This Week in History 9/27 – 10/3

History etched on an old paper scroll with a feather quill and compass

This Week in History

September 27:

  • Revolutionary War: John Adams negotiates peace terms with England (1779)
  • Henry Ford’s first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan (1908)
  • Revolutionary War: British General William Howe occupies Philadelphia (1777)
  • Constitution submitted to states for ratification (1787)
  • Albert Einstein

    Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, introducing the equation E=mc². (1905)

  • WW2: Nazi Germany, Italy & Japan sign 10 year formal alliance (1940)
  • WW2: Warsaw Poland, surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance (1939)
  • Revolutionary War: The Protestant Episcopal Church founded when U.S. Anglicans met to created the denomination to become independent of the Church of England (1785)
  • Walls of upper city of Jerusalem battered down by Roman army (70AD)
  • Rail travel starts with first rail line – Stockton-Darlington line (1825)
  • School integration begins in Wash DC & Baltimore Md public schools (1954)
  • President Taft sets aside some 3 million acres of oil-rich public land, including Teapot Dome, Wyoming, for conservation purposes (1909)
  • Civil War: Centralia Massacre in Missouri where 24 unarmed Union soldiers were captured and executed by “Bloody Bill” Anderson (1864)
  • Civil War: Jesse James gang surprise attacks train and kills 150 (1864)
  • Google is launched (1998)

September 28:

  • Revolutionary War: 9,000 American forces & 7,000 French forces begin siege of Yorktown (1781)
  • WW1: British soldier allegedly spares the life of an injured Adolf Hitler (1918)
  • Statute enacted by the colony of Maryland giving ministers the right to impose divorce on “unholy couples.” (1704)
  • Guerrilla’s assault unarmed US soldiers in Balangiga Philippians killing 38 (1901)
  • Woman arrested for smoking a cigarette in a car in New York City (1904)
  • King Wenceslas of Bohemia. who the Christmas song was written about. was martyred by his brother (929)
  • William the Conqueror invades England (1066)
  • US troops reoccupy Cuba (1906)
  • US Navy abolishes flogging as punishment (1850)

September 29:

  • In Jamestown, Captain Newport arrives from England with supplies for colonists (1608)
  • US War Department established a regular army (1789)
  • British spy John André , accomplish of Benedict Arnold, is sentenced to death (1780)
  • Cyanide-laced Tylenol kills six (1982)
  • My Three Sons starring Fred MacMurray, debuts on ABC-TV (1960)
  • MacGyver starring Richard Dean Anderson, debuts on ABC-TV (1985)
  • Darius I of Persia kills Magian usurper Gaumâta securing his hold as king of the Persian Empire (522 BC)
  • In Battle of Salamis, the Greek fleet under Themistocles defeats the Persian fleet under Xerxes (480 BC)

September 30:

  • Wyoming legislators write the first state constitution to grant women the vote (1889)
  • Civil War: Black soldiers given US Congressional Medal of Honor (1864)
  • JFK routes 3,000 federal troops to Mississippi (1962)
  • English revivalist of the Great Awakening George Whitefield died on his seventh visit to America (1770)
  • James Dean dies in a car accident at age 24 (1955)
  • President Woodrow Wilson gives a speech before Congress in support of guaranteeing women the right to vote (1918)
  • WW2: 22 Nazi leaders found guilty of war crimes at Nuremberg, Ribbentrop and Goering sentenced to death (1946)
  • Time Square Theater opens (1920)
  • USS Nautilus commissioned (1954)
  • King Richard II of England abdicates (1399)
  • The complete Old and New Testament of the Revised Standard Version (RSV) of the Bible was first published by Thomas Nelson and Son (1952)

October 1:

  • WW2: Adolf Hitler expands German army & navy & creates an air force violating Treaty of Versailles (1934)
  • Free Speech Movement launched at University of California, Berkley (1964)
  • US space agency NASA begins operations incorporating earlier National Advisory Council on Aeronautics and other bodies (1958)
  • Congress creates Weather Bureau (1890)
  • Pennsylvania Turnpike, pioneer toll thruway, opens (1940)
  • Yosemite National Park forms (1890)
  • WW2: 12 Nazi war criminals sentenced to death in Nuremberg (1946)
  • Johnny Carson hosts his first Tonight Show, Joan Crawford guests (1962)
  • US Office of Strategic Services known as OSS, precursor to the CIA, disbands (1945)
  • Alexander the Great defeat Persian ruler Darius III in Battle of Gaugamela (331 BC)
  • Karl Marx’ Das Kapital published (1867)

October 2:

  • First atomic power clock exhibited in New York City (1956)
  • Revolutionary War: British spy John André , accomplish of Benedict Arnold, is hanged (1780)
  • President Woodrow has a stroke leaving him partially paralyzed (1919)
  • WW2: Nazis crush Warsaw Uprising killing 250,000 people (1944)
  • North American colony of Connecticut passes law against Quakers (1656)
  • First cartoon comic strip is printed in a newspaper (1895)
  • San Diego Zoo founded (1916)
  • WW2: Germans launch attack on Moscow (1941)
  • Battle of Gonzales fought between Texan settlers and Mexican forces becomes first engagement of the Texas revolution (1835)
  • Brigham Young arrested for bigamy (1871)
  • New York Anti-Slavery Society organized (1833)
  • Saladin, Muslim Sultan of Egypt, captured Jerusalem (1187)
  • Baptist Missionary Society Formed in England (1792)

October 3:

  • Washington proclaims first national Thanksgiving Day on November 26
     (1789)
  • SOS adopted as warning signal by 1st conference on wireless telegraphy (1906)
  • Reunification of East & West Germany. West German flag raised above Brandenburg Gate on the stroke of midnight (1990)
  • Lincoln designates last Thursday in November as Thanksgiving Day (1863)
  • Red Badge of Courage published (1895)
  • Federal income tax signed into law at 1% (1913)
  • Captain Kangaroo premieres on CBS-TV (1955)
  • Mickey Mouse Club premieres (1955)
  • Increase Mather published his “Cases of Conscience Concerning Evil Spirits,” which effectively brought an end to the Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • Author Edgar Allan Poe found delirious in a gutter in Baltimore, Maryland under mysterious circumstances, last time he is seen in public before his death (1849)
  • OJ Simpson acquitted of murder (1995)
  • Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor (1712)
  • Captain Cook anchors at Alaska (1778)
  • WW2: US forms parachute troops (1940)
  • Iraq gains full independence from Britain (1932)
  • WW2: 6 Paris synagogues bombed by Nazis (1941)
  • Bloomingdale’s department store in New York City opens (1872)
  • Thomas Gallaudet started the first church for the deaf in New York City (1852)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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