This Week in History 5/23 – 5/29

HistoryThis Week in History

May 23:

  • The first of several Chapel rail cars, portable church that traveled the Old West, was dedicated in Cincinnati Ohio (1891)
  • US Civil War: Virginia citizens vote 3 to 1 in favor of secession from the Union (1861)
  • US Civil War: Sergeant William Harvey Carney becomes the first African American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his bravery while a member of the 54th Massachusetts Colored Infantry (1900)
  • Benjamin Franklin invents bifocals (1785)
  • Canada’s North West Mounted Police Force forms, it didn’t get the “Royal” until 1904 (1873)
  • Official ratification of the Second Charter of Virginia takes place (1609)
  • The Good Friday Agreement is accepted in a referendum in Northern Ireland with 75% voting yes (1998)
  • Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan (1863)
  • Mao Zedong starts “Great leap forward” movement in China to bring in a Socialist economy which leads to the Great Chinese Famine (1958)
  • First automobile trip across US from San Francisco to New York (1903)
  • Joan of Arc is captured at Compiegne & sold to the English (1430)
  • Police kill outlaws Bonnie and Clyde (1934)
  • Tsunami hits Hawaii and kills 61 (1960)
  • Two Catholic Lords Regent and their secretary thrown out of window start Thirty Year War (1618)
  • British privateer Captain William Kidd is hanged for piracy and murder (1701)
  • Birth of Hermann Gunkel, the German Protestant biblical scholar who pioneered the analytical approach to understanding Scripture afterward known as “form criticism.” (1862)

May 24:

  • John Wesley become born again (1738)
  • Maud Booth preached at Sing Sing Prison, New York, and 5 were saved, starting an organization called Volunteers of America (1894)
  • Brooklyn Bridge opens (1883)
  • English Parliament guarantees freedom of religion for Protestants (1689)
  • First passenger rail service in US, Baltimore & Elliot’s Mill, Maryland (1830)
  • US Revolutionary War: John Hancock becomes president of Congress (1775)
  • Racial segregation in Washington DC restaurants ruled illegal (1951)
  • Mary Had A Little Lamb is published (1830)
  • Samuel Morse taps out “What hath God wrought” in first telegraph message (1844)
  • IBM announces vacuum tube “electronic” brain that could perform 10 million operations an hour (1954)
  • Thomas Edison invents telescribe to record telephone conversations (1915)
  • WW2: German battleship Bismarck sinks the British battle cruiser HMS Hood; 1,416 die, 3 survive (1941)

May 25:

  • Constitutional convention opens at Philadelphia, George Washington presiding (1787)
  • US President John F. Kennedy announces US goal of putting a man on Moon before the end of decade (1961)
  • Holy Roman Emperor Charles V pronounced Martin Luther an outlaw and heretic for refusing to recant his teachings while at the Diet of Worms (1521)
  • The Ship “Le Grand St Antoine” reaches Marseille, bringing Europe’s last major plague outbreak. that kills around 100,000 (1720)
  • American Sunday School Union founded (1830)
  • Babe Ruth hits last home run (1935)
  • Babe Ruth suspended one day & fined $200 for throwing dirt on an umpire (1922)
  • 17 children are killed by a gas cylinder explosion on a school bus in Gujrat, Pakistan (2013)
  • Star Wars opens (1977)
  • American Airlines DC-10 crashes on takeoff from Chicago killing 273 including 2 on the ground (1979)
  • Yuichiro Miura of Japan becomes the oldest person to climb Mount Everest at 80 (2013)

May 26:

  • Last day of Model T production (1927)
  • Nicholas Zinzendor, founder of the Moravians that started the 100 year missionary prayer movement, was born (1700)
  • Lewis and Clark first see Rocky Mountains (1805)
  • US slave Dred Scott and family freed by owner Henry Taylor Blow 3 months after US courts ruled against them (1857)
  • Colonial theologian Increase Mather was installed as minister of Boston’s Second Church (1664)
  • US Civil War: US Postmaster General Blair announces end of postal connection with South (1861)
  • WW2: US drop fire bombs on Tokyo (1945)
  • US President Richard Nixon & Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev sign SALT accord (1972)
  • Patent filed in US for H-Bomb (1946)
  • Terry Nichols is found guilty of 161 state murder charges for helping carry out the Oklahoma City bombing (2004)
  • US President Andrew Jackson is one vote shy of being impeached (1868)
  • Montana Territory formed (1864)
  • Territory South of River Ohio created by Congress (1790)
  • Napoleon Bonaparte is crowned king of Italy (1805)
  • Archbishop Ruthard of Mainz hid 1,300 Jews in his cellars during a massacre by crusaders who broke in and killed over a thousand. The archbishop saved the rest by taking them into his cathedral. (1096)
  • Archibald Campbell was executed. He was the first marquess and eighth earl of Argyle and a leader of the Scottish Covenanters, a group who insisted that the King of England had no right to dictate the way they should worship. (1661)
  • Last Tsar of Russia, Nicholas II, crowned (1896)
  • Alse Young becomes the first person executed as a witch in the American colonies, when she is hanged in Hartford, Connecticut (1647)
  • John Wayne was born (1907)

