This Week in History 8/16 – 8/22

historyThis Week in History

August 16:

  • Second Great Awakening Revivalist Charles Finney died (1875)
  • IBM introduces software for artificial intelligence (1988)
  • Civil War: Chickamauga campaign in Georgia (1863)
  • Indian chiefs from the Sioux & Onondaga tribes met to urge their people to renounce Christianity & return to their old Indian faith (1894)
  • 11th Olympic games closes in Berlin (1936)
  • Gold first discovered in Klondike, Alaska (1896)
  • Yorktown, Virginia founded (1691)
  • War of 1812: General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to British forces (1812)
  • Britain’s Queen Victoria telegraphs US President James Buchanan (1858)
  • US ends occupation of Haiti (1934)

August 17:

  • East German border guards shot and killed 18 year old Peter Fechter while he was attempting to cross Berlin Wall into western sector (1962)
  • Scottish preacher John Witherspoon, signer of the Declaration of Independence, becomes president of Harvard (1768)
  • John White returns to Roanoke, NC to find no trace of colonists he had left there 3 years earlier (1590)
  • George Orwell publishes Animal Farm (1946)
  • Rudolf Hess becomes the last of Hitler’s henchmen to die when he is found strangled to death in Spandau Prison in Berlin at the age of 93, apparently the victim of suicide (1987)
  • President Bill Clinton admits in taped testimony that he had an “improper physical relationship” with White House intern Monica Lewinsky (1998)
  • Billy the Kid commits his first murder (1877)
  • Joe Pulitzer donated $1 million to Columbia University & begins Pulitzer Prizes (1903)
  • Robert Fulton’s steamboat Clermont begins first trip up Hudson River (1807)
  • Solymon Merrick patents wrench (1835)
  • American Movement for Christian Unity which became Disciples of Christ denomination founded (1809)
  • Losantville, Ohio, now called Cincinnati, is founded (1788)
  • English Puritan Preacher Richard Mather first arrived in Boston (1635)

August 18:

  • 19th Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing women the right to vote, is ratified (1920)
  • Mayor of Tokyo Yukio Ozaki presents Washington, D.C. with 2,000 cherry trees, which President Taft decides to plant near the Potomac River (1909)
  • Revolutionary War: George Washington signs Jay Treaty with Great Britain (1795)
  • First mail-order catalog issued by A M Ward (1872)
  • First commercial oral contraceptive, Enovid 10 debuts in Skokie Illinois (1960)
  • Helena, first Christian archeologist and mother or first Christian Roman Emperor Constantine, dies (328 AD)
  • Chinese evangelist John Sung, who led thousands to Christ in China, died at 43 years old (1944)
  • First US marine expedition (1838)
  • John Bunyan, author of Pilgrim’s Progress, preached his last sermon (1688)
  • American Society of Dental Surgeons founded in New York (1840)

August 19:

  • The Christian Union, a Pentecostal denomination now known as the Church of God, was founded in Monroe County, Tennessee (1886)
  • Indianapolis 500 race track opens (1909)
  • Roman General Andrew and 2,593 Romans soldiers he’d led to Christ were tortured and executed for their faith. None recanted. (302 AD)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler becomes president of Germany (1934)
  • First electric taxis drive in London (1897)
  • Father Thomas Bilney burned at the stake for preaching, “the just shall live by faith”, and for distributing Bibles to laymen (1531)
  • New York Herald reports gold discovery in California (1849)
  • ABC begins Saturday morning kid shows (1950)
  • The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio (1934)
  • American frontier murderer and outlaw John Wesley Hardin is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas (1895)
  • Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using the United States Declaration of Independence to criticize Jefferson’s pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans (1791)

August 20:

  • New York Times sends first round the world telegram (1911)
  • Tchaikovsky‘s 1812 Overture opens in Moscow (1882)
  • Venus and Jupiter in conjunction – possible astrological explanation for Star of Bethlehem (2 AD)
  • First 20 known African Americans land at Jamestown Virginia (1619)
  • Alaska first sighted by Danish explorer Vitus Bering (1741)
  • First US commercial radio station, 8MK-WWJ, Detroit begins daily broadcasting (1920)
  • Dial telephone patented (1896)
  • Sixty Anabaptists leaders met for the Synod of Martyrs to discuss how to evangelize Europe. Within five years, all but three were dead, most by persecution. (1527)
  • First pilot to parachute from an aircraft (1913)
  • Viking 1 launched to orbit around Mars and make a soft landing (1975)
  • NASA launches Voyager 2 towards Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus & Neptune (1977)
  • The Church of God of All Nations Pentecostal denomination was formed out of the Church of God of Prophecy (1958)
  • The foundation of the Hungarian state (1000)
  • First Dutch East India Company ships return from the Far East (1597)

August 21:

  • First Lincoln-Douglas debate in Illinois (1858)
  • Civil War: Lawrence, Kansas raid by William Quantrill and his raiders kill over 200 unarmed men and boys (1863)
  • Hawaii becomes 50th US state (1959)
  • Nat Turner leads unsuccessful slave revolt in Virginia (1831)
  • Oldsmobile begins operation as a General Motors Corp division (1897)
  • American Bar Association organizes (1858)
  • Theft of Mona Lisa discovered (1911)
  • Democratic Convention opens in Chicago (1968)
  • Volcanic eruption Cameroon releases poison gas, killing 2,000 (1986)

J. Edgar Hoover

August 22:

  • Revolutionary War: Redcoats land at Long Island (1776)
  • In Massachusetts, missionary John Eliot founded an Indian church at Martha’s Vineyard (1670)
  • J. Edgar Hoover becomes Assistant Director of the FBI (1921)
  • International Red Cross founded (1864)
  • First female US newspaper editor, Ann Franklin, in Newport Rhode Island (1762)
  • President Teddy Roosevelt became first US chief executive to ride in a car (1902)
  • United States annexes New Mexico (1848)
  • Cadillac Motor Company is founded (1901)
  • Civil War in England began between Royalists & Parliament (1642)
  • World Council of Churches created (1948)
  • DNA testing links OJ Simpson to murder of Nicole Simpson & Ron Goldman (1994)
  • Beatles arrive in New York City (1966)
This entry was posted in History, This Week in History by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

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