This Week in History 5/30 – 6/5

HistoryThis Week in History

May 30:

  • Decoration Day, later called Memorial Day, first observed in Northern US states (1868)
  • French heroine Joan of Arc was burned at the stake for heresy (1431)
  • WW2: German Confessing Church declared Jesus Christ to be the only authoritative voice of God in clear contrast to all other powers including Nazis representing divine revelation (1934)
  • Mexico ratifies treaty giving US New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million (1848)
  • Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise and opened North to slavery when territories of Kansas and Nebraska are created (1854)
  • First car accident occurs when Henry Wells hits a cyclist in NYC (1896)
  • Spanish explorer Hernando de Soto discovers Florida (1539)
  • WW2: French general Charles de Gaulle arrives in Algiers (1943)
  • Eusebius, first Christian historian, dies (339 AD)
  • First Indianapolis 500 (1911)
  • James Boyd patents Rubber Fire Hose (1821)
  • Future President Andrew Jackson kills Charles Dickinson in a duel (1806)
  • Jerome of Prague, after singing hymns on the way to his execution, was martyred by being burned at the stake (1416)
  • Apolo, also known as Kivebulaya, a missionary to the Congo who baptized the first pygmy, died (1933)

May 31:

  • First Memorial Day parade held in Ironton, Ohio (1868)
  • Christian catacombs in Rome discovered (1578)
  • 17th amendment, direct election of US senators, declared ratified (1913)
  • US copyright law enacted (1790)
  • US Supreme Court orders school integration “with all deliberate speed” (1955)
  • RMS Titanic launched in Belfast (1911)
  • Tornadoes in Pennsylvania, Ohio, New York State & Canada kill 88 & injured more than 1,000 (1985)
  • Johnstown Flood kills 2,209 die in Pennsylvania (1889)
  • Rome captures first wall in city of Jerusalem (70 AD)
  • Ramses II becomes Pharaoh of Egypt (1279 BC)
  • Trans Alaska oil pipeline completed (1977)
  • US marines land on Cuba (1912)
  • American movie star Jimmy Stewart retires from the Air Force after 27 years of service (1968)
  • Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after President James Madison (1879)
  • The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine Colony (1634)
  • WW2: German warplanes bombed Canterbury, England, causing severe damage to the Canterbury Cathedral (1942)
  • US copyright law enacted (1790)
  • The colony of Massachusetts Bay annexes Maine colony (1634)
  • Pennsylvania bans all theater productions (1759)
  • Astor Hotel opens in NYC (1837)
  • The Province of Pennsylvania bans all theater productions (1759)
  • William Carey preached “Expect great things from God; Attempt great things for God!” which became the battle cry of the Baptist Mission Society (1792)
  • Jerusalem’s rabbi Sjabtai Tswi proclaims himself Messiah (1665)

June 1:

  • US Civil War: First skirmish in Civil War at Fairfax Court House, Virginia (1861)
  • US Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold court-martialed (1779)
  • Slavery abolished in all US possessions (1862)
  • Mary Dyer was hanged in Massachusetts for being a Quaker (1660)
  • Sojourner Truth leaves NY to begin her career as antislavery activist (1843)
  • The Heimlich maneuver for rescuing choking victims is published in the journal Emergency Medicine (1974)
  • Kentucky admitted as 15th state (1792)
  • Tennessee admitted as 16th state (1796)
  • First earthquake recorded in US at Plymouth, Massachusetts (1738)
  • First transmission of CNN, Cable News Network (1980)
  • Voting machine patented by Thomas Edison (1869)
  • European Central Bank is founded in Brussels to define and execute the European Union’s monetary policy (1998)
  • First pay telephone installed (1880)
  • War of 1812: Captain John Lawrence utters Navy motto “Don’t give up the ship” (1813)
  • Ed Sullivan’s final TV show on CBS (1971)
  • James Guthrie, Scottish Presbyterian minister, was executed for publishing a work which declared God’s wrath was coming upon Scotland for setting up the King of England as head of the church instead of Christ (1661)
  • Billy Bray, fiery 2nd Great Awakening evangelist, was born (1794)

June 2:

