This Week in History 3/13 – 3/19

HistoryThis Week in History

March 13:

  • US Civil war: Confederate President Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers (1865)
  • Hernán Cortés lands in Mexico (1519)
  • William Herschel sees what he thinks is a “comet” but is actually the discovery of the planet Uranus (1781)
  • WW2: Failed assassin attempt on Hitler during Smolensk-Rastenburg flight (1943)
  • The Butler Law in Tennessee makes it unlawful to teach anything but creationism (1925)
  • Great Blizzard of 1888 rages (1888)
  • American banks allowed to reopen after a government imposed bank holiday (1933)

March 14:

  • Eli Whitney patents the cotton gin (1794)
  • Jack Ruby sentenced to death for murder of Lee Harvey Oswald, the murderer of JFK (1964)
  • JFK’s body moved from temporary grave to a permanent memorial (1967)
  • On board HMS Monarch, his own flagship, British Admiral John Byng is executed by firing squad for neglecting his duty (1757)
  • War of 1812: Congress authorizes war bonds to finance the war (1812)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church founded (1821)
  • WW2: Nazi occupiers of Holland forbid Jewish owned companies (1941)
  • By Presidential order, the US excludes Japanese laborers from entering the country (1907)
  • John D. Rockefeller gives $100 million to Rockefeller Foundation (1913)
  • FBI’s “10 Most Wanted Fugitives” program begins (1950)

March 15:

  • US Revolutionary War: In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy; the threatened coup never takes place (1783)
  • Julius Caesar is stabbed to death by Marcus Junius Brutus, Gaius Cassius Longinus, Decimus Junius Brutus and several other Roman senators on the Ides of March (44 BC)
  • First US presidential press conference by Woodrow Wilson (1913)
  • Maine admitted as 23rd US state (1820)
  • WW2: Hermann Goering says 100-200 church bells enough for Germany, smelt the rest (1940)
  • First escalator patented by inventor Jesse W Reno (1892)
  • Cleveland establishes 1st small claims court (1913)
  • First state contraceptive clinic opens in Raleigh NC (1937)
  • Pluto again becomes outermost planet (1999)

March 16:

  • Babylonians capture Jerusalem, replace Jehoiachin with Zedekiah as king (597 AD)
  • US Civil War: Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy (1861)
  • First publication of an article by Joseph Lister outlining the discovery of antiseptic surgery (1867)
  • Law signed to establish US Military Academy in West Point, New York (1802)
  • Native American chief visits colony of Plymouth Massachusetts (1621)
  • Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter published (1850)
  • Mississippi House of Representatives formally abolishes slavery & ratifies 13th Amendment (1995)
  • Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts (1881)
  • US Senate ratifies treaty establishing the Red Cross (1882)
  • Holy spirit glides above fire in “the miracle of Amsterdam” (1345)
  • Dow-Jones hits record 4069.15 (1995)

March 17:

  • Saint Patrick, missionary to Ireland, died (461 AD)
  • Saint Patrick aged 16 is carried off to Ireland as a slave (432 AD)
  • Carrollton Massacre in Mississippi when 20 African Americans are killed (1886)
  • Golda Meir becomes Israel’s 4th Prime Minister (1969)
  • Amanda Berry, evangelist and song writer who was born a slave, become a Christian (1856)
  • Texas abolishes slavery for a short time (1836)
  • John Philip Holland achieves successful test runs of the first modern submarine off Staten Island (1898)
  • Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London (1845)
  • First St. Patrick’s Day celebration held in United States (1737)
  • WW2: Gen Doug MacArthur arrives in Australia to become supreme commander (1942)
  • Italy declares independence; Kingdom of Italy proclaimed (1861)

March 18:

  • Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II crowns himself King of Jerusalem (1229)
  • US Civil War: Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time (1865)
  • First free elections in East Germany, Conservatives beat Communists (1990)
  • President Hayes appoints Frederick Douglass marshal of Washington DC (1875)
  • 2 black players, Jackie Robinson & Nate Moreland, request a tryout with the Chicago White Sox (1942)
  • Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights (1874)
  • US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs Hawaii statehood bill (1959)
  • According to legend, Tenochtitlan is founded on this date (1325)
  • Morgan Earp is assassinated by outlaws while playing billiards in Tombstone (1882)
  • Phoebe, a moon of Saturn is discovered by William Pickering (1899)

March 19:

  • US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time (1918)
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony granted land by England (1628)
  • WW2: FDR orders men between 45 & 64 to register for non-military duty (1942)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler issues “Nero Decree” to destroy all German factories (1945)
  • Boston, Massachusetts incorporated as a city (1822)
  • Chicago 8 indicted in aftermath of Chicago Democratic convention (1969)
  • US Senate rejects Treaty of Versailles for 2nd time refusing to ratify League of Nations’ covenant (1920)
  • WW2: 800 killed as Kamikaze attacked USS Franklin off Japan (1945)
  • First US bank robbery (1831)
  • 200 members of Peking imperial family/court commit suicide in loyalty to the Emperor (1644)
  • Pluto photographed for first time (1915)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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