This Week in History 2/7 – 2/13

HistoryThis Week in History

February 7:

  • Walt Disney’s 2nd feature-length movie, Pinocchio, premieres (1940)
  • Author Charles Dickens is born (1812)
  • 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri, the largest earthquake in the United States (1812)
  • Earthquake causes tsunami in Mississippi (1812)
  • The Mud March was the first large procession organized by the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (1907)
  • Beatles arrive in New York (1964)
  • WW2: German theologian Deitrich Bonhoeffer was sent to Buchenwald Concentration Camp for his part in the resistance to Nazis (1945)
  • 11th Amendment to US Constitution ratified affirming the power of states (1795)
  • WW2: Dr. Josef Mengele, the infamous Nazi doctor who performed medical experiments at the Auschwitz death camps, dies of a stroke while swimming in Brazil (1979)
  • John Deere, pioneer American blacksmith and manufacturer of agricultural equipment who founded Deere & Company, is born (1804)
  • Senator Joe McCarthy finds “communists” in US Department of State (1950)
  • Cassius Clay converts to Islam and renames himself Muhammad Ali (1964)
  • Charlie Chaplin debuts The Tramp (1914)
  • Birth of Hannah Whitall Smith, American Quaker evangelist and devotional author (1832)
  • Harvey Samuel Firestone, founder Firestone Tire Company, dies (1938)

February 8:

  • According to The Handbook of Biblical Chronology, Paul left Malta to sail to Rome (58 AD)
  • Stars & Stripes, weekly US armed forces newspaper, first published (1918)
  • US Civil War: Confederate States of America organizes in Montgomery, Alabama (1861)
  • WW2: Lodtz, first large ghetto established by Nazis in Poland, opens (1940)
  • US Civil War: Martin Robison Delany become first black man appointed as a major in US Army (1865)
  • WW2: Harry McAlpin becomes first black reporter accredited to White House,  (1944)
  • Under the Dawes Act, Indians living apart from tribe granted citizenship (1887)
  • Disney Brothers Cartoon Studio becomes Walt Disney Studios (1926)
  • The College of William and Mary was founded in Williamsburg, Virginia for the purpose of educating Anglican clergyman (1693)
  • Enforcement Act repealed making it easier to enact Jim Crow laws and disenfranchise blacks (1894)
  • The Boy Scouts of America is incorporated by William D. Boyce (1910)
  • D. W. Griffith’s silent film The Birth of a Nation (1915)
  • Elizabeth II is proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain & Northern Ireland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, etc (1952)
  • As Roman troops surrounded the church in Alexandria, Egypt, Bishop Athanasius escaped for the third time (356 AD)
  • Peter the Great, emperor of Russia, dies and is succeeded by his wife, Catherine (1725)
  • Tchaikovsky’s Swan Lake premieres in St Petersburg (1895)
  • Giordano Bruno, astronomer who was called a martyr for science, was condemned to death by the Vatican
  • Mary Queen of Scots beheaded (1587)
  • Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach (1945)
  • Last edition of Saturday Evening Post (1969)
  • 1800 Unification church couples wed in Korea (1975)
  • The first execution by lethal gas in American history is carried out in Carson City, Nevada. when Tong Lee, head of a Chinese gang, is executed (1924)

February 9:

  • Apollonia of Alexandria, a Christian teenager threw herself in the fire a mob had build to martyr her when she was ordered to deny Christ (249 AD)
  • US Civil War: Tennessee votes against secession (1861)
  • US Army establishes US National Weather Service (1870)
  • Puritan John Hooper was burned at the stake during Queen Mary’s reign (1555)
  • American Indian Society organizes (1822)
  • First federal legislation prohibiting narcotics is enacted against opium (1909)
  • WW2: Nazi collaborators destroy pro-Jewish café Alcazar in Amsterdam when Alcazar refused to hang “No Entry for Jews” signs in front of cafe (1941)
  • WW2: Daylight Savings War Time goes into effect in US (1942)
  • First appearance of Beatles on Ed Sullivan Show (1964)

February 10:

  • Joseph Lister, surgeon who discovers germs caused infections, died (1912)
  • The Church of England first authorized use of the 1885 English Revised Version of the Bible in Anglican liturgy and worship (1899)
  • USSR swaps spy Francis Gary Power to US for Rudolph Abel as depicted in movie Bridge of Spies (1962)
  • Tom & Jerry created by Hanna & Barbera debut by MGM (1940)
  • Glenn Miller awarded first ever gold record for selling one million copies of Chattanooga Choo Choo (1942)
  • President Eisenhower warns against US intervention in Vietnam (1955)
  • YWCA, Young Women’s Christian Association, forms in New York City (1870)
  • First US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia (1863)
  • Japan and Russia declare war (1904)
  • Author Laura Ingalls Wilder dies at age 90 (1957)
  • Shirley Temple dies at age 85 (2014)
  • Beginning of Mormon march to western US (1846)
  • New York Times begins using slogan “All the News That’s Fit to Print” (1897)

February 11:

  • WW2: US General Eisenhower selected to command the allied armies in Europe (1942)
  • Robert Fulton patents steamboat (1809)
  • US Civil War: US House unanimously passes resolution guaranteeing noninterference with slavery in any state (1861)
  • US Revolutionary War: Stamp Act declared unconstitutional in Virginia (1666)
  • Vatican City was established as the smallest nation in the world at 109 acres (1929)
  • Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus, heir to the Roman Emperorship, dies under mysterious circumstances in Rome clearing the way for Nero to become Emperor (55 AD)
  • Traditional date for the foundation of Japan by Emperor Jimmu (660 BC)
  • Society of Friends petitions Congress for abolition of slavery (1790)
  • Archie comic book debuts (1942)
  • Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration’s seven-point “Project Independence” plan to make the U.S. energy independent (1990)
  • Henry VIII recognized as supreme head of Church in England following the schism with Rome following his divorce and excommunication (1531)
  • Henry Kissinger unveils Nixon Administration’s seven-point “Project Independence” plan to make the U.S. energy independent (1974)
  • American Physiological Society organizes in Boston (1837)
  • In Lourdes, France, 14-year-old French peasant Bernadette Soubirous experienced her first vision of the Virgin Mary (1858)
  • Rev. Barbara C. Harris was consecrated in Boston as the first woman bishop in the Anglican Church (1989)

February 12:

  • The Pentecostal awakening known as the “Latter Rain Movement” traces its origin to this date, when students at the Sharon Orphanage and Schools in North Battleford, Saskatchewan, Canada began experiencing a mass spiritual awakening (1948)
  • Abraham Lincoln is born in a log cabin in Kentucky (1809)
  • Dedication ceremony for the about to be constructed Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. (1914)
  • Vietnam War: First US POWs in North Vietnam released when 116 of 456 flown to Philippines (1973)
  • Presbyterian minister Henry Highland Garnet, ex-slave, became the first black man to address US Congress when he preached against slavery (1865)
  • WW2: German troops entered Austria (1938)
  • Creek Indian treaty signed when Tribal chiefs agree to turn over all their land in Georgia to the government & migrate west by Sept 1, 1826 (1825)
  • Georgia founded by James Oglethorpe at site of Savannah (1733)
  • First US fugitive slave law passed requiring return of escaped slaves (1793)
  • Cotton Mather, Puritan preacher who supported Salem Witch Trials, was born (1663)
  • Queen of England for nine days, Lady Jane Grey is executed for treason (1554)
  • Last Ch’ing Manchu emperor of China, Hsuan T’ung, abdicates (1912)

February 13:

  • Abraham Lincoln declared president of the United States (1861)
  • The last original Peanuts comic strip appears in newspapers one day after Charles M. Schulz dies (2000)
  • Israel acquires 4 of 7 Dead Sea scrolls (1955)
  • US Civil War: First military action to result in Congressional Medal of Honor in Arizona (1861)
  • First US surgical operation for relief of angina pectoris in Cleveland, Ohio (1935)
  • Barbie doll goes on sale (1959)
  • Dissident Nobel writer Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from USSR (1974)
  • Longest sentence published by New York Times-1286 words (1981)
  • Moving picture projector patented (1895)
  • The American Temperance Society, later renamed the American Temperance Union, was organized in Boston (1826)
  • Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei arrived in Rome for trial before Inquisition for professing belief that earth revolves around the Sun (1633)
  • Johann Strauss’ “Blue Danube” waltz premieres in Vienna (1867)
  • Flemish missionary Joris van Geel departs to Congo (1651)
  • Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri (1866)
  • Death of Lloyd C. Douglas, Congregational clergyman and novelist (1951)
  • The Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics discovers the universe’s largest known diamond, white dwarf star BPM 37093 (2004)
  • Riot in New York due to a combination of poverty and increase in the cost of flour (1837)
Advertisements
This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s