This Week in History 5/1 – 5/8

HistoryThis Week in History:

Starting next week, This Week in History will post on Mondays. Because of this, I’ve added next Sunday, May 8, to this post.

May 1:

  • Empire State Building dedicated (1931)
  • Back to the Bible aired for the first time on radio (1939)
  • US Civil War: Atlanta campaign begins (1864)
  • Pulitzer prize awarded to Harper Lee for her novel To Kill a Mockingbird (1961)
  • First BASIC program runs on a computer (1964)
  • Radio Shack releases Model III TRSDOS 1.3, Tandy operating system for computers (1981)
  • Boulder Dam completed (1935)
  • General Mills introduces Cheerios (1941)
  • US Civil War: Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers (1863)
  • WW2: Food rationing begins in US (1943)
  • US Civil War: Reconstruction of South begins with black voter registration (1866)
  • North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (1948)
  • Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (1753)
  • First emigrant wagon train leaves Independence, Missouri, for California (1841)
  • Mr Potato Head introduced (1952)
  • First American, James Whittaker, conquers Mount Everest (1963)
  • North Korea proclaims itself Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (1948)
  • WW2: The 1940 Olympics are cancelled (1940)
  • Supernova observed by Chinese & Egyptians in constellation Lupus (1006)
  • Batman premieres in comic book (1939)
  • TWA introduces tourist class (1952)
  • American Equal Rights Association forms (1866)
  • TWA introduces tourist class (1961)
  • Kingdom of England recognizes the Kingdom of Scotland as an independent state (1328)
  • Acts of Union comes into force, uniting England and Scotland to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain (1707)
  • Mozart’s opera “Marriage of Figaro” premieres in Vienna (1786)

May 2:

  • WWII: Battle of Berlin ends as Soviet army takes Berlin and General Weidling surrenders (1945)
  • US Civil War: US President Andrew Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis (1865)
  • J. Edgar Hoover, FBI director for almost 5 decades, dies (1972)
  • Territory of Oklahoma created (1890)
  • US president Wilson signs Harrison Drug Act (1916)
  • US Civil War: Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men (1863)
  • U.S. Supreme Court’s “Buck v. Bell”, permits forced sterilizations of various “unfits” by states’ authorities where such surgeries are practiced for eugenic reasons (1927)
  • Anne Boleyn is arrested and taken to the Tower of London (1536)
  • King Charles II gives royal charter to the Hudson’s Bay Company (1670)
  • The General Conference of the Methodist Church, held in Minneapolis, demanded abolishment of racial segregation in all Methodist churches (1956)
  • Martin Luther became a priest (1507)
  • Missionary Hans Egede sailed to Greenland (1721)
  • Good Housekeeping magazine is first published (1885)
  • Osama Bin Laden is killed by United States special forces (2011)
  • Birth of William Taylor, evangelist, circuit rider, and missionary (1821)
  • Former VP Spiro Agnew disbarred (1974)
  • Dr Kevorkian found innocent on assisting suicides (1994)
  • US President Bill Clinton announces that accurate GPS access would no longer be restricted to the United States military (2000)

May 3:

  • Great Awakening revivalist George Whitefield first arrived in America (1738)
  • Sixteen year old Charles H. Spurgeon made his public profession of faith in Jesus Christ (1850)
  • Jews flee Spain to avoid persecution (1455)
  • A Massachusetts law was enacted requiring church doors to be locked during the worship service because too many people were leaving before the long sermons were completed (1675)
  • Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for Gone With the Wind (1937)
  • First African American lawyer, Macon B Allen, admitted to the bar (1845)
  • Royal charter granted to Connecticut (1662)
  • Washington, D.C. is incorporated as a city (1802)
  • Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is slammed by an F5 tornado killing forty-two people, injuring 665, and causing $1 billion in damage (1999)
  • Most of San Francisco destroyed by fire, 30 die (1851)
  • West Virginia imposes first state sales tax (1921)
  • WW2: Japanese atrocities in Jinan, China (1928)
  • First unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail “spam” is sent by a Digital Equipment Corporation marketing representative (1978)

May 4:

  • After an unknown shot is fired, National Guard opens fire killing four rioters at Kent State University in Ohio (1970)
  • The Moravians in Pennsylvania established the Moravian Women’s Seminary at Bethlehem, the first educational institution of its kind established in colonial America (1746)
  • United States Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of a New York statute exempting church-owned property from taxation (1970)
  • US Revolutionary War: Rhode Island declares independence from England (1776)
  • During Haymarket Square Riot in Chicago, Illinois, a bomb is thrown at a squad of policemen attempting to break up a labor rally (1886)
  • Pulitzer Prize for Literature awarded to Ernest Hemingway for The Old Man & The Sea (1953)
  • Margaret Thatcher becomes the first woman to be elected Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979)
  • American Academy of Arts & Science founded in Boston (1778)
  • Michigan ends death penalty (1846)
  • “Unabomber” Ted Kaczynski sentenced to four life sentences plus 30 years (1998)
  • Al Capone enters Atlanta Penitentiary convicted of income tax evasion (1932)

May 5:

