This Week in History 6/27 – 7/3

HistoryThis Week in History

June 27:

  • Great Awakening preacher George Whitefield preached his first sermon when the glory of God fell so strongly that some complained to the bishop that some had gone mad (1736)
  • US Revolutionary War: Liberty Bell came home to Philadelphia after the British departure (1778)
  • Prudence Crandall, a white woman, arrested for conducting an academy for black females at Canterbury, Connecticut (1833)
  • Joseph Smith, founder of the Mormons, and his brother Hyrum were lynched by a mob in Carthage, Illinois (1844)
  • First woman’s magazine “Ladies’ Mercury” published (1693)
  • Civil War: Battle of Kennesaw Mountain in Georgia (1864)
  • World’s first ATM is installed in Enfield, London (1967)
  • Newberry Medal first presented for kids literature (1922)
  • WW2: FBI captures 8 Nazi saboteurs from a sub off NY’s Long Island (1942)
  • Route 66, Chicago to Santa Monica, is decertified (1985)
  • First color TV demonstration in New York City (1929)
  • US president Nixon visits USSR (1974)
  • US sends 35 military advisers to South Vietnam (1950)
  • WW2: Soviet Army attacks Romania (1940)
  • WW2: Bialystok Poland falls to Germany (1941)
  • Juan Rodriguez Cabrillo claims California for Spain (1542)
  • Federal Savings & Loan Association created (1934)
  • Great stock crash on NY stock exchange (1893)

June 28:

  • US Revolutionary War: Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress (1776)
  • Vietnam War: First US ground combat forces in Vietnam authorized by President Lyndon B. Johnson (1965)
  • WW1: Treaty of Versailles, ending WWI and establishing the League of Nations, is signed in France (1919)
  • Saxophone is patented by Antoine Joseph Sax (1846)
  • US President James Madison, drafter of the Constitution, recorder of the Constitutional Convention, author of the “Federalist Papers” and fourth president of the United States, dies on his tobacco plantation in Virginia (1836)
  • First woman was admitted to Air Force Academy (1976)
  • First reported counterfeiting attempt in Boston (1762)
  • WW1: Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie assassinated in Sarajevo by young Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip (1914)
  • Quakers open a school for blacks in Philadelphia (1770)
  • FDR orders a federal gold vault to be built at Fort Knox, Kentucky (1935)
  • WW2: German & Romanian soldiers kill 11,000 Jews in Kishinev (1941)
  • US Revolutionary War: Charleston, South Carolina repulses British sea attack (1776)
  • Labor Day established as a holiday for federal employees (1894)
  • Coronation of Queen Victoria in Westminster Abbey, London (1838)
  • The U.S. Supreme Court declared that state underwriting of nonreligious instruction in parochial schools was unconstitutional (1971)
  • WW2: The Japanese puppet state of Mengjiang is formed in northern China (1936)
  • Prince Charles & Lady Diana name their baby “William” (1982)

June 29:

  • Apostle Paul was beheaded with a sword near Rome according to The People’s Chronology (67 AD)
  • US National Forest Service organized (1891)
  • US Civil Rights Act of 1964 passed (1964)
  • First draft of Star Trek’s pilot “Cage” released (1964)
  • Israel removes barricades re-unifying Jerusalem (1967)
  • The first ‘holiness’ conference opened at Keswick, England (1875)
  • First U.S. missionary society was organized, the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (1810)
  • Pastor Meng Ch’ang-ch’un was martyred during Boxer Rebellion in China after helping missionaries get to safety when he refused to hide or run (1900)
  • US Federal interstate highway system act signed (1956)
  • US Civil War: General Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania (1863)
  • US Revolutionary War: British pass Townshend Revenue Act levying taxes on America (1767)
  • US Revolutionary War: Virginia state constitution adopted and Patrick Henry made governor (1776)
  • Vietnam War: US planes bombed Hanoi & Haiphong for first time (1966)
  • First known recording of classical music made, Handel’s Israel in Egypt on wax cylinder (1888)
  • Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre burns down (1613)
  • US Civil War: George Armstrong Custer, aged 23 appointed Union Brigadier General (1863)
  • South Africa begins implementing apartheid; no mixed marriages (1949)
  • Supreme Court rules, 5-4, that death penalty is cruel & unusual (1972)

June 30:

  • Eight alleged conspirators in assassination of President Lincoln are found guilty (1865)
  • WW2: Night of Long Knives where Hitler stages a bloody purge of the Nazi party (1934)
  • Congress creates Indian Territory, now Oklahoma (1834)
  • Mrs. Martin Luther King, Sr., and a church deacon were slain by a crazed gunman in Atlanta’s Ebenezer Baptist Church, where her son, the assassinated civil rights leader, once preached (1974)
  • Birth date of first Superman comic (1938)
  • Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell published (1936)
  • Ohio becomes 38th state to approve of lower voting age to 18, thus ratifying 26th amendment (1971)
  • Soviet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov defects to west (1974)
  • Last British troops leave Israel (1948)
  • James Stephen, the man who helped Wilberforce end slavery in England, was born (1758)
  • US Congress passes the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act (1906)
  • 40 hour work week law approved for US federal employees (1936)
  • Johnny Carson Show debuts (1955)
  • Benjamin Randall organized a fellowship of churches known as Free Will Baptists (1780)

July 1:

  • US Civil War: Battle of Gettysburg begins (1863)
  • Spanish-American War: Teddy Roosevelt & his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill (1898)
  • Earliest recorded Methodist camp meeting in America held in Logan County, Kentucky near Gaspar River Church (1800)
  • Geronimo was baptized into the Methodist Church in Medicine Creek, Oklahoma Territory (1903)
  • US Revolutionary War: First vote on Declaration of Independence (1776)
  • World’s first air force established as part of US Army (1907)
  • Albert Einstein introduces his theory of relativity (1905)
  • US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington (1836)
  • Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem (70 AD)
  • Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole (1831)
  • Protestant preacher John Bradford martyred by being burned at the stake by Queen Mary three days after he stopped the assassination of a Catholic bishop (1555)
  • WW2: German Nazi regime declares that married women shouldn’t work (1933)
  • The Gideons were founded by three traveling businessmen (1899)
  • Congress outlaws polygamy for the first time (1862)
  • First burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands (1517)
  • In China, sunglasses are invented (1200)
  • Birth date of Popeye (1929)
  • First Quakers, Mary Fisher and Ann Austin, arrive in Boston and are arrested (1656)
  • Gideon Society founded by three traveling businessmen (1899)
  • Congress outlaws polygamy (1862)
  • First US zoo opens in Philadelphia (1874)
  • Coca-Cola brings current coke formula without cocaine to the market (1916)
  • Birth of Andrae Crouch, Gospel composer and artist (1942)
  • U.S. Supreme Court ruled that public school teachers may not enter parochial school classrooms to provide remedial or enrichment instruction (1985)
  • US postal service institutes Zone Improvement Plan – zip code (1963)
  • The US Supreme Court rules that family-owned corporations can reject provision of ‘Obamacare’ on religious grounds (2014)

July 2:

  • US Revolutionary War: Continental Congress resolves “these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States” (1776)
  • US President James Garfield shot by anarchist Charles J. Guiteau and dies 81 days later (1881)
  • US Revolutionary War: John Dickenson abstains from vote to declare US independence (1776)
  • US Civil War: Second Day of the Battle of Gettysburg (1863)
  • WW2: Hitler orders invasion of Britain (1940)
  • An alligator falls from sky during a thunderstorm in Charleston, South Carolina (1843)
  • WW1: US President Warren G. Harding signs a joint congressional resolution declaring the official end of war with Germany (1921)
  • US Army Air Corp created (1926)
  • Supreme Court rules death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual (1976)
  • Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean (1937)
  • Evangelical Pastor Martinez Quintana was martyred by a mob in Columbia (1950)
  • First Bible in America printed in English was published in Boston (1752)
  • William Booth preached the first of nine sermons in a tattered tent under the name of the East London Christian Mission which later became known as the Salvation Army (1865)
  • Thomas Savery patents the first steam engine (1698)
  • WW2: Nazi mass murder of 7,000 in Lvov/Lemberg (1941)
  • King James II disbands English parliament (1687)

July 3:

  • Apostle Thomas martyred by pagan priest in India according to tradition (35 AD)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Gettysburg won by Union Army (1863)
  • US Revolutionary War: General Washington takes command of Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts (1775)
  • US Civil War: Confederate veterans at the Great Reunion of 1913 reenact Pickett’s Charge; upon reaching the high-water mark of the Confederacy they are met by the outstretched hands of friendship from Union survivors (1919)
  • US Civil War: FDR dedicates the Eternal Light Peace Memorial and lights the eternal flame at Gettysburg Battlefield (1938)
  • Pony Express completes first run from New York to San Francisco (1861)
  • US Revolutionary War: British forces massacre 360 men, women, & children in Wyoming, Pennsylvania (1778)
  • War of 1812: Americans capture Fort Erie, Canada (1818)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Chattahoochee River (1864)
  • French and Indian War: George Washington surrenders to French, Fort Necessity (1754)
  • US Veterans Administration created (1930)
  • 252,288 people set a record passing through Grand Central Station, NYC (1947)
  • Dow Jones published it’s first stock average (1884)
  • Korean War: first time US & North Korean forces clash (1950)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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