May 27:

  • James S McLean patents his piano (1796)
  • President Wilson addresses the League to Enforce Peace, founded in 1915, and gives public support to the idea of a league of nations (1915)
  • Richard Drew invents masking tape (1930)
  • Habeaus Corpus Act, strengthening person’s right to challenge unlawful arrest & imprisonment, passes in England (1679)
  • Supreme Court declares FDR’s Natl Recovery Act unconstitutional (1935)
  • WW2: In the Le Paradis massacre, 97 soldiers from a Royal Norfolk Regiment unit are shot after surrendering to German troops (1940)
  • Bubonic Plague breaks out in San Francisco (1907)
  • WW2: Hitler orders 10,000 Czechs murdered (1942)
  • WW2: US forbids racial discrimination in war industry (1943)
  • Joseph Alleine, Puritan preacher, imprisoned for not conforming to Church of England (1663)
  • Walt Disney’s 3 Little Pigs released (1933)
  • The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in The Hague, indicts Slobodan Milošević and four others for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Kosovo (1999)
  • Court of Oyer and Terminer “to hear and determine” established by Governor of Massachusetts to hear accussations of witchcraft (1692)
  • Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, dedicated (1937)
  • St Petersburg founded by Russian Tsar Peter the Great (1703)

May 28:

  • Alan Turing submits “On Computable Numbers” for publication, in which he set out the theoretical basis for modern computers (1936)
  • US Revolutionary War: First Continental Congress convenes in Virginia (1774)
  • President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed a bill which added the words “under God” to the Pledge of Allegiance (1954)
  • US Civil War: The 54th Massachusetts Infantry, the most famous African-American regiment, leaves for war (1863)
  • In Italy, the Shroud of Turin was first photographed by Secundo Pia in Turin’s Cathedral, where it had rested for 320 years (1898)
  • US Congress authorizes Native Indian to be removed from all states to the western prairie (1830)
  • The Virginian, the first “serious” Western is published (1902)
  • British soldier George Washington experiences combat for first time during French and Indian War (1754)
  • The Dionne quintuplets are born to Olivia and Elzire Dionne becoming the first quintuplets to survive infancy (1934)
  • Former president Thomas Jefferson condemned religious intolerance in an interview with a Jewish journalist (1818)
  • White House “plumbers” break into Democratic Natlional HQ at Watergate in Washington D.C. (1972)
  • Volkswagen founded (1937)
  • US unemployment has nearly ended (1923)
  • Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales leads to a truce between Lydians and Medes – one of the cardinal dates from which other dates calculated (585 BC)
  • Joan of Arc is accused of relapsing into heresy by donning male clothing again, providing justification for her execution (1431)
  • First Baptist Church organizes in Boston (1664)
  • John and Isobel Kuhn, missionaries to China, opened first Rainy Season School  (1938)

May 29:

  • Sojourner Truth addresses first Black Women’s Rights Convention in Akron (1851)
  • US Revolutionary War: British Colonel Banastre Tarleton shoots and kills Patriots who surrender  creating the phrase “Tarleton’s Quarter” to describe British brutality toward Patriot POWs. (1780)
  • John Winthrop begins “History of New England” (1630)
  • WW2: Jews in Paris forced to sew yellow stars on coats (1942)
  • US Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry’s historic speech against the Stamp Act, answering a cry of “Treason!” with, “If this be treason, make the most of it!” (1765)
  • Rhode Island becomes last of original 13 colonies ratifying US Constitution (1790)
  • Bing Crosby records “White Christmas”, greatest selling record to date (1942)
  • Heavy fog causes a collision of boats on the St. Lawrence River in Canada killing 1,073 people (1914)
  • Wisconsin becomes 30th state (1848)
  • Constantinople, the capital of Eastern Christianity fell to the Turks where it latter became the capital of the Ottoman Empire and was renamed Istanbul (1453)
  • Wisconsin becomes 30th US state (1848)
  • John Penry, a Puritan preacher who criticized the Church of England, executed (1593)
  • Construction began on Holy Trinity Church in Wilmington, Delaware (1698)
  • Bob Hope celebrates 100th birthday (2013)
  • Bob Hope is born (1913)

 

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This entry was posted in Uncategorized by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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