This Week in History 6/6 – 6/12

HistoryThis Week in History

June 6:

  • WW2: D-Day, known as Operation Neptune, when 150,000 Allied Expeditionary Force landed in Normandy, France (1944)
  • YMCA established as a Christian organization concerned with the body, mind, and spirit (1844)
  • Senator Robert F. Kennedy, Democratic nominee for US presidency, dies from his wounds after he was shot the previous night (1968)
  • First slaves arrive in Louisiana (1716)
  • After Mount Tambora erupts, a weather condition that produce the “year without a summer” causes 10 inches of snowfall in New England (1716)
  • First drive-in theater opens in Camden, New Jersey (1934)
  • WW2: Nazi troops executed 96 prisoners by firing squad (1944)
  • Theodore Roosevelt Jr receives Congressional Medal of Honor (1944)
  • US Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale, first American spy who said “I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country.” as he was executed by British, was born (1755)
  • US Federal gas tax enacted (1932)
  • US Congress pass an act authorizing a civil code and government for the territory of Alaska after gold discoveries bring lawlessness and disorder to the area (1900)
  • Levi Strauss make his first pair of blue jeans (1850)
  • Supreme Court tosses out automatic death penalty laws (1977)
  • War of 1812: US invasion of Canada halted at Stoney Creek  (1813)
  • Cyclone in Arabian Sea near Bombay, India drowns 100,000 (1882)
  • A near-Earth asteroid estimated at 10 metres diameter explodes over the Mediterranean Sea between Greece and Libya (2002)
  • Inhabitants of Seville, Spain massacre 5,000 Jews (1391)
  • Electric iron patented (1882)

June 7:

  • Daniel Boone begins exploring Kentucky (1769)
  • Charles Haddon Spurgeon preached his last sermon at the Tabernacle in London (1891)
  • Vatican City becomes a sovereign state (1929)
  • Evangelist George Bennard introduced his new hymn, ‘The Old Rugged Cross,’ during a revival he was conducting at Pokagon, Michigan (1913)
  • WW2: As the Battle of Midway ends, Admiral Nimitz wins first naval defeat of Japan (1942)
  • Sony introduces the Betamax videocassette recorder for sale to the public (1975)
  • The Supreme Court of the United States decides on Griswold v. Connecticut, effectively legalizing the use of contraception by married couples (1965)
  • 16th century archaeology remains of the Curtain Theatre, where some of Shakespeare’s plays were first performed, were found under a pub in London (2012)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Milliken’s Bend, Louisiana where Jefferson Davis’ home burnt (1863)
  • English King Charles I ratifies the Petition of Rights (1628)
  • Asian cholera kills 6,000 people in Canada (1832)
  • Earthquake in Porte Royale, Jamaica kills 3,000 (1692)
  • First Crusaders arrive in Jerusalem (1099)
  • Rotterdam Netherlands founded (1340)
  • England declares war on France (1557)

June 8:

  • James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the U.S. House of Representatives (1789)
  • James Earl Ray, assassinator of Martin Luther King Jr., is assassinated (1968)
  • Alexander Solzhenitsyn, exile of Communist Soviet Union and author, spoke at Harvard decrying lack of moral courage in the West (1978)
  • Film stars Frederic March, John Garfield, Paul Muni, and Edward G. Robinson, are named in a FBI report as Communist Party members (1949)
  • US Civil War: US Sanitary Commission is given executive approval (1861)
  • US Civil War: Tennessee votes to secede from the Union (1861)
  • Jews revolt against Rome capturing fortress of Antonia in Jerusalem (65 AD)
  • Vikings attacked the church on Lindisfarne islan, first recorded Viking attack in England (793 AD)
  • Mohammed dies and is still dead (632 AD)
  • Commercially made ice cream first advertised (1786)
  • Congress endorses penny post card (1872)
  • Ives W McGaffey patents first vacuum cleaner (1869)
  • Mormon Church reversed a 148-year- long policy of spiritual discrimination against African-American leadership within the denomination (1978)

June 9:

