This Week in History 9/20 – 9/26

historyThis Week in History

September 20:

  • Ferdinand Magellan starts first successful circumnavigation of the world (1519)
  • Maryland passes first law to ban interracial marriage (1664)
  • George Simpson patents electric range (1859)
  • Civil War: Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends (1863)
  • Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange because of railroad bond default and bank failure. New York shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal (1873)
  • Saladin, sultan of Egypt and Syria, begins siege on Jerusalem (1187)
  • Slave trade abolished in Washington DC although slavery still allowed (1850)

September 21:

  • War of 1812: The Star Spangled Banner was first published (1814)
  • Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale arrested as first American spy by British (1776)
  • Revolutionary War: Benedict Arnold became a traitor and gave British Major Andre plans to West Point (1780)
  • President Warren G Harding signed a joint resolution of approval to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine (1922)
  • Radical Muslims opened fire and killed three at Christian radio station run by Far East Broadcasting Company in Zamboanga, Philippines (1992)
  • The Hobbit was first published (1937)
  • Author H.G. Wells born (1866)
  • Monarchy abolished in France (1792)
  • Hurricane in New England killed 700 (1938)
  • New York Sun ran famous Yes, Virginia there is a Santa Claus editorial (1897)
  • WW2: Martin Niemoeller organized 7,000 German Churches into the Pastors’ Emergency League during Hitler’s rise to power (1933)
  • WW2: 116 hostages executed by Nazis in Paris (1942)
  • Last 8 hanged during Salem Witch Trials (1692)
  • Perry Mason premiered on CBS-TV (1957)
  • Adam-12 premiered on ABC-TV (1968)
  • First western movie, Kit Carson, premiered (1903)
  • Pennsylvania Packet & General Advertiser became first daily newspaper in US (1784)

September 22:

  • Civil War: Abraham Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation freeing all slaves in states that are in rebellion (1862)
  • Revolutionary War: Nathan Hale becomes first American spy to be executed (1776)
  • California University made Dead Sea Scrolls public (1999)
  • US Office of Postmaster General created (1789)
  • According to the earliest accounts, an entire Roman legion was martyred for refusing to sacrifice to pagan gods (287 AD)
  • Author CS Lewis converted to Christianity following talk he’d had with friends J.R.R. Tolkien and Hugo Dyson (1931)

September 23:

  • Jeremy Lanphier started a prayer meeting with only six people in New York City. Within six months, it turned into a prayer revival with over 10,000 present each day. (1857)
  • Planet Neptune is discovered (1846)
  • Lincoln’s Emancipation is published in Northern Newspapers (1862)
  • Lewis & Clark returned to St. Louis from Pacific Northwest (1806)
  • WW2: The first gas murder experiments are conducted at Auschwitz. concentration camp (1941)
  • Civil War: Confederate siege of Chattanooga began (1863)
  • Law passed in Williamsburg, Virginia banning slaves from obtaining freedom by converting to Christianity (1667)
  • Hurricane Jeanne killed 1,070 in Haiti (2004)
  • Herman Hollerith patents his mechanical tabulating machine (1884)
  • First Frontier Days Rodeo Celebration held in Cheyenne Wyoming (1897)

September 24:

  • US Congress establishes Post Office Department (1789)
  • US Federal Judiciary Act is passed & creates a six-person Supreme Court (1789)
  • President George Washington nominates John Jay the first Chief Justice (1789)
  • US Attorney General Office is created (1789)
  • Tonight Show premieres on NBC (1954)
  • Civil War: Confederate Congress adopts confederacy seal (1862)
  • Honda Motor Company founded (1948)
  • First autopsy & coroner’s jury verdict was recorded in Maryland (1657)
  • WW2: Mildred Gillars known as Axis Sally, an American broadcaster employed by the Third Reich in Nazi Germany to proliferate propaganda during World War II, pleads not guilty to eight chargs of treason in Washington, D.C. (1948)
  • “Operation Magic Carpet” – all Jews from Yemen move to Israel (1950)
  • Boston, Massachusetts opens airport (1924)
  • Cornelius Vanderbilt makes the first round-the-world trip by yacht (1853)
  • Black Friday – Wall St panic after Gould & Fisk attempt to corner gold (1869)

September 25:

  • US adopted first amendment to the US Constitution. It reads, “Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances” (1789)
  • US Congress proposes Bill of Rights (1789)
  • Author William Faulkner is born (1897)
  • Revolutionary War: Continental Army Colonel Ethan Allen is captured by the British and sent to England to be executed. The execution never takes place.(1775)
  • On a voyage preaching the gospel, Saint Fermin of Pamplona is beheaded in Amiens, France (303 AD)
  • French Physicist Francois Arago announces discovery of electromagnetism (1820)
  • Benedict Arnold joins the British (1780)
  • First printing press in America (1639)
  • Black church is destroyed by fire in Macon Georgia (1962)
  • 12th amendment to US constitution regulating judicial power (1804)
  • President Woodrow Wilson suffers a breakdown in Colorado, his health never recovers (1919)
  • Peter Cartwright, colorful circuit riding preacher who led at least 10,000 to Christ in Kentucky, Tennessee, and Illinois, died (1872)
  • Jackson Kemper was consecrated as a missionary to the frontier west (1835)
  • Henry Ford announces 8 hour, 5-day work week (1929)
  • First state poorhouse opens in Smyrna, Georgia (1933)
  • Polygamy officially banned by Mormon Church (1890)

September 26:

  • Thomas Jefferson appointed first US Secretary of State, John Jay wins nomination for first US Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, Edmund J Randolph becomes first US Attorney General (1789)
  • First American soldier died in Vietnam (1945)
  • President Lincoln called for a nationwide fast (1861)
  • Russia ended decades of religious repression with a new constitution allowing religious freedom (1990)
  • Kennedy and Nixon faced off in the first televised national presidential debates (1960)
  • Birth of Jonathan Chapman, also known as Johnny Appleseed, who distributed apple seeds and religious tracts from the Alleghenies to the Ohio Valley (1774)
  • First public appearance of John Philip Sousa’s band (1892)
  • Gilligan’s Island debuts (1964)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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