  • Alan Bartlett Shepard Jr. becomes first American in Space (1961)
  • Haile Selassie, missionary to Ethiopia, forced to leave the church of 48 converts on May 5, 1936, returned exactly 5 years later to find 10,000 converts (1941)
  • WW2: Admiral Karl Dönitz, leader of Germany after Hitler’s death, orders all U-boats to cease offensive operations and return to their bases (1945)
  • WW2: Six killed in Oregon by Japanese bomb (1945)
  • High school biology teacher John T. Scopes  was arrested for teaching the theory of evolution in his Dayton, Tennessee classroom (1925)
  • During British Civil War, King Charles I surrenders in Scotland (1646)
  • The Bay View Tragedy occurs, as National guardsmen fire upon a crowd of unarmed mill worker protestors on strike in Milwaukee, Wisconsin killing seven (1886)
  • First US train robbery in North Bend, Ohio (1865)
  • Gandhi freed from prison (1944)
  • Eugene Antonio Marino becomes first black Roman Catholic archbishop in the U.S. (1988)
  • US Civil War: Battle between Confederate & Union ships at mouth of Roanoke (1864)

May 6:

  • King Alfred the Great of Wessex, the English king to survive Viking attacks, wins Battle of Ethandun. After Viking invaders surrender, King Alfred converts them to Christianity and baptizes them instead of killing them and makes a peace treaty with the Danes. He became known as Alfred the Great, the first king of England (878 AD)
  • US Civil War: Jefferson Davis approves a bill declaring War between the Union & the Confederacy (1861)
  • US President Eisenhower signs Civil Rights Act of 1960 (1960)
  • WW2: All U.S. troops in the Philippines surrender unconditionally to the Japanese (1942)
  • At California’s March Field, Bob Hope performs his first USO show (1941)
  • King Henry VIII orders bible be placed in every church in England (1541)
  • US Civil War: Arkansas & Tennessee becomes 9th & 10th states to secede from US (1861)
  • US Civil war: General Sherman begins advance to Atlanta Georgia (1864)
  • Hindenburg disaster (1937)
  • WW2: Axis Sally delivers her last propaganda broadcast to Allied troops (1945)
  • Joseph Stalin became Premier of Russia (1941)
  • John Deere makes first steel plow (1833)
  • Exposition Universelle, World Fair, opens in Paris with the completed Eiffel Tower (1889)
  • US Civil War: Battle of Wilderness – Confederate General Longstreet seriously injured (1864)
  • US Congress ceases Chinese immigration (1882)
  • Mormon Church renounces polygamy (1890)
  • John Steinbeck wins Pulitzer Prize for Grapes of Wrath (1940)
  • Roger Bannister becomes first man to run 4 minute mile (1954)

May 7:

  • WW2: Unconditional German surrender to the Allies signed by General Alfred Jodl at Rheims (1945)
  • WW1: RMS Lusitania sunk by German submarine off the southern coast of Ireland, 1198 lives lost (1915)
  • First US Presidential inaugural ball (1789)
  • US Congress establishes Mother’s Day (1914)
  • The concept of the integrated circuit, the basis for all modern computers, is first published by Geoffrey Dummer (1952)
  • WW2: Nazi decree orders all Jewish pregnant women of Kovno Ghetto executed (1942)
  • WW2: SS open fire on crowd in Amsterdam, killing 22 (1945)
  • George Eastman patents Kodak Box Camera (1888)
  • Russian scientist Alexander Stepanovich Popov demonstrates to the Russian Physical and Chemical Society his invention – the world’s first radio receiver (1895)
  • WW1: A draft of the Versailles Treaty is shown to Germans (1919)
  • William Penn began monthly meetings for blacks advocating emancipation (1700)
  • Dr. H. H. Holmes, one of America’s first well-known serial killers, is hanged (1896)
  • English siege of Orleans broken by Joan of Arc and the French army (1429)
  • Louis XIV of France inaugurates The Palace of Versailles (1664)
  • Captain Robert Gray discovers Grays Harbor, Washington (1792)
  • Indiana Territory organized (1800)
  • Glenn Miller records Chattanooga Choo Choo for RCA (1941)
  • American Medical Association organizes (1847)
  • 1,200 Jews of Toledo Spain killed by Count Henry of Trastamara (1355)
  • Forty thousand mercenaries, hired by Cardinal Pompeo Colonna, sacked the city of Rome, destroying two-thirds of the houses, butchering clergy and laity alike, and forcing Clement VII to flee disguised as a gardener (1527)
  • The city of New Orleans was founded by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienvill (1718)
  • Isaack B Fubine of Savoy, in The Hague, patents macaroni (1660)
  • The tomb of Herod the Great is discovered (2007)

May 8:

  • VE Day, Victory in Europe Day celebrates defeat of Nazis when Germany signed an unconditional surrender (1945)
  • US Civil War: Richmond, Virginia is named the capital of the Confederacy (1861)
  • Hernando de Soto discovers Mississippi River (1541)
  • Jacob’s Pharmacy in Atlanta sells first Coca-Cola which contained cocaine (1886)
  • Ernest Rutherford publishes his discovery of two different kinds of radiation – Alpha and Beta Particles (1899)
  • John Brown holds antislavery convention (1858)
  • Parliament of Worms installs edict against Martin Luther (1521)
  • The American Bible Society was organized (1816)
  • US establishes the military draft (1792)
  • Mohandas Gandhi begins a 21-day fast in protest against British oppression in India (1933)
  • US Mexican War: first major battle of Mexican War fought at Palo Alto, Texas (1846)
  • Sarah Ann Henley survives 76 mile jump from Clifton Bridge in Avon, England (1885)
  • Southern Baptist Convention was formed by 300 representatives from Baptist churches in Georgia, Virginia and South Carolina (1845)
  • Jacobus Arminius, who wrote about the doctrine of Arianism, was appointed Professor of Theology at Leiden University in Amsterdam (1603)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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