This Week in History 8/23 – 8/29

historyThis Week in History

August 23:

  • War of 1812: First Lady Dolley Madison saves portrait of George Washington and other important art work in the White House from the British before they march into Washington DC (1814)
  • African Methodist Episcopal Church incorporated (1796)
  • Russian ballet star Aleksandr Godunov becomes first dancer to defect to the United States (1979)
  • Mount Holyoke Female Seminary in South Hadley, Massachusetts first graduating class (1838)
  • Eastern Tennessee settlers declare their area an independent state called Franklin (1784)
  • Civil War: Confederate spy Rose O’Neal Greenhow by Allan Pinkerton (1961)
  • East Germany imposed new curbs on travel between West & East Berlin (1961)
  • Mexico declares independence (1821)
  • Texas Rangers arrest outlaw and killer John Wesley Hardin who once shot a man for snoring (1877)
  • WW2: Hitler-Stalin pact makes Germany and USSR allies (1939)
  • Italian-born anarchists Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti are executed for murder (1927)
  • William Wallace, Scottish patriot, is executed for high treason by Edward I of England (1305)
  • St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre where 70,000 Protestant Huguenots were slaughtered by Catholics (1572)
  • New York City declares first cases of West Nile virus (1999)
  • First one-way streets open in London (1617)
  • British capture Hong Kong from China (1839)
  • Mars’ closest approach to Earth since 10th century (1924)
  • Fannie Farmer opens cooking school changing forever the way women cook (1902)
  • Patent for first tire chain issued (1904)
  • Rudolph Valentino, silent screen idol, dies at the age of 31 from a ruptured ulcer (1926)

August 24:

  • Amelia Earhart

    Gutenberg Bible was bound (1456)

  • War of 1812: British forces captured Washington, DC, & burned down many landmarks including the White House (1814)
  • First transcontinental non-stop flight by a woman, Amelia Earhart (1932)
  • District of Alaska becomes an organized incorporated territory of the United States (1912)
  • Rome fell to Alaric and his Visigoth armies when someone opened the city gate from within (410 AD)
  • Mt Vesuvius erupts burying Pompeii & Herculaneum and killing 15,000 (79 AD)
  • Thomas Edison patents motion picture camera (1891)
  • Edith Sampson named 1st African American US delegate to UN (1950)
  • First potato chips prepared in Sarasota Springs, New York (1853)
  • WW2: Luftwaffe bombs London (1940)
  • Duke James of York gives Delaware to William Penn (1682)
  • The Panic of 1857 begins setting off one of the most severe economic crises in U.S. history (1857)
  • Five Baptist congregations met at Jellico Creek, Kentucky, and formed the Church of God of the Mountain Assembly, a Pentecostal denomination (1906)
  • Richmond Daily Dispatch reports 90 blacks arrested for learning (1858)
  • Cornelius Swarthout patents waffle iron (1869)
  • -127°F, -88°C, in Vostok, Antarctica sets world record 1960)
  • Pope Innocent III declares Magna Carta invalid (1215)
  • 6,000 Jews blamed for the Plague are killed in Mainz (1349)
  • Announcement of possible Martian tornadoes (1987)

August 25:

  • John Birch

    Moravian missionaries Dober and Leupold left to sell themselves into slavery so they could preach the Gospel to slaves in St. Thomas (1732)

  • John Birch, an American missionary to China and a captain in the Army during World War 2, is killed by Chinese communists days after the surrender of Japan, for no apparent reason and becomes the first casualty of the Cold War (1945)
  • New York Sun newspaper perpetrates Great Moon Hoax reporting life had been discovered on the moon (1835)
  • WW2: Paris is liberated from the Nazis (1944)
  • Hurricane kills 275 in Galveston, Texas (1915)
  • First skirmishes of the Battle of Blair Mountain, a civil uprising in Logan County, West Virginia (1921)
  • New Orleans founded as hundreds of French pour into Louisiana (1718)
  • Theologian and preacher Andrew Murray’s testimony of his life was published in The Christian Magazine (1895)
  • Matthew Webb becomes first to swim English Channel (1875)
  • US Department of Interior forms National Park Service (1916)

August 26:

  • 19th Amendment adopted giving women the right to vote (1920)
  • The New Testament of the ASV American Standard Version Bible was first published (1901)
  • First US roller coaster built (1929)
  • Battle of Crecy in Normandy where the English annihilate the French ending the 100 Year War because of the use of a new weapon, the long bow (1346)
  • First televised Major League baseball game (1939)
  • An American in Paris with music by George Gershwin, directed by Vincente Minnell, and starring Gene Kelly and Leslie Caron premieres in London (1951)
  • Michelangelo was commissioned by Pope Alexander VI to carve the “Pieta” Mary lamenting over the dead body of Jesus (1498)
  • First Lutheran denomination in North America, the Pennsylvania Ministerium, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (1748)
  • 16 blacks lynched in Tennessee (1874)
  • Harry Houdini escapes from chains underwater at Aquatic Park in 57 seconds (1907)
  • Charles Lindbergh dies (1974)

August 27:

  • Krakatoa becomes the most powerful volcanic eruption, destroys island, and affects weather and sea levels around the world. It is heard 3,000 miles away and creates 120-foot tsunamis that killed 36,000 people. (1883)
  • Guinness Book of World Records is first published (1955)
  • WW2:  Prince Fumimaro Konoye, prime minister of Japan, announces that he would like to enter into direct negotiations with President Roosevelt in order to prevent the Japanese conflict with China from expanding into world war (1941)
  • Worst fire in New York in 80 years ends after 4 days (1995)
  • WW2: US troops land in Japan after Japanese surrender (1945)
  • Revolutionary War: Battle of Brooklyn (1776)
  • Roman Holiday starring Audrey Hepburn and Gregory Peck is released (1953)
  • Books by poet John Milton were ordered burned because of his attacks on the monarchy (1606)
  • Missionary Ludwig I. Nommensen baptized the first four families of the Batak tribe in North Sumatra, now known as Indonesia, to be converted to the Christian faith (1865)

August 28:

  • 200,000 march and demonstrate for African American civil rights in Washington, DC where Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. gives his I Have a Dream speech (1963)
  • Campus Crusade for Christ was incorporated in Los Angeles by founder Bill Bright (1953)
  • WW2: 23,000 Hungarian Jews are murdered by the Gestapo in occupied Ukraine (1941)
  • Vietnam War: Police & anti-war demonstrators clash at Chicago’s Demcratic National Convention, and reporter Mike Wallace is punched in the mouth on live TV (1968)
  • Civil War: 2nd Battle of Bull Run or Manassas at Groveton, Virginia with Union losses of 16,000 and Confederate losses of 9,000 (1862)
  • Revolutionary War: Battle of Cooch’s Bridge takes place near Newark, Delaware (1777)
  • First locomotive in US, Tom Thumb, runs from Baltimore to Ellicotts Mill (1820)
  • Ten suffragists arrested as they picket the White House (1917)
  • Henry Hudson discovers & explores Delaware Bay (1609)
  • WW1: Germany declares war on Romania (1916)
  • WW1: Italy declares war against Germany (1916)
  • Oldest city in the US, St Augustine Florida, is established (1565)
  • Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue (1845)

August 29:

  • Traditional date John the Baptist was beheaded (28 AD)
  • Hurricane Katrina makes its 2nd landfall as a category 3 hurricane devastating much of the U.S. Gulf Coast from Louisiana to Florida Panhandle killing more than 1,836 (2005)
  • WW2: Red Cross, reveals that Japan has refused free passage of ships carrying food, medicine, and other necessities for American POWs held by Japan (1942)
  • Walt Disney’s Mary Poppins released (1964)
  • Congress creates US Naval Reserve (1916)
  • First Olympics in US and 3rd Modern Olympics held in St. Louis (1904)
  • Evangelist Charles Finney of the Second Great Awakening was born (1792)
  • Civil War: Day 2 of 2nd Battle of Bull Run or Manassas (1862)
  • WW2: General Douglas McArthur named Supreme Commander of Allied Powers in Japan (1945)
  • Revolutionary War: Americans withdraw from Manhattan to Westchester (1777)
  • Britain’s Slavery Abolition Act becomes law (1833)
  • Shay’s Rebellion in Springfield, Massachusetts (1786)
  • USSR explodes its first hydrogen bomb (1953)
  • Seismic sea waves created by Krakatoa eruption create a rise in English Channel 32 hrs after explosion (1883)
  • Goodyear Tire Company is founded (1898)
  • US Bureau of Engraving & Printing begins operation (1862)
  • The Quebec Bridge collapses during construction killing 75 workers (1907)
  • Self-governing windmill patented (1854)
  • US Air Force Academy opens in Colorado Springs, Colorado (1958)
  • Copper coins are minted in Japan for the first time (708 AD)
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This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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