Contests, Giveaways, and FaceBook Parties for Alice’s Notions

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

There are a number of opportunities to win a copy of Alice’s Notions and a ton of free stuff including Amazon gift cards in the next couple of weeks. Here is a rundown on the contests.

 

 

Multi-Author Giveaway: $50 Amazon Card and 20 eBooks from 20 different authors
Enter for your chance to win the grand prize of a $50 Amazon Gift Card or the 1st place prize of 20 books including Alice’s Notions. Don’t miss your chance to win! Enter here: https://promosimple.com/ps/b638

 

Colonial Quills April Tea Party, April 28, 3:00 – 8:00 pm EST: 9 amazing historical authors are sharing their newest novels. I will be featured 7:00-7:30 and will be giving away an eBook of Alice’s Notions. Come join in and win some prizes.

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Goodreads Book Giveaway for Alice’s Notions: April 30 – May 31

Goodreads Book Giveaway

Alice's Notions by Tamera Lynn Kraft

Alice’s Notions

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

Giveaway ends May 31, 2017.

See the giveaway details at Goodreads.

Enter Giveaway

This Week in History 4/24 – 4/30

HistoryThis Week in History

  • April 24:
  • In deciding the legal case “United States v. Ballard,” the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the general principle that “the truth of religious claims is not for secular authority to determine.” (1944)
  • Massacre of Armenian Christians by Turks starts on Armenian Martyrs Day (1915)
  • Augustine of Hippo, early Christian theologian, was baptized (387 AD)
  • Boston News-Letter, first successful newspaper in US, forms (1704)
  • The Greeks enter Troy using the Trojan Horse (1147 BC)
  • US Civil War: Last federal occupying troops withdraw from the South in New Orleans (1877)
  • US President Harry Truman denies there are communists in the US government (1950)
  • Vietnam War: American General William Westmoreland says in a news conference that the enemy had “gained support in the United States that gives him hope that he can win politically that which he cannot win militarily.” (1967)
  • Easter Rising of Irish republicans against British occupation begins on Easter in Dublin (1916)
  • Volcano Mt Vesuvius erupts (1872)
  • Halley’s Comet sparks English monk to predict country will be destroyed (1066)
  • Jacob Evert & George Dulty patent first soda fountain (1833)
  • Spanish-American War: Spain delares war after rejecting US ultimatum to withdraw from Cuba (1898)
  • Double Indemnity starring Fred MacMurray and Barbara Stanwyck is released (1944)
  • National Medical Association of Black physicians organizes (1884)
  • The Woolworth Building skyscraper in New York City is opened (1913)
  • Russia declares war on the Ottoman Empire (1877)
  • Jordan formally annexes the West Bank (1950)

April 25:

  • Library of Congress established (1800)
  • German cartographer Martin Waldseemuller first to use the name America on his world map Universalis Cosmographia (1507)
  • 7.8-magnitude earthquake near Kathmandu in Nepal, killing 8000, leaving over 100,000 homeless, destroying many historic sites (2015)
  • WW2: Red army completely surrounds Berlin (1945)
  • Spanish-American War: The United States declares state of war on Spain effective from 21st April. (1898)
  • Mexican-American War: The Thornton Affair conflict begins over the disputed border of Texas triggering the war (1846)
  • US Civil War: Capture of New Orleans by the Union under Flag Officer Farragut (1862)
  • Captured in 1967, the Sinai Peninsula was returned by Israel to Egypt as part of the 1979 Camp David Accord (1982)
  • The Augsburg Confession, the first summary of the Lutheran faith, was read publicly at the Diet of Worms (1530)
  • Robert Noyce patents integrated circuit (1961)
  • Daniel Defoe publishes Robinson Crusoe (1719)
  • Guillotine first used in France, executes highwayman Nicolas Pelletier (1792)
  • Charles Fremantle arrives in HMS Challenger off the coast of modern-day Western Australia (1829)
  • English Convention Parliament meets and votes to restore Charles II (1660)
  • Birth of John Keble, English clergyman and poet credited with founding the Oxford Movement (1792)
  • Patent granted for thimble (1684)
  • Sigmund Freud opens practice at Rathausstrasse 7, Vienna (1886)
  • Ground broken for Suez Canal (1859)

April 26:

  • World’s worst nuclear accident at the Chernobyl nuclear plant near Kiev in Ukraine (1986)
  • First permanent English colony in American lands at Cape Henry, Virginia (1607)
  • Nationwide test of Salk’s anti-polio vaccine begins (1954)
  • John Wilkes Booth, assassin of President Lincoln, is killed (1865)
  • Nationwide test of Salk anti-polio vaccine begins (1954)
  • Minnesota observed a statewide day of prayer asking for deliverance from a plague of grasshoppers ravishing their farms; the plague ended soon after (1877)
  • WW2: Marshal Henri Philippe Petain, leader of France’s Vichy collaborationist regime during WW II, arrested for treason (1945)
  • US Civil War: Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC (1865)
  • Copernicus makes his first observations of Saturn (1514)
  • Alexander Duff, Scottish missionary to India, was born (1806)
  • Harlow Shapley and Heber D. Curtis hold “great debate” on the nature of nebulae, galaxies and size of the universe at US National Academy of Sciences, Washington, D.C. (1920)
  • Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity, first time this defense used successfully in the US (1859)

April 27:

  • The universe is created according to German mathematician and astronomer Johannes Kepler (4977 BC)
  • US Revolutionary War: British Parliament passes the Tea Act (1773)
  • US Civil War: West Virginia secedes from Virginia after Virginia secedes from Union (1861)
  • US Civil War: Steamboat “SS Sultana” explodes in the Mississippi River, killing up to 1,800 of the 2,427 passengers in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history (1865)
  • The last Canadian missionary leaves the People’s Republic of China (1959)
  • English poet John Milton sold the copyright to his religious epic Paradise Lost for ten English pounds (1667)
  • The deadliest day of the 2011 Super outbreak of tornadoes, the largest tornado outbreak, in United States history (2011)
  • Blind and impoverished, John Milton sells the copyright of Paradise Lost for £10 (1667)
  • Soviet authorities order the evacuation of the city of Pripyat, population 50,000, one day after the Chernobyl nuclear accident (1986)
  • Death of Moravian missionary Peter Bohler who led John Wesley to Christ (1775)
  • Construction begins on the Freedom Tower for the new World Trade Center in New York City (2006)
  • US Civil War: US President Abraham Lincoln suspends writ of habeas corpus (1861)
  • Indian passive resistance is suspended when General J.C. Smuts enters into negotiations with Mahatma Gandhi (1911)
  • Modern state of Israel was officially recognized by the British government (1950)
  • Apollo 16 returns safely to Earth (1972)
  • Geneva’s first