  • US Revolutionary War: Intolerable Acts enacted by Great Britain (1774)
  • 10,000 Chinese soldiers are blocked by 100,000 citizens protecting students demonstrating for democracy in Tiananmen Square, Beijing (1989)
  • US Civil War: Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves (1864)
  • US Civil War: Robert E. Lee takes command of Confederate armies of North Virginia during US Civil War (1862)
  • Black Americans observed day of fasting in protest against lynchings (1899)
  • President Grover Cleveland marries in the White House (1886)
  • King Gaiseric & the Vandals sack Rome – Rome looted for 14 days (455 AD)
  • Velveeta Cheese created by Kraft (1928)
  • First US alcohol prohibition law enacted in Maine (1851)
  • The Portland Rum Riot occurs in Portland, Maine (1855)
  • Babe Ruth retires (1934)
  • Coronation of Queen Elizabeth II (1953)
  • Nikolai, the first missionary to Japan, arrived in Japan (1861)
  • Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission (1875)
  • Augustine, missionary to England and first archbishop of Canterbury, baptized Saxon King Ethelbert causing Christian faith to spread rapidly among the Angles and Saxons (597 AD)
  • James Gibbs of Virginia, patents the chain-stitch single-thread sewing machine (1857)
  • PT Barnum & his circus begin first tour of US (1835)
  • Anti-Catholic Gordon Riots in England (1780)

June 3:

  • Goodyear airship “Pilgrim” makes first flight, first airship with enclosed cabin (1925)
  • Wesley Anthony Brown becomes first African American to graduate from US Naval Academy (1949)
  • US President John Adams becomes the first acting president to take up residence in Washington, D.C. (1800)
  • US army officially established by Congress of the Confederation (1784)
  • Hernando de Soto crosses Appalachian Mountain, first known European to do so (1540)
  • Last episode of Star Trek airs on NBC  (1969)
  • US National Defense Act establishes Reserve Officers Training Corps (1916)
  • US Civil War: General Robert E. Lee wins his last victory of Civil War at Battle of Cold Harbor (1864)
  • First bikini bathing suit displayed in Paris (1946)
  • WW2: German occupiers stamp “J” on Jewish passports (1945)
  • WW2: International Military Tribunal opens in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals (1946)

June 4:

  • Chinese troops storm through Tiananmen Square in the center of Beijing, killing and arresting thousands of pro-democracy protesters (1989)
  • Oldest Chinese recording of a solar eclipse (781 BC)
  • WW2: Winston Churchill makes his famous speech “We shall fight on the seas & oceans” (1940)
  • WW 2: Battle of Midway begins, Japanese first major defeat (1942)
  • 24 Christians burn to death in Namgongo, Uganda (1886)
  • WW2: US, Russia, Britain & France agree to split occupied Germany (1945)
  • WW2: British complete the “miracle of Dunkirk” by evacuating 300,000 allied troops from France (1940)
  • Far East Broadcasting Company first broadcast to East Asia and Communist China (1948)
  • Birth of Charles F. Parham who founded a Bible training school in Topeka, Kansas where the modern Pentecostal movement began in 1901 (1873)
  • Express train crosses the nation in 83 hours (1876)
  • Tripoli forced to conclude peace with US after war over tribute (1805)
  • George Washington begins construction of a makeshift Fort Necessity (1754)
  • William Matthews Flinders Petrie, famous archeologist known for his discoveries that proved Biblical records, was born in Kent, England (1853)
  • Automatic washer & dryer introduced (1907)
  • George Eastman demonstrates first technicolor movie (1929)
  • Birth of Frank N. Buchman, American exponent of the social gospel who founded the First Century Christian Movement, the Oxford Group, and the Moral Re-Armament Movement (1878)
  • Birth of Nelson Glueck, American Jewish archaeologist and director of the American School of Oriental Research in Jerusalem where he explored and dated over 1,000 ancient sites in Palestine and the Near East (1900)

June 5:

  • The Arab-Israeli Six-Day War began during which Israel took control of the Sinai Desert, the city of Jerusalem and the west bank of the Jordan River. The Israelis were surrounded on every side by Egypt, Syria, and Jordan, yet won the war in six days with only 1,000 casualties compared to the Arabs 20,000 casualties (1967)
  • WW2: General Eisenhower decides invasion set for June 6 (1945)
  • WW2: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel goes on leave just before WWII D-Day landings by the Allies (1945)
  • Bobby Kennedy, presidential candidate and brother of President John Kennedy, is assassinated (1968)
  • US Secretary of State George Marshall outlines “Marshall Plan” (1947)
  • President Ronald Reagan dies (2004)
  • WW2: Allies march into Rome (1945)
  • The first article based on NSA leaked documents by Edward Snowden are published by the Guardian Newspaper in the UK (2013)
  • 50 Christians, including St. Boniface on his last missionary trip, were martyred by pagans (754 AD)
  • Russian Prince Vladimir, with hundreds of others, was saved and baptized leading to the establishment of the Russian Orthodox Church (988)
  • US Congress prohibits citizens from serving in foreign armed forces (1794)

 

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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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