This Week in History 11/8 – 11/14

HistoryToday in History

November 8:

  • Mary Lyon opened Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, Massachusetts, the oldest women’s college in America (1836)
  • Roman Emperor Theodosius declares Christian religion, state religion (329 AD)
  • WW1: An Austrian-Hungarian submarine torpedos and sinks the Italian liner ‘Ancona’ without warning with over 200 lives lost (1915)
  • Doc Holliday dies of tuberculosis (1887)
  • WW2: Failed assassination attempt on Hitler in Burgerbraukeller, Munich
  • Benjamin Franklin opens first US library (1731)
  • Montana becomes 41st US state (1889)
  • German physicist Wilhelm Röntgen produces and detects electromagnetic radiation in a wavelength range today known as X-rays or Röntgen rays (1895)
  • Bourbon Whiskey first distilled from corn (1789)

November 9:

  • Kentucky marshals abduct abolitionist minister Calvin Fairbank from Jeffersonville, Indiana, and take him to Kentucky to stand trial for helping a slave escape (1851)
  • East Berlin opens its borders (1989)
  • WW2: Kristallnach, the night of a thousand broken windows, when Nazi thugs attacked Jewish businesses and synagogues (1938)
  • Civil War: Sherman issues preliminary plans for his “March to the Sea” (1864)
  • The Mayflower spots land (1620)
  • Birth of Asa Mahan, first president of Oberlin College which allowed both women and blacks to earn degrees (1800)
  • Several U.S. states and parts of Canada are hit by a series of blackouts lasting up to 13 hours in the Northeast Blackout (1965)
  • Mary Campbell, a captive of the Lenape during the French and Indian War, is turned over to forces commanded by Colonel Henry Bouquet (1764)
  • WW2: Japanese army conquers Shanghai (1937)
  • Celebrations held in Germany to mark the 25th anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall (2014)
  • Great Boston Fire destroys 1,000 building (1872)
  • Napoleon Bonaparte becomes first consul of France (1799)
  • Civil War: US General Ulysses S. Grant issues orders to bar Jews from serving under him (1862)

November 10:

  • First Gideon Bible placed in hotel room (1908)
  • Birth of the U.S. Marine Corps (1775)
  • Germans begin demolishing Berlin Wall (1989)
  • 41 suffragists are arrested in front of White House (1917)
  • Black Blizzard snowstorm-duststorm rages from SD to Atlantic (1933)
  • New bolshevik government under Lenin suspends freedom of press “temporary” during October Revolution (1917)
  • WW2: Emperor Hirohito’s official coronation as Emperor of Japan (1928)
  • Vietnam Veterans Memorial opened (1988)
  • Iwo Jima Memorial of servicemen raising US flag is dedicated in Arlington (1954)
  • Kentucky outlaws dueling (1801)
  • Mary Anderson patents windshield wiper (1903)
  • First long distance telephone call without operator assistance (1951)
  • Journalist Henry Stanley found David Livingstone, missionary explorer, and said, “Dr. Livingstone, I presume.” (1871)
  • Queens College, now known as Rutgers University, was founded to provide education for divinity students (1766)
  • Edmund Fitzgerald & crew of 29 lost in storm on Lake Superior (1975)
  • Sesame Street premieres on PBS TV (1969)
  • Nobel Prize for Literature awarded to Pearl Buck (1938)
  • Nobel Prize for Literature awarded William Faulkner (1950)
  • 1st observance of National Book Week (1919)

November 11:

  • The Mayflower Compact, the first written Constitution in America, was signed by the 41 Separatists among the passengers of the Mayflower (1620)
  • WW1: World War One ends when Armistice signed by the Allies and Germany comes into effect ending hostilities at 11.00 am (1918)
  • President Harding dedicates Tomb of Unknown Soldier at Arlington Cemetery (1921)
  • The Virginia Military Institute is founded in Lexington, Virginia (1839)
  • U.S. Route 66 is established (1926)
  • Kate Smith first sings Irving Berlin’s God Bless America (1939)
  • WW2: Germany completes the occupation of France (1942)
  • WW2: Jews in Free Zone of France ordered to wear yellow star of David (1942)
  • Alvan Clark patents telescope (1851)
  • Fyodor Dostoevsky, Russian novelist and Christian, was born (1821)
  • Louisa May Alcott publishes her first story (1952)
  • Eternal flame lit for tomb of unknown solder, Arc de Triumph (1923)
  • Nat Turner, the leader of a bloody slave revolt in Southampton County, Virginia, is hanged (1831)
  • United Methodist Church was formed when two Methodist denominations merged (1966)
  • The Church of England approves the ordination of female priests (1992)
  • Thousands of Paris students lay a wreath at the Grave of the Unknown Soldier (1940)
  • Blizzard strikes midwestern US killing over 100 (1940)
  • First episode of Rocky & His Friends airs (1959)
  • Publication of “Two Towers” 2nd volume of “Lord of the Rings” by J. R. R. Tolkien (1954)

November 12:

  • The Carolina Assembly passed a Vestry Act making the Church of England the official religion of the Carolina Colony. Because of strong opposition, it was repealed within 2 years. (1701)
  • WW2: Nazis receive 92% of vote in Germany (1933)
  • WW2: Japanese premier Hideki Tojo sentenced to death by war crimes tribunal (1948)
  • Ellis Island Immigration Station in New York Harbor closed (1934)
  • Civil War: The destruction of Atlanta begins (1864)
  • Author Alexander Solzhenitsyn expelled from Soviet Writers Union (1969)
  • Vietnam War: US army announces investigating William Calley for alleged massacre of civilians at Vietnamese village of My Lai  (1969)
  • 1st Movie stunt happens when a man jumps into Hudson river from a burning balloon (1910)
  • WW2: Hitler is arrested for attempt to seize power in Germany (1923)
  • Blizzard strikes Midwest, 154 die  (1940)
  • Actor William Holden dies (1981)
  • Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Cordell Hull for establishing UN  (1945)
  • Revolutionary War: General Washington forbids recruiting officers enlisting blacks (1775)

November 13:

  • US Supreme court rules race separation on buses in Alabama unconstitutional (1956)
  • First modern elastic brassiere patented by Mary Phelps Jacob (1913)
  • WW2: Minimum draft age lowered from 21 to 18 (1942)
  • War on Terror: In the first such act since World War II, US President George W. Bush signs an executive order allowing military tribunals against foreigners suspected of connections to terrorist acts or planned acts on the United States (2001)
  • President George Washington conclude first ever presidential tour (1789)
  • English Lady Jane Grey and Archbishop Thomas Cranmer accused of high treason (1553)
  • 1st US anti-slavery party, Liberty Party, convenes in New York (1839)
  • James Braid first sees a demonstration of animal magnetism which leads to his study of the subject he eventually calls hypnosis (1841)
  • Ben Franklin writes “Nothing . . . certain but death & taxes” (1789)

November 14:

  • Inter-Varsity Christian Fellowship was incorporated in Chicago (1941)
  • Charles J. Guiteau put on trial for the assassination of US President Garfield (1881)
  • Albert Einstein presents his quantum theory of light (1908)
  • WW1: Ottoman Empire religious leader Sheikh-ul-Islam declares an Islamic holy war urging his Muslim followers to take up arms against Britain, France, Russia, Serbia and Montenegro (1914)
  • Vietnam War: US government sends 90,000 soldiers to Vietnam (1965)
  • Moby Dick by Herman Melville published (1851)
  • Yale University announces it is going co-educational (1968)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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