This Week in History 6/20 – 6/26

HistoryThis Week in History

June 20:

  • Samuel Morse patents telegraph (1840)
  • Congress adopts Great Seal of the United States (1782)
  • WW2: Nazis begin mass extermination of Jews at Auschwitz (1944)
  • A band of Moravian missionaries landed on the shores of Alaska and founded the Bethel Mission (1885)
  • First female PhD from an American University earned by Caroline Willard Baldwin in Science at Cornell University (1895)
  • Queen Victoria at 18 ascends British throne following death of uncle King William IV (1837)
  • The Synod of Diamper reunited a native church in India established by the Apostle Thomas with Rome (1599)
  • 320 ton Savannah, first steamship to cross any ocean, crosses the Atlantic (1819)
  • US Civil War: West Virginia secedes from Virginia and is admitted as 35th US State (1863)
  • President Andrew Johnson announces purchase of Alaska (1867)
  • The University of Oxford receives its charter (1214)
  • English mathematician Andrew Wiles proves last theorem of Fermat (1993)
  • Klu Klux Klan trials begin in Mississippi (1870)
  • John Dillinger is informally named America’s first Public Enemy Number One (1934)
  • Lizzie Borden acquitted of the 1892 axe murders of her father and stepmother in Fall River, Massachusetts (1893)
  • Black Hole of Calcutta – 146 British soldiers imprisoned in small dungeon in Calcutta, India where most die (1756)
  • Heat wave peaks in southern Pakistan, goes on to kill about 2,000 people from dehydration and heat stroke (2015)
  • Samuel Robbins Brown, one of the first missionaries to Japan, died (1880)
  • Clement VII and Holy Roman Emperor Charles V signed the Peace of Barcelona, which ended attacks on Rome by the Lutheran armies (1529)

June 21:

  • US Constitution ratified (1788)
  • 1st Ferris wheel premieres in Chicago (1893)
  • WW2: US defeat Japanese on Okinawa (1945)
  • Three civil rights workers, Michael H Schwerner, Andrew Goodman & James E Chane, killed by Klu Klux Klan after release from a Mississippi jail (1964)
  • The U.S. Supreme Court hands down its decision in Guinn v. United States 238 US 347 1915, striking down an Oklahoma law denying the right to vote to some citizens (1915)
  • Space Ship One becomes the first privately funded spaceplane to achieve spaceflight (2004)
  • The African Methodist Episcopal AME Zion Church was formally constituted in New York City (1821)
  • Drake and his men participate in first Anglican church service, probably the first Christian service, in the new world (1579)
  • Jaws movie opens (1975)
  • American inventor and businessman Cyrus Hall McCormick patents the reaping machine (1834)
  • First Protestant Episcopal church in America established in Jamestown (1607)
  • F.W. Woolworth opens first store which fails almost immediately (1879)
  • French Revolution: Fleeing French King Louis XVI and family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne (1791)
  • Increase Mather, early American theologian who published nearly 100 books, and is credited with helping end executions for witchcraft in colonial America, was born (1639)
  • Jews are expelled from Nurenberg Bavaria by Emperor Maximillian (1498)

June 22:

  • Donut created (1747)
  • A Roman soldier, Alban, became the first martyr in England after harboring a priest and taking his place. Alban was tortured and given a chance to renounce Christ but wouldn’t. The soldier who was to behead Alban was so awed that he refused to do the job, becoming a Christian himself on the spot. Another soldier was ordered to behead them both. (208)
  • President Nixon signs 26th amendment lowering voting age to 18 (1970)
  • Cleveland, Ohio’s Cuyahoga River catches fire (1969)
  • The Palestine Exploration Fund was first organized with the purpose to provide information about the archaeology, the history and the people of the Holy Land (1865)
  • Galileo appears before inquisition and is forced to recant his views that the Earth orbits the sun (1663)
  • John Dillinger named America’s first Public Enemy Number One (1934)
  • Queen Elizabeth’s first Anglican Prayer Book is published (1559)
  • Henry Hudson set adrift in Hudson Bay by mutineers on his ship Discovery & never seen again (1611)
  • Great Awakening preacher Jonathan Edwards dismissed from his Congregational pulpit in Northampton, Massachusetts for refusing to allow non-Christians to become members or accept communion (1750)

June 23:

  • Revolutionary War: Final draft of Declaration of Independence submitted to Continental Congress (1776)
  • English Quaker William Penn signed his famous treaty with the Lenape Indians of Pennsylvania that was never sworn to or broken (1683)
  • First twelve women graduate from Harvard Medical School (1949)
  • US Federal judge rules race separation must end in Little Rock, Arkansas (1958)
  • The Antarctic Treaty, ensuring that Antarctica is used for peaceful purposes; for international cooperation in scientific research; and does not become the scene or object of international discord, comes into force (1961)
  • Dutch Reformed Church accepts women ministers (1958)
  • First US balloon flight (1784)
  • World’s oldest parliament, the Icelandic Parliament, the Alþingi, established (1930)
  • Japan signs security treaty with the US (1960)
  • Frederick Douglas becomes 1st African-American nominated for president (1888)
  • Dan Beach Bradley, doctor, newspaperman, and first missionary to Siam (Thailand) dies (1873)
  • Mercedes registered as brand name for car company (1902)
  • Landslides create 3-mile long Slide Lake in Gros Ventre, Wyoming (1925)
  • Convicted Manhattan Project spy Klaus Fuchs is released after only nine years in prison (1959)
  • First extraterrestrial message sent from Earth into space (1974)

