The History of Veteran’s Day

0214-4th-july-1100020942-10182013While Memorial Day honors those who have died in service to the United States of America, Veteran’s Day honors all American veterans who fought in wartime. It is a national holiday held every year on November 11th.

On November 11th, 1918, an armistice was declared, and Word War One, declared the war to end all wars, ended. Armistice Day was proclaimed by President Woodrow Wilson and celebrated the following year on November 11th. The first Armistice Day was celebrated with parades and a brief pause of activities at 11:00 am, the time the aggression ceased.

In 1921, on Armistice Day, an unidentified soldier killed in the war was buried at Arlington National Cemetery in the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. Unknown soldiers were also buried in London and Paris. Congress declared the day a national holiday. June 4, 1926, Congress passed a resolution to commemorate November 11th with “thanksgiving and prayer and exercises designed to perpetuate peace through good will and understanding between nations”. In 1938, it became a legal federal holiday known a Armistice Day.

Because of all the veterans that fought in World War Two and the Korean War, President Dwight D. Eisenhower signed legislation to change Armistice Day to Veterans Day in 1954. Veterans Day became a day to honor all American veterans of wars.

In 1975, Gerald Ford signed legislation to keep the observance of Veterans Day on November 11th unless it falls on a Saturday or Sunday. Then it is celebrated on the previous Friday or following Monday. An official wreath-laying ceremony is held every Veterans Day at the Tomb of the Unknown Soldiers in Arlington National Cemetery, while parades and other celebrations are held in states around the country.

The Veterans Administration and the History Channel are working on a project called “Take A Veteran To School Day”. Veterans visit school to talk about their experiences with the students. You can find out more about this project at this link.

List wars and military actions in which Americans have fought:

18th Century:

  • US Revolutionary War (1775–1783)
  • Chickamauga War – part of Indian Wars (1776–1795)
  • Northwest Indian War – part of Indian Wars (1785–1793)
  • Whiskey Rebellion (1791–1794)
  • Quasi-War – part of French Revolutionary Wars (1798–1800)

19th Century (pre-Civil War):

  • First Barbary War (1801–1805)
  • Tecumseh’s War (1811)
  • War of 1812 (1812–1815)
  • Creek War part of Indian Wars (1813–1814)
  • Second Barbary War (1815)
  • First Seminole War – part of Indian Wars (1817–1818)
  • Texas-Indian wars (1820–1875)
  • Arikara War – part of Indian Wars (1823)
  • Winnebago War (1827)
  • First Sumatran expedition (1832)
  • Black Hawk War –  part of Indian Wars (1832)
  • Second Seminole War – part of Indian Wars  (1835–1842)
  • US Exploring Expedition (1838–1842)
  • Second Sumatran expedition (1838)
  • Mexican–American War (1846–1848)
  • Cayuse War part of Indian Wars (1847–1855)
  • Apache Wars part of Indian Wars (1851–1900)
  • Bombardment of Greytown (1854)
  • Puget Sound War –part of Indian Wars  (1855–1856)
  • First Fiji Expedition (1855)
  • Rogue River Wars part of Indian Wars (1855–1856)
  • Third Seminole War part of Indian Wars (1855–1858)
  • Yakima War part of Indian Wars (1855–1858)
  • Filibuster War (1855–1857)
  • Second Opium War (1856–1859)
  • Utah War (1857–1858)
  • Navajo Wars part of Indian Wars (1858–1866)
  • Second Fiji Expedition (1858)
  • First and Second Cortina War (1859–1861)
  • Paiute War part of Indian Wars (1860)
  • Reform War (1860)

19th Century (Civil War – 1900):

  • American Civil War (1861–1865)
  • Bombardment of Qui Nhơn (1861)
  • Yavapai Wars part of Indian Wars (1861–1875)
  • Dakota War of 1862 – part of Indian Wars  (1862)
  • Colorado War – part of Indian Wars (1863–1865)
  • Shimonoseki War (1863–1864)
  • Snake War part of Indian Wars (1864–1868)
  • Powder River War –  part of Indian Wars (1865)
  • Red Cloud’s War – part of Indian Wars (1866–1868)
  • Siege of Mexico City (1867)
  • Formosa Expedition (1867)
  • Comanche Campaign part of Indian Wars (1867–1875)
  • United States expedition to Korea (1871)
  • Modoc War part of Indian Wars (1872–1873)
  • Red River War – part of Indian Wars (1874–1875)
  • Las Cuevas War (1875)
  • Great Sioux War of 1876 – part of Indian Wars (1876–1877)
  • Buffalo Hunters’ War – part of Indian Wars (1876–1877)
  • Nez Perce War – part of Indian Wars (1877)
  • San Elizario Salt War part of Indian Wars (1877–1878)
  • Bannock War – part of Indian Wars (1878)
  • Cheyenne War – part of Indian Wars (1878–1879)
  • Sheepeater Indian War – part of Indian Wars (1879)
  • Victorio’s War- part of Indian Wars (1879–1881)
  • White River War part of Indian Wars (1879–1880)
  • Pine Ridge Campaign – part of Indian Wars (1890–1891)
  • Garza Revolution (1891–1893)
  • Revolta da Armada (1893–1894)
  • Yaqui Wars (1896-1918)
  • Second Samoan Civil War (1898–1899)
  • Spanish–American War (1898)
  • Philippine–American War (1899–1902)
  • Moro Rebellion (1899–1913)
  • Boxer Rebellion (1899–1901)

20th Century Wars:

  • Crazy Snake Rebellion – part of Indian Wars (1909)
  • Border War (1910–1919)
  • Banana Wars (1912-1933)
  • Bluff War – part of Indian Wars (1914–1915)
  • Occupation of Haiti (1915–1934)
  • Sugar Intervention (1916–1918)
  • Occupation of the Dominican Republic (1916–1924)
  • World War I (1917–1918)
  • Russian Civil War (1918–1920)
  • Posey War – part of Indian Wars (1923)
  • World War II (1941–1945)
  • Korean Warpart of Cold War (1950–1953)
  • Lebanon Crisis (1958)
  • Bay of Pigs Invasion – part of Cold War (1961)
  • Simba Rebellion – part of Cold War (1964)
  • Dominican Civil War (1965–1966)
  • Vietnam War – part of Cold War (1965–1973)
  • Shaba II (1978)
  • Multinational Force in Lebanon – part of Cold War (1982-1984)
  • Invasion of Grenada – part of Cold War (1983)
  • Tanker War (1987–1988)
  • Invasion of Panama (1989–1990)
  • Gulf War (1990–1991)
  • Iraqi No-Fly Zones (1991–2003)
  • Somali Civil War (1992–1995)
  • Intervention in Haiti (1994–1995)
  • Bosnian War (1994–1995)
  • Kosovo War (1998–1999)

21st Century Wars:

  • War in Afghanistan – part of War on Terror  (2001–2014)
  • Iraq War – part of War on Terror (2003–2011)
  • War in Pakistan – part of War on Terror (2004–present)
  • Operation Ocean Shieldpart of War on Terror (2009–present)
  • Libyan Civil War (2011)
  • War on ISIL – part of War on Terror (2014–present)
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This entry was posted in Events in History, History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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