How to Use Critiques to Improve Your Novel

Every fiction writer can benefit from a critique of his or her work. But too many critiques, critiques done too early, and taking advice from the wrong people make a critique your worst nightmare. These are the best ways to benefit from critiques.

Don’t get a critique too early. Finish your first draft before you even consider getting a critique. In fact, you should edit and polish your story the best you can before you ever show it to someone else. There are some reasons for this. In the first draft, you are working out the story on paper. You don’t need someone telling you they don’t believe your characterizations or where your plot is going. You work those out in the first draft as you discover your story. The novel evolves as you write it, and if you share it too soon, it will no longer become the story you have because other people’s opinions will affect the way the story evolves.

Edit your own first draft. After you finish your first draft, put it in a drawer and ignore it for at least a couple of weeks. This will help your objectivity and make it easier to edit. Now you do your own editing. You’ll learn your craft by laboring over your first and second drafts working them to become great. Do the hard work. Don’t expect others to do it for you.

Be careful whom you have critique. After you’re sure you’ve edited and rewritten the best you can, go ahead and show the story to a few people who love the genre of fiction you write. You’ll want different people in the mix. If you know a grammar expert, definitely recruit that person as one of your best resources. Also, find a couple of people who love to read but don’t necessarily write to point out where characters or plots seem unbelievable or where the reader loses interest. Last, find a couple of writers well versed in the craft who understand your voice and style of writing. Many times finding a good group of critiquers is trial and error. Keep working at it until you find the team that helps you the most.

Don’t Get Discouraged. When you get your critiques, don’t be discouraged by varying opinions. Remember they are opinions. Also, after you read a critique, don’t change anything right away. Let the critique set a day or two to digest the information and help you look at it in a fresh way.

Plan how you use critiques. Correct punctuation, spelling and grammar errors, and any writing errors such as adverbs, POV problems, and repeated words. Now you’re ready for the other comments – things such as holes in the plot, character problems, and pacing. Don’t make these changes right away. Stew on them for a while. Consider which opinions you want to use. If more than one person points out something, give that opinion more weight. But remember, it’s your story.

 Don’t get too many critiques. I’d say more than ten is excessive. You probably don’t even want that many. If you have too many opinions about your work, you might be tempted to second-guess yourself. It’s your story. Always remember that.

This entry was posted in Editing, Sharpening Our Writing and tagged , , , by Tamera Lynn Kraft. Bookmark the permalink.

About Tamera Lynn Kraft

Tamera Lynn Kraft has always loved adventures and writes Christian historical fiction set in America because there are so many adventures in American history. She is married to the love of her life, has two grown children, and lives in Akron, Ohio. Soldier’s Heart and A Christmas Promise are two of her historical novellas that have been published. She has received 2nd place in the NOCW contest, 3rd place TARA writer’s contest, and is a finalist in the Frasier Writing Contest.

9 thoughts on “How to Use Critiques to Improve Your Novel

  1. All valuable insights for me as I continue shaping my very first fiction novel. Thank you, Tamera! Your blog looks great. It is sure to meet needs!

  2. Good post, Tamera! I especially liked the discussion about presenting your work too early for critique. I’ve had the same discussion with my primary critique partner. I always present too early, primarily because if there’s going to be a problem, I’d rather know sooner rather than later, but also because knowing someone is actually reading my piece keeps me motivated to write. I do polish up the scene or chapter before I send it on, so my critter isn’t correcting things I know better than to do in the first place.

    Once, two of my critters said one of my main characters was unsympathetic and flat. That was a “hold the presses!” comment if ever there was one! I stopped everything and reworked the character.

    My critter though prefers absolute perfection in her work before she lets anyone see it. And I understand that too. Even though she doesn’t need outside motivation, and even though she’s capable of catching things on her own, she still needs the fresh eyes of a critique partner.

    I’ve yaddled long enough. Good post! ~~~ Linda

  3. Vital suggestions every one. I would emphasize point number two (edit your own first draft) because it’ll make your critters much. much happier. It irks me to no end when someone submits work for a critique without even bothering to read it over to check for spelling and punctuation errors!

  4. Tamera,
    Good, solid advice! Thanks so much for your service to the new writers of the world…I’m sure if I had read this post a year ago, I could have avoided some critique blunders on my own work, for sure. Keep up the good work; you’re being used for His glry, I’m sure. 🙂

  5. Very well-organized and clearly communicated. I agree with everything in this entry. Writers do need to remember that a HUGE part of writing is actually RE-WRITING! Keep up the good work!

  6. Excellent article, Tamara. Critique groups are so important in helping writers to grow in their craft, and your advice will help anyone getting started in a critique group.

  7. What an eye opener! I never thought I could have too many critiques on a piece. I agree about asking for a critique when you obviously have only a very rough draft. I’ve been criticized for not doing punctuation and spelling edits on long pieces sent to a critique group when it is obvious to me the writer needs to do a major overhaul on the story itself. How does one find competent critique partners? This has been a long-term struggle for me.

  8. Pingback: 10 Tips to Editing Your Own Novel | Word Sharpeners

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s