed 5,000 Jews in Kovono, Lithuania (1941)
  • British Museum founded by an Act of Parliament (1753)

July 8:

  • Procopius becomes first Palestinian martyr (303 AD)
  • During first Great Awakening, Jonathan Edwards preached Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God which so convicted the congregation, some held onto pillars afraid they might go to Hell before having a chance to repent. (1741)
  • US Revolutionary War: Colonel John Nixon gave first public reading of Decaration of Independence in Philadelphia (1776)
  • Following restoration of the English monarchy, a new charter was issued to the American colony of Rhode Island guaranteeing freedom of religion (1663)
  • Vermont introduces new constitution making it first US state to abolish slavery (1777)
  • US Revolutionary War: George Washington headquarters at West Point for his Continental Army (1778)
  • Liberty Bell cracks again (1835)
  • Korean War: General Douglas MacArthur named commander-in-chief of UN force (1950)
  • Dr Benjamin Waterhouse gives first cowpox vaccination in the US to his son to prevent smallpox (1800)
  • US State Department issues first US passport (1796)
  • Depression low point of Dow Jones Industrial Average, 41.22 (1932)
  • NYC authorizes first police uniforms in American colonies (1693)
  • In First Crusade, 15,000 starving Christian soldiers march in religious procession around Jerusalem as its Muslim defenders look on (1099)

July 9:

  • US Revolutionary War: Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington’s troops (1776)
  • World’s largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother’s – Barnum & Bailey performance killing 168 (1944)
  • First natural gas well in US is discovered (1815)
  • WW2: German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms (1940)
  • Moravian missionary Georg Schmidt was the first protestant missionary to arrive in South Africa (1737)
  • Daniel Williams performs first successful open heart surgery without anesthesia (1893)
  • Lady Jane Grey is proclaimed queen of England but only serves 9 days before being disposed (1553)
  • Death of Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury who formulated the original division of the Bible into chapters (1228)
  • Birth of William Cameron Townsend, American missionary and linguist who established Wycliffe Bible Translators (1896)
  • 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tennessee (1918)
  • Corncob pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented (1869)
  • Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran (1999)
  • WW2: US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany (1951)
  • Dick Clark’s first appearance as host of American Bandstand (1956)

July 10:

  • Wyoming becomes 44th US state and the first to allow women to vote (1899)
  • Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. arrested during demonstration in Georgia (1962)
  • WW2: Battle of Britain begins as Nazi forces attack shipping convoys in the English Channel (1940)
  • Death Valley, California hits 134 °F, highest temp ever recorded in US (1915)
  • US Revolutionary War: Louis XVI of France declares war on the Kingdom of Great Britain (1778)
  • US Revolutionary War: Horatio Gates issues order excluding blacks from Continental Army (1775)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Charleston (1863)
  • Origin of Armenian calendar (552 AD)
  • US Civil War: Lincoln writes to Kentucky’s militia & says Union troops will not enter that state (1861)
  • Birth of John Calvin, founder of Calvinism (1509)
  • The most severe of several early fires of London burns most of the city to the ground (1212)
  • The famous ‘Scopes Monkey Trial’ began in Dayton, TN, after high school biology teacher John T. Scopes was charged with teaching evolution to his students (1925)
  • According to legend, Lady Godiva rides naked on horseback through Coventry to force her husband, the Earl of Mercia, to lower taxes (1040)
  • The city of Dublin is founded on the banks of the river Liffey (988 AD)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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