This Week in History 6/13 – 6/19

HistoryThis Week in History

June 13: 

  • US Civil War: US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment allowing former slaves to have equal protection and rights of citizenship (1866)
  • WW2: Paris evacuates before German advance (1940)
  • WW1: Deadliest German air raid on London carried out by Gotha G bombers and results in 162 deaths, including 46 children, and 432 injuries (1917)
  • Supreme Court’s Miranda decision; suspect must be informed of rights (1966)
  • US Civil War: President Andrew Johnson proclaims reconstruction of confederate states (1865)
  • Thomas Jefferson subpoenaed in Aaron Burr’s treason trial (1807)
  • Post Office says children could not be sent by parcel post (1920)
  • WW2: German Secret State Police, Gestapo, established by Hermann Goering (1933)
  • Thurgood Marshall nominated as first black Supreme Court justice (1967)
  • WW2: US Office of Strategic Services, OSS, formed (1942)
  • US Revolutionary War: Marquis de Lafayette lands in US (1777)
  • German Reformer Martin Luther married former nun Katherine von Bora (1525)
  • Rhode Island becomes first colony to prohibit importation of slaves (1774)
  • Charles Jenkins demonstrates the transmission of synchronized pictures and sound, early television (1925)
  • Mrs Alexander Hamilton serves ice cream for dessert to Washington (1789)
  • US Congress creates Department of Labor (1888)
  • Ticker-tape parade welcomes Charles A Lindbergh to NYC (1927)
  • Yukon Territory of Canada organized, Dawson chosen as capital (1898)
  • Longest attack of hiccups begins Charlie Osborne, 98 hiccupped over 435 million times before it stops and dies 11 months after it stops (1922)
  • Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch (1937)
  • First Nudist Colony opens (1930)

June 14:

  • US Army founded (1775)
  • US Revolutionary War: Continental Congress adopts Stars & Stripes replacing Grand Union flag (1777)
  • President Eisenhower signed a congressional resolution which added the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance (1956)
  • Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin, is born (1811)
  • WW2: Auschwitz, largest of the Nazi concentration camps, was first opened near Krakow, Poland (1940)
  • WW2: Germans enter Paris (1940)
  • First compulsory education law in America passed by Massachusetts (1642)
  • First commercial computer, UNIVAC 1, enters service at Census Bureau (1951)
  • Fire destroys part of San Francisco (1850)
  • WW2: Anne Frank begins her diary (1942)
  • Walt Disney’s Bambi is released (1942)
  • Robert Norden became licensed pastor of the Baptist congregation in Prince George County — the first Baptist church organized within the American colony of Virginia (1715)
  • Estonia loses 11,000 inhabitants as a consequence of mass deportations into Siberia (1941)
  • The Southern Baptist Convention passed a resolution opposing the ordination of women for ministry in the Baptist Church (1984)
  • In Boston, the King’s Chapel, first Anglican church in New England, was organized (1686)

June 15:

  • US Revolutionary War: George Washington appointed commander-in-chief of American Army (1775)
  • Oregon Treaty signed, setting US-British boundary at 49°N (1846)
  • Goodyear patents vulcanization of rubber (1844)
  • J. Edgar Hoover becomes director of FBI (1924)
  • Researcher George Soper publishes the results of his investigation into recent typhoid outbreaks in the New York area and announces that Mary Mallon, Typhoid Mary, is the likely source of the outbreak (1907)
  • Native Americans are proclaimed US citizens (1924)
  • US Civil War: Robert E. Lee’s home, Arlington, Virginia, becomes a military cemetery (1866))
  • King John signs Magna Carta at Runnymede, near Windsor, England (1215)
  • Arkansas becomes 25th state of the Union (1826)
  • US House of Representatives passes resolution to annex Hawaii (1898)
  • 12th amendment to the US constitution ratified; deals with regulating judicial power (1804)
  • Henry Ossian Flipper becomes first African American to graduate from West Point Military Academy (1877)
  • Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile (1924)
  • Boys Scouts of America forms (1916)
  • Magna Carta made law in England (1215)
  • Great Smokey Mountains National Park dedicated (1934)
  • Margaret Jones of Charlestown became the first person tried and executed for witchcraft in colonial Massachusetts (1649)
  • US marines attack Spanish off Guantánamo, Cuba (1898)
  • Tsunamis after earthquake floods NE coast of Japan, kills 28,000 (1876)
  • Assyrians record a solar eclipse (763 BC)
  • Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II abolishes the elite Janissary corps executing thousands for treason to make way for a more modern army (1826)
  • WW1: Wilhelm II becomes Emperor of Germany (1888)
  • Real estate mogul Donald Trump launches his campaign for President (2015)

June 16:

  • Abraham Lincoln says “A house divided against itself cannot stand” accepting Illinois Republican Party’s nomination for the Senate (1858)
  • Botulph, missionary to England, drove evil spirits from Ox Island (660)
  • In Coney Island, NY, first roller coaster opens (1884)
  • US Revolutionary War: Spain declares war on Great Britain in support of the US, and the siege of Gibraltar begins (1779)
  • Leonid Brezhnev named Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1977)
  • Denmark Vessy leads slave rebellion in South Carolina (1822)
  • Salvation Army forms in London (1880)
  • Pope Leo X condemns Martin Luther’s writings (1520)
  • Birth of Pepsi Cola Company (1903)
  • US Revolutionary War: Battle of Bennington-New England’s Green Mountain Boys rout British (1777)
  • US Congress accepts FDR’s “New Deal” (1935)
  • The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology (1871)
  • Temperature hits 127°F at Fort Mojave, California (1896)
  • Holland forbids orange clothes (1784)
  • The Victoria Hall Theatre panic in Sunderland, England kills 183 children (1883)
  • Judge directs US colony Virginia to English crown (1624)
  • Mary, Queen of Scots, imprisoned in Lochleven Castle prison Scotland (1567)

June 17:

  • Moravians began 100 year round the clock prayer meeting at Herrnhut, Germany in what some consider the catalyst of the First Great Awakening (1727)
  • Birth of John Wesley, founder of Methodism (1703)
  • WW2: Japan declares war on China (1938)
  • WW2: France asks Germany for terms of surrender (1940)
  • WW2: General De Gaulle departs Bordeaux for London (1940)
  • Charles Goodyear obtains his first rubber patent (1837)
  • Statue of Liberty arrives in New York Harbor (1885)
  • Edwin Land patents Polaroid camera (1970)
  • US Revolutionary War: Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
  • US Bureau of Indian Affairs established (1824)
  • With the death of the last individual, the Dusky Seaside Sparrow becomes extinct (1987)
  • Republican Party opens its first national convention in Philadelphia (1856)
  • South Africa abolishes last of its apartheid laws (1991)
  • Mumtaz Mahal dies during childbirth, and her husband, Mughal emperor Shah Jahan I, spends more than 20 years building her tomb, the Taj Mahal (1631)
  • Watergate burglars arrested (1972)
  • Last public guillotining in France (1939)
  • LA cops chase OJ Simpson’s Ford Bronco on live TV for 1½ hours until he eventually gives up (1994)
  • Anti-English uprising in Ireland (1579)
  • Day of Unity in West Germany (1945)
  • Massachusetts orders priest to leave the colony (1700)
  • WW2: USSR occupies Estonia (1940)
  • The League to Enforce Peace is organised at Independence Hall in Philadelphia with William Howard Taft as president; its program anticipates the League of Nations (1915)

June 18:

  • Supreme Court bans racial discrimination in sale & rental of housing (1968)
  • War of 1812: US declares war against Britain (1812)
  • WW2: Winston Churchill’s “this was their finest hour” speech urging perseverance during Battle of Britain delivered to British House of Commons (1940)
  • WW2: General Charles de Gaulle on BBC tells French to defy Nazi occupiers (1940)
  • US Revolutionary War: British abandon Philadelphia (1778)
  • Sally Ride becomes the first US woman in space (1983)
  • WW2: German submarine U-767 sunk by English Navy destroyers in the English Channel (1945)
  • First Baptist church established in Kentucky by Daniel Boone’s brother (1781)
  • Susan B. Anthony fined $100 for voting for President (1873)
  • Space Shuttle test model Enterprise carries a crew aloft for first time fixed to a modified Boeing 747 (1977)
  • WW2: Bernard W Robinson, becomes first black ensign in US Navy (1942)
  • The Chicago national Republican Convention splits between President Taft and Theodore Roosevelt after Taft is nominated leading to Roosevelt to form the Progressive Party also known as the Bull Moose Party (1912)
  • American aviator Amelia Earhart becomes the first woman to fly across the Atlantic Ocean landing at Burry Port, Wales (1928)
  • The AIDS epidemic is formally recognized by medical professionals in San Francisco, California (1981)
  • Macadamia nuts first planted in Hawaii (1892)
  • Anne Askew burned at the stake for teaching that the Lord’s Supper is not literally the body and blood of Christ, but rather a sacred symbol of it (1546)
  • Bernard Mizeki, minister in South Rhodesia, killed for sharing the Gospel with African tribes in Mashona (1896)
  • WW2: German occupiers slaughter cattle, pigs & chickens (1940)
  • WW2: William Joyce, Lord Haw-Haw, charged with treason (1945)
  • William Penn founds Philadelphia (1682)
  • At Battle of Waterloo, Napoleon and France defeated by British forces under Wellington and Prussian troops under Blucher (1815)
  • Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev visits the US and President Nixon (1973)
  • Ted Kaczynski, suspected of being the Unabomber, is indicted on ten criminal counts (1996)

June 19:

  • First celebration of Father’s Day (1910)
  • Civil Rights Act of 1964 passes 73-27 (1964)
  • US Civil War: Slavery outlawed in US territories (1862)
  • The Supreme Court struck down a Louisiana law requiring public schools to teach creationism if they taught evolutionism (1987)
  • Julius and Ethel Rosenberg, who were convicted of conspiring to pass U.S. atomic secrets to the Soviets, are executed (1953)
  • US Civil War: Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas (1865)
  • US Civil War: Siege of Richmond, Virginia (1865)
  • First officially recognized baseball game  – NY Nines 23 defeat Knickerbockers 1 at Hoboken, New Jersey (1846)
  • Cheerios Cereal invents an O-shaped cereal (1941)
  • At about 4:30 pm, Stephen King is hit by a car on the shoulder of Route 5, in Lovell, Maine where he suffers numerous injuries, including a collapsed right lung, multiple fractures of his right leg, scalp laceration and a broken hip (1999)
  • Birthday of Congregationalism, the model of church government where local congregations make decisions without consulting with an outside bishop (1567)
  • Jerry Lewis & Dean Martin end partnership after 16 films (1956)
  • English colonists sailed from Roanoke Island, North Carolina (1586)
  • Robert Peel founds the London Metropolitan Police also known as Bobbies (1829)
  • US Supreme Court struck down a provision in Maryland’s constitution requiring state office holders to believe in God (1961)
  • Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space, returns to Earth (1963)
  • Garfield, created by Jim Davis, 1st appears as a comic strip (1978)
This entry was posted in History Sharpeners, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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