  • US Academy at West Point founded (1802)
  • First US “dime novel” published: “Malaseka, The Indian Wife of the White Hunter,” by Ann Stevens (1860)
  • WW2: Nazis kill all inhabitants of Lidice which had been implicated in the assassination of Reinhard Heydrich to “teach the Czechs a final lesson of subservience and humility” (1942)
  • Emperor Nero commits suicide to avoid death by flogging sentence imposed by Senate (68 AD)
  • WW2: Norway surrenders to Germany (1940)
  • William Carey, father of modern missions who translated the Bible into 25 languages, died (1834)
  • Alice Huyler Ramsey, a 22-year-old housewife and mother from Hackensack, New Jersey, becomes the first woman to drive across the USA, driving a Maxwell automobile 3,800 miles from Manhattan to San Francisco in 59 days with three non-driving female companions (1909)
  • French navigator Jacques Cartier becomes the first European explorer to discover the St. Lawrence River in present-day Quebec, Canada (1534)
  • Colony of Georgia created to house debtors and poor from England (1732)
  • Edward Snowden publically makes his identity known as the leaker of NSA documents (2013)
  • 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts (1856)
  • England’s Parliament established a uniformity of religious services and the first Anglican Book of Common Prayer (1549)
  • US President Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud (1870)
  • Death of St. Columba, pioneer missionary to Scotland (597 AD)
  • In China, Boxers destroy the race course in Peking, a few miles from the legations and the center and symbol of diplomatic social life and Western privilege (1920)

June 10:

  • Bridget Bishop became the first person hanged for witchcraft during the Salem Witch Trials in Massachusetts. (1692)
  • US Revolutionary War: John Adams proposes Continental Army (1775)
  • Benjamin Franklin flies kite during thunderstorm (1752)
  • Bethel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Philadelphia forms (1794)
  • US Revolutionary War: British customs officials seize John Hancock’s ship, The Liberty, on the suspicion that Hancock had illegally unloaded cargo without paying duties a month earlier (1768)
  • Washington supersedes Philadelphia as US capital (1793)
  • New York passes first effective law regulating practice of medicine (1760)
  • WW2: Italy declares war on France and Great Britain (1940)
  • France revolutionary regime begins trials (1794)
  • Tripoli declares war on US for refusing tribute (1801)
  • First American log cabin at Fort Christina at Wilmington, Delaware (1639)
  • The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate (1854)
  • Spanish American War: US Marines land in Cuba (1898)
  • WW2: FDR becomes 1st US president to visit a foreign country during wartime (1943)
  • First public zoo opens in Paris (1793)
  • Chicago Tribune begins publishing (1847)
  • Alcoholics Anonymous founded in Akron, Ohio as a Christian organization (1935)
  • John Dillinger robs his first bank, in New Carlisle, Ohio (1933)
  • Babe Ruth becomes all time Home Run champ (1921)

June 11:

  • US Revolutionary War: Continental Congress creates committee including Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, and Robert R. Livingston to draft a Declaration of Independence (1776)
  • Six Day War ends with Israel gaining West Bank and Jerusalem (1967)
  • Benjamin Franklin invents his Franklin stove (1742)
  • Brazil’s first Pentecostal Church was established (1918)
  • England grants Sir Humphrey Gilbert a patent to explore & colonize North America (1578)
  • Iowa Territory organized (1838)
  • Captain James Cooke discovers Great Barrier Reef off Australia (1770)
  • John Wayne dies (1979)
  • Brothers John and Clarence Anglin and fellow inmate Frank Morris escape from Alcatraz Island prison, the only ones to do so (1962)
  • Trojan War: Troy is sacked and burned, according to calculations by Eratosthenes (1184 BC)
  • Hundred Years’ War starts with the Battle of Jargeau (1429)
  • Birth of David C. Cook, pioneer developer of Sunday School curriculum (1850)
  • Hundred Years’ War begins (1429)

June 12: 

  • Reagan challenges Gorbachev to “tear down this wall” (1987)
  • David Brainerd was ordained a missionary to the Indians in Colonial New England (1744)
  • Anne Frank gets a diary as a birthday present (1942)
  • New Amsterdam legally becomes an English colony and renamed New York after English Duke of York (1665)
  • USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin’s purge continues (1937)
  • WW2: Himmler orders extermination of all Nazi ghettos in occupied Poland (1943)
  • Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered (1859)
  • WW2: Hitler orders enslavement of Slavic peoples (1942)
  • Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down 40 feet above ground in NYC (1923)
  • Raiders Of The Lost Ark, the first an Indiana Jones film directed by Stephen Spielberg, produced by George Lucas and starring Harrison Ford premieres (1981)
  • WW1: In Germany, the Reichstag pass the second Navy Bill, which calls for doubling the German Navy within 20 years (1900)
  • In Cuba, the constitutional convention – knowing that the USA will not withdraw its troops until does so – adopts the Platt Amendment as part of its constitution (1901)
  • Al Capone is indicted on 5,000 counts of prohibition & perjury (1931)
  • Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life in prison in South Africa (1964)
  • WW2: Future president John F. Kennedy receives medals for valor (1944)
  • Niagara Falls, Ontario incorporated as a city (1903)
  • Secret Service extends protection of president to his family (1917)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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