June 24:

  • US Civil War: Tennessee becomes 11th and last state to secede from Union (1861)
  • Soviet Union begins Berlin Blockade (1948)
  • New Jersey Colony founded (1664)
  • WW 2: Entire Jewish male population of Gorzhdy Lithuania exterminated (1941)
  • Decision to hold modern Olympics every 4 years (1894)
  • U.S. Supreme Court rules that obscenity is not protected by the First Amendment in Roth v. United States (1957)
  • US Supreme Court rules president can’t be sued for actions in office (1982)
  • John Cabot claims Eastern Canada for England believing he found Asia in Nova Scotia (1497)
  • IRS reveals President Jimmy Carter paid no taxes in 1976 (1977)
  • Death of Orville J. Nave, U.S. Armed Services chaplain and compiler of the popular Nave’s Topical Bible (1917)
  • Mary Pickford becomes the first female film star to get a million dollar contract (1916)
  • First exhibition by Pablo Picasso opens in Paris (1901)
  • Gadsden Purchase 29,670-square-mile from Mexico, now southern Arizona and New Mexico, for $10 million signed by President Franklin Pierce (1853)
  • United Church of Christ in Japan was founded (1941)
  • First Free Masons’ grand lodge founded in London (1717)
  • A sudden outbreak of St. John’s Dance causes people in the streets of Aachen, Germany, to experience hallucinations and begin to jump and twitch uncontrollably until they collapse from exhaustion (1374)

June 25:

  • First blood transfusion performed by French Doctor Jean-Baptiste Denys (1667)
  • First barbed wire patented by Lucien B Smith of Ohio (1867)
  • US Supreme Court rules school prayer unconstitutional (1962)
  • John and Charles Wesley and four other clergymen hold first Methodist Conference in London (1744)
  • WW2: Major General Dwight Eisenhower appointed commander of US forces in Europe (1945)
  • Korean conflict begins; North Korea invades South Korea (1950)
  • Mann Act passed stating no man can take a women across state lines for immoral purposes (1910)
  • Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876)
  • The US Supreme Court rules that police cannot examine the digital contents of a cell phone without a court order (2014)
  • 5 Canterbury monks report something exploding on Moon (1178)
  • The German Book of Concord was published, containing all the official confessions of the Lutheran Church (1580)
  • Anne Frank’s diary published in Netherlands (1947)
  • President Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam, now known as Hoover Dam (1929)
  • FDR issues Executive Order 8802 forbidding discrimination (1941)
  • Herbert Hoover authorizes building of Boulder Dam, now called Hoover Dam (1929)
  • Racial unrest in Detroit (1943)
  • Elena Cornaro Piscopia, a Venetian, is awarded a doctorate of philosophy – first woman to receive a university doctoral decree (1678)
  • Lunar eclipse is first astronomical event recorded in the American Colonies (1638)

June 26:

  • United Nations Charter signed (1945)
  • First movie theater in US opens (1896)
  • US Revolutionary War: Delaware patriot Caesar Rodney who rode on horseback all night to Philadelphia to cast deciding vote on independence died (1784)
  • Iaac Barton Kimbrough, a Tennessee preacher who led thousands to Christ, was robbed of money he collected for a Christian college, but after urging the robbers to repent, he convinced them to donate to the cause instead (1886)
  • Missionary J. Hudson Taylor founded the China Inland Mission (1865)
  • Pied Piper lures 130 children of Hamelin away – actually happened (1284)
  • Karl Benz of Germany receives US patent for gasoline-driven auto (1894)
  • Berlin airlift begins (1948)
  • U.S. Supreme Court’s rules unanimously in “O’Connor v. Donaldson” that non-dangerous people can’t be confined to psychiatric facilities without adequate treatment if able to live viably in outside society (1975)
  • U.S. Supreme Court strikes down Internet indecency law (1997)
  • Toothbrush invented (1498)
  • Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States (1870)
  • The Indian Relief Act, passes after a protracted period of Passive Resistance led by Gandhi (1914)
  • Francisco Pizarro, governor of Peru and conqueror of the Incas, assassinated by Spanish rebels (1541)
  • FDR signs Federal Credit Union Act, establishing Credit Unions (1934)
  • Mother Javouhey sailed with 100 people to the outcast colony of French New Giana in South Africa, which also included Devil’s Island (1828)
  • Birth of Pearl S. Buck, American Presbyterian missionary to China and author of the 1931 best-seller, The Good Earth. (1892)
  • US Supreme Court rules 5-4 same-sex marriage is a legal right across all US states (2015)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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