This Week in HIstory 1/31 – 2/6

HistoryThis Week in History

January 31:

  • Civil War: Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (1865)
  • Civil War: First black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army (1863)
  • Civil War: General Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies (1865)
  • 3 missionaries in Columbia were kidnapped by armed guerillas from the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia known as FARC who demanded a ransom for their return and latter killed them (1993)
  • After the Milwaukee Bridge War, Juneautown and Kilbourntown unified as the City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (1846)
  • The United States orders all Native Americans to move into reservations (1876)
  • Strongest instrumentally recorded earthquake, Colombia, 8.6 Richter (1906)
  • Civil War: State of Louisiana takes over US Mint at New Orleans (1861)
  • Gail Borden announces invention of condensed milk (1851)
  • John Mott, founder of Student Volunteer Mission and author of The Evangelization of the World in This Generation, died at 89 years old (1955)
  • Astronomer Alvan Graham Clark makes first observation of Sirius B, first known white dwarf star, while testing his new telescope (1862)
  • WW2: Private Eddie Slovik becomes the first American soldier since the Civil War to be executed for desertion and the only one who suffered such a fate during World War II (1945)

February 1:

  • Martin Luther King Jr. & 700 demonstrators arrested in Selma, Alabama (1965)
  • American missionaries Charles and Lettie Cowman, founders of the Oriental Missions Society, sailed for Japan (1901)
  • Supreme Court convenes for first time (1790)
  • Harriet Tubman is first black woman honored on a US postage stamp (1978)
  • Thomas Edison completes worlds first movie studio in West Orange, New Jersey (1893)
  • WW2: Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini (1923)
  • 4 students stage first civil rights sit-in in Greensboro North Carolina at Woolworth’s (1960)
  • Heavy blizzard in New England claims 100 lives (1977)
  • Oxford English Dictionary debuts (1884)
  • Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile (1979)
  • Diana, Princess of Wales visits New York City (1989)

February 2:

  • Radio Shack officially begins creating TRS-80 computer (1977)
  • Female Army Nurse Corps established as a permanent organization (1901)
  • Dogsleds reach Nome with emergency diphtheria serum after 1000-km (1925)
  • WW2: 2 days after becoming chancellor, Adolf Hitler dissolves the Reichstag-Parliament (1933)
  • WW2: Geneva disarmament conference begins with 60 countries (1932)
  • Giovanni da Plano Carpini set out for the heart of Mongol Asia to deliver the Gospel to Genghis Khan (1246)
  • The first formal church youth organization, The Christian Endeavor, was established (1881)
  • Ethyl gasoline first marketed, Dayton, Ohio (1923)
  • WW2: LA Times urges security measures against Japanese-Americans (1942)
  • Frank Sinatra’s singing debut in Indianapolis with Tommy Dorsey Orchestra (1940)
  • B.B. King’s 3 O’Clock Blues hits #1 on the US Billboard’s R&B hit parade to become his first national hit (1952)
  • WW2: Allied troops first set foot on Japanese territory (1944)
  • A British ship rescued marooned sailor Juan Fernandez from the Chilean island where he had been for 5 years inspiring the world’s first true narrative novel, Robinson Crusoe.(1709)
  • Samuel Clemens first uses the pen name Mark Twain in a Virginia City newspaper, the Territorial Enterprise (1863)
  • Al Capone sent to prison for tax evasion (1932)
  • Great Awakening preacher Henry Alline, known as “the Whitefield of Nova Scotia.”, died at age 36 (1784)
  • US Congressional Black Caucus organizes (1971)
  • First ship load of Chinese arrive in San Francisco (1848)
  • WW2: US auto factories switch from commercial to war production (1942)
  • President Eisenhower holds first televised presidential news conference (1955)
  • 3 men dance Charleston for 22 hours (1926)
  • Queen Victoria’s funeral (1901)
  • Idi Amin ousts Milton Obote to become dictator of Uganda (1971)
  • WW2: German 6th Army surrenders after Battle of Stalingrad (1943)
  • First movie close-up, of a sneeze, at Edison Studio, West Orange, New Jersey (1893)
  • GI Joe debuts (1964)

February 3:

  • WW2: After the ship the Dorchester was torpedoed by German U-boats, 4 chaplains encouraged and prayed with the men as they handed out life jackets and when the supply of life jackets ran out the chaplains gave the men their own and drowned while linking arms and praying (1943)
  • In Columbus, Ohio, a fellowship of independent Methodist, Presbyterian, Congregational and United Brethren churches organized into a separate Protestant denomination known as the Christian Union (1864)
  • 16th Amendment allowing federal income tax is ratified (1913)
  • WW2: German Minister Hermann Goering bans social-democratic newspaper Vorwarts (1933)
  • First Groundhog Day (1884)
  • WW2: United States troops capture the Marshall Islands (1944)
  • US Supreme Court upheld Federal Wage & Hour law, sets minimum wages & maximum hours (1941)
  • “The Day the Music Died” plane crash kills musicians Buddy Holly, Richie Valens, J. P. Richardson, and pilot near Clear Lake, Iowa (1959)
  • President Kennedy bans all trade with Cuba except for food & drugs (1962)
  • WW2: Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin (1945)
  • Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes US independence (1783)
  • Nuclear physicist Klaus Fuchs arrested on spying charges (1950)
  • Whig Party holds its first national convention (1836)
  • Philadelphia establishes a “pesthouse” to quarantine immigrants (1743)
  • Mass execution of population, between 2,500 and 5,000, of Cesena, Italy (1377)
  • Territory of Illinois, including present-day Wisconsin, organizes (1809)
  • Sultan Mehmed II the Conqueror inherits the throne of the Ottoman Empire (1451)
  • First paper money in America issued (1690)
  • The Communist Party of Vietnam is established (1930)
  • World’s first commercial cheese factory established, in Switzerland (1815)

February 4:

  • John Rogers, who printed the first complete authorized English translation of the Bible completing Tyndale’s work, was burned at the stake as he became the first martyr of Bloody Mary’s reign (1555)
  • Mark Zuckerberg launches Facebook from his Harvard dormitory room (2004)
  • First US electoral college chooses Washington & Adams as President and Vice-President (1789)
  • Rhabanus Maurus, author of first accurate and complete set of encyclopedias, died (856 AD)
  • The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt (1859)
  • Civil War: Confederate constitutional convention meets for first time and elects Jefferson Davis as the President of Confederacy (1861)
  • Free American Blacks settle Liberia, West Africa (1822)
  • Tens of thousands of people are stranded by floods in the Australian states of New South Wales and Queensland (2012)
  • Frances Havergal wrote Take My Life and Let It Be (1874)
  • WW2: USO founded (1941)
  • Shays’ Rebellion of debt-ridden Massachusetts farmers fails (1787)
  • Patricia Hearst, daughter of publisher Randolph Hearst, kidnapped by Symbionese Liberation Army (1974)
  • Mormons leave Nauvoo, Illinois, for settlement in the west (1846)
  • J W Goodrich introduces rubber galoshes to public (1824)

February 5:

  • Evangelist Dwight L. Moody was born during a blizzard (1837)
  • In Japan, General Toyotomi Hideyoshi crucified 26 Christians (1597)
  • Sun, Moon, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter & Saturn within 16 degrees (1962)
  • A major tornado outbreak across the Southern United States leaves at least 58 dead, the most since the May 31, 1985 outbreak that killed 88 (2008)
  • Roger Williams, founder of Rhode Island and champion of religious freedom, arrived in America (1631)
  • Separation of church & state begins in USSR (1918)
  • Great Awakening preachers John and Charles Wesley first arrived in America (1736)
  • Chicago Evangelization Society, forerunner of Moody Bible Institute, was founded on Moody’s 50th birthday (1887)
  • US population reaches 200 million (1969)
  • The United States and the United Kingdom sign treaty for Panama Canal (1900)
  • Articles of Confederation ratified by first state, South Carolina (1778)
  • Reader’s Digest magazine first published (1922)
  • US airlines begin mandatory inspection of passengers & baggage (1972)
  • Georgia becomes first US state to abolish both entail & primogeniture which requires entire estates to go completely to first born male heir (1777)
  • Loop-the-loop centrifugal roller coaster patented by Ed Prescot (1901)
  • National Wildlife Federation forms (1936)
  • Revolutionary War: Sweden recognizes US independence (1783)
  • Phoenix, Arizona incorporates (1881)
  • American occupation of Cuba ends (1904)

February 6:

  • Revolutionary War: France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris; 1st US treaty (1778)
  • Massachusetts becomes 6th state to ratify constitution (1788)
  • Monopoly board game goes on sale for first time (1935)
  • No-smoking rules take effect in US federal buildings (1987)
  • The first Spanish Inquisition “Auto da fe” which means “Act of Faith” was held when six men and six women, who refused to repent of alleged backsliding, were burned at the stake (1481)
  • Radio commentator Paul Harvey arrested for trying to sneak into Argonne National Laboratory, a nuclear test site located 20 miles west of Chicago (1951)
  • First great train robbery by Dalton Gang (1891)
  • John Calvin preached his last sermon (1564)
  • Queen Elizabeth II succeeds King George VI to the British throne (1952)
  • The first minstrel show in the United States The Virginia Minstrels, opens (1843)
  • Station KFSG, Kall Four Square Gospel, went on the air and broadcast the services of Angelus Temple, the church founded by Aimee Semple Mc Pherson (1924)
  • Queen Elizabeth II marks the 60th anniversary of becoming British monarch, becoming only the second to do so (2012)
This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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