This Week in History 8/30 – 9/5

historyThis Week in History

August 30:

  • Thurgood Marshall confirmed as first African-American Supreme Court Justice (1967)
  • Colonial religious teacher Anne Hutchinson was charged with “traducing the ministry” and banished from the Massachusetts Bay Colony (1637)
  • Hotline communication link between Pentagon in Washington DC and the Kremlin in Moscow installed (1963)
  • European leaders outlaw crossbow intending to end war for all time (1146)
  • U.S. Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Guion S. Bluford becomes the first African American to travel into space when the space shuttle Challenger lifts off on its third mission (1983)
  • Civil War: Last day of 2nd Battle of Bull Run or Manassas results in Confederate victory (1862)
  • First recorded occurrence of a comet hitting the sun (1979)
  • 13,000 meteors seen in one hour near Andromeda (1885)
  • WW2: General MacArthur lands in Japan (1945)
  • President Benjamin Harrison signed the first U.S. law requiring inspection of meat products (1890)
  • WW2: Hong Kong liberated from Japanese (1945)
  • Samson Occom, direct descendant of the great Mohegan chief Uncas, was ordained to become a missionary to his own people (1743)
  • City of Houston founded by Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen (1836)
  • Honolulu, Hawaii, becomes a city (1850)
  • Dutch & Indians sign peace treaty in New Amsterdam, New York (1645)
  • Melbourne, Australia founded (1835)
  • Air France forms (1933)

August 31:

  • Puritan clergyman John Bunyan, author of Pilgrim’s Promise, died (1688)
  • Thomas Edison patent his movie camera (1897)
  • First microwave TV station operated in Texas (1955)
  • First sun-powered automobile demonstrated (1955)
  • Jack the Ripper claims his first victim (1888)
  • Henry VI became King of England at the age of 9 months (1422)

September 1:

  • WW2: Germany invades Poland starting World War II (1939)
  • WW2: Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David (1941)
  • WW2: Hitler orders extermination of mentally ill (1939)
  • WW2: US Federal judge upholds detention of Japanese-Americans (1942)
  • WW2: Japan signs surrender papers officially ending World War 2 (1945)
  • Communists form North China People’s Republic (1948)
  • Former Vice-President Aaron Burr acquitted of charges of treason and plotting to set up an empire (1807)
  • Civil War: Union Army General William Tecumseh Sherman lays siege to Atlanta, Georgia in his march to the sea (1864)
  • Gunsmoke goes off the the air (1975)
  • First colonies along Santa Fe Trail (1821)
  • A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service (1859)
  • A wagon train of Presbyterian missionaries, led by pioneer missionary Dr. Marcus Whitman, reached the site of modern Walla Walla, Washington, and Whitman’s wife Narcissa became the first white woman to cross the North American continent (1836)
  • Russia began taxing men’s beards (1689)
  • First female telephone operator starts work (1878)
  • Bank of Manhattan Company, now known as Chase Manhattan, opens in New York City (1799)
  • In Boston, the Massachusetts Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, first tract society in US, was instituted. It was the first tract society established (1803)
  • P.T. Barnum brings Jenny Lind, most famous opera singer of the 19th century, to New York (1850)

September 2:

  • September Massacres of the French Revolution, mostly Christians (1792)
  • WW2: George H W Bush, future president, ejects from a burning plane (1944)
  • US Treasury Department established by Congress (1789)
  • Machine gun first used in battle (1898)
  • Communist Party of America organizes in Chicago (1919)
  • Great Smoky Mountains National Park dedicated (1940)
  • First automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center, New York (1969)
  • English clergyman Thomas Coke was consecrated, the first “bishop” of the Methodist Episcopal Church by founder John Wesley (1784)
  • First Anglican service on Canadian soil heldon Baffin Island (1758)
  • WW2: As the Japanese marched into Papua, New Guinea, Bishop Strong of the Anglican Church broadcast a radio message. “Whatever others may do, we cannot leave. . . .If we are fools, we are fools for Christ’s sake.” Most of the missionaries there would not leave and became tortured and martyred by the Japanese. Although this took place throughout the year, today is commemorated as Martyr’s Day there. (1942)
  • J.R. Tolkien, author of The Hobbit and Lord of the Rings trilogy, died (1973)
  • Great Fire of London (1666)

September 3:

  • Revolutionary War: Treaty of Paris signed in Paris ends the American Revolutionary War (1783)
  • WW2: Britain declares war on Germany after invasion of Poland. France follows 6 hours later quickly joined by Australia, New Zealand, South Africa & Canada. (1939)
  • Great Britain, including Scotland, Ireland, Wales and the American colonies, officially implemented the Gregorian Calendar with no September 3-13 that year (1752)
  • Revolutionary War: US flag flown for first time in battle (1777)
  • First major group of Swiss/German colonists reaches Carolinas (1709)
  • Frederick Douglas escapes from slavery disguised as a sailor (1838)
  • French Constitution passed by French National Assembly (1791)
  • WW2: 68th & last transport of Dutch Jews ,including Anne Frank, left for Auschwitz concentration camp (1944)
  • World’s first cannery opens in London, England to supply food to the Royal Navy (1812)
  • New York Sun, first daily newspaper, begins publishing (1833)
  • Evangeline Cory Booth became first woman general of the Salvation Army (1934)
  • WW2: 1940 Olympic site changed from Tokyo Japan to Helsinki Finland (1938)
  • WW2: Japanese forces in Philippines surrender to Allies (1945)
  • WW1: First night bombing of London by German aircraft (1917)
  • Espionage & Sabotage Act of 1954 signed in the US prompted by the cold war (1954)

September 4:

  • Henry Hudson becomes first European to discover Manhattan Island (1609)
  • Governor of Arkansas, Orval Faubus, calls out National Guard to stop 9 black students from entering a Little Rock High School (1957)
  • George Eastman patents 1st roll-film camera & registers “Kodak” (1888)
  • Robert Fulton begins operating his steamboat (1807)
  • Kelly Clarkson wins first American Idol (2002)
  • Robert Maclay and Henry Hickok, Methodists missionaries to China, reached Fuchau in the land of Confucius (1847)
  • Civil War: General Lee invaded the North with 50,000 Confederate troops in Battle of Antietam or Sharpsburg, part of the Maryland Campaign (1862)
  • Author Beatrix Potter first writes the story of Peter Rabbit for a 5 year old boy (1893)
  • Revolutionary War: City of Amsterdam signs trade agreement with American rebels (1778)
  • The Religious Remembrancer, later renamed The Christian Observer, was first published US Christian Newspaper (1813)
  • Lighting of NY’s Pearl Street Station, Thomas Edison’s first large scale test of the light bulb (1882)
  • Apache Chief Geronimo surrenders ending last major US-Indian war (1886)
  • First newsboy, Barney Flaherty – 10 years old, hired by NY Sun (1833)
  • First cafeteria opened in New York City (1885)
  • Catholic rebellion in Scotland (1571)
  • English astronomer Edmund Halley observes the comet named after him (1682)
  • Archeological remains of a Viking fortress from the 900s, the Vallø Borgring, is discovered in Denmark (2014)
  • Assemblies of God opened its first theological graduate school in Springfield, Missouri (1973)
  • 12,000 tailors went on strike in New York City protesting sweat shops (1894)
  • First transcontinental TV broadcast by US President Harry Truman (1951)
  • Los Angeles founded (1781)
  • Dalai Lama signs treaty allowing British commerce in Tibet (1904)

September 5:

  • Revolutionary War: First session of the Continental Congress convenes in Philadelphia (1774)
  • At Harvard College, Colonial clergyman Increase Mather received the first Doctor of Sacred Theology degree to be awarded in America (1692)
  • Obadiah Holmes whipped in Boston, Massachusetts for holding a Baptist church service in a private home (1651)
  • Sam Huston elected president of Republic of Texas (1836)
  • Civil War: General Lee crosses Potomac & enters Maryland (1862)
  • Jerry Lewis’ first Muscular Dystrophy telethon raises $15,000 (1966)
  • French Revolution: “Reign of Terror” begins (1793)
  • 10,000 workers march in 1st Labor Day parade in New York City (1882)
  • WW2: “Mad Tuesday” 65,000 Dutch nazi collaborators flee to Germany (1944)
  • First color video recording on magnetic tape presented in Charlotte, North Carolina (1958)
  • American baseball player-turned-evangelist Billy Sunday married Helen Thompson (1888)
  • Baptist Bible College was founded in Springfield, Missouri (1950)
  • First Opium War begins in China (1839)
  • Cassius Clay wins Olympic light heavyweight gold medal (1960)
This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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