This Week in History 9/13 – 9/19

  • historyThis Week in History

September 13:

  • Massachusetts General Court banished Separatist preacher Roger Williams for criticizing the Massachusetts Bay Company charter and for perpetually advocating a separation of church and state (1635)
  • New York City became the first capital of United States (1788)
  • Robert Thomas became the first protestant missionary to Korea (1865)
  • IBM introduces the first computer disk storage unit (1956)
  • First United Negro College Fund (1980)
  • The temple of Jupiter on Rome’s Capitoline Hill is dedicated on the ides of September (1509 BC)

September 14:

  • Francis Scott Key writes Star Spangled Banner (1814)
  • President McKinley dies of infection from gunshot wounds from his assassination a week earlier (1901)
  • Historic National Prayer Service held at Washington National Cathedral for victims of the September 11 attacks (2001)
  • Walt Disney awarded Medal of Freedom at White House (1964)
  • Ground breaking ceremony for UN world headquarters (1948)
  • WW2: Nazis gain 107 seats in German election (1930)
  • German composer George Frederick Handel finished composing The Messiah after only 21 days (1741)

September 15:

  • 16th Street Baptist Church in Birmingham, Alabama was bombed during Sunday morning service killing 4 girls in a racially motivated act of terrorism (1963)
  • Antoinette L. Brown became the first woman formally ordained to a pastorate in the United States (1853)
  • Lone Ranger premieres on ABC-TV (1949)
  • Colonel George and Sarah Clarke opened first mission in the slums of Chicago on South Clark Street (1877)
  • Lost in Space premieres (1965)
  • First non-aristocratic, free public school in Europe opened in Frascati, Italy (1616)

September 16:

  • Great Seal of US used for first time (1782)
  • Bomb explosion in Wall Street killing 30 (1920)
  • Gandhi began a fast in prison to protest British electoral caste system (1932)
  • Blimp is moored to Empire State Building (1931)
  • General Motors began (1908)
  • Largest land run in history began with more than 100,000 people pouring into the Cherokee Strip of Oklahoma (1893)
  • WW2: US imposed draft (1940)
  • Fire of Moscow (1812)

September 17:

  • US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention (1787)
  • Civil War: Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War where 23,110 died (1862)
  • Massachusetts enacted severe laws against Quakers (1656)
  • Harriet Tubman first escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers (1849)RCA Victor released its first 33 1/3 RPM recording – Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony (1934)
  • US space officials announced selection of 9 new astronauts (1962)
  • WW2: Soviet Union invaded Poland (1939)
  • Last Russian troops left Poland (1993)
  • Donner Party sent two men ahead to California for food and supplies (1946)
  • Great fire of San Francisco (1850)
  • Civil War: Battle of Cumberland Gap, Tennessee (1862)
  • 247 Spanish colonists consecrated their newly-founded mission known as San Francisco (1776)
  • Fugitive first appeared on ABC-TV (1963)
  • City of Boston, Massachusetts founded
  • 19 students attended opening class at Ohio State University (1873)
  • Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion resulted in the single largest civilian disaster during the war killing 78 workers (1862)
  • Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed (642)
  • WW1: Manfred von Richthofen, The Red Baron – a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, won his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France (1816)
  • Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter (1691)
  • Major trading markets in the United States, including the New York Stock Exchange and the New York Mercantile Exchange (NYMEX), reopen for the first time since September 11 (2001)
  • First class of escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe, Virginia, now Hampton University (1861)
  • Joshua Abraham Norton proclaimed himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America (1959)

September 18:

  • US President George Washington lays cornerstone of Capitol building (1793)
  • US Air Force formed (1947)
  • Congress passed Fugitive Slave Law as part of Compromise of 1850 (1850)
  • The Full Gospel Fellowship of Churches and Ministers International, now known as Christ for the Nations, was founded (1962)
  • Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, ICANN, founded (1998)
  • Harriet Maxwell Converse became first white woman to become an Indian chief (1891)
  • WW2: A railway explosion is faked by the Japanese to create a pretext for the invasion of Manchuria, China,  (1931)
  • Get Smart, Adam’s Family, and I Dream of Jeannie premiered on television (1965)
  • New York Times started publishing (1851)

September 19:

  • Hudson Taylor set sail for China where he would found the China Inland Mission (1853)
  • President George Washington’s farewell address (1796)
  • Continental Congress passed the first budget of the United States (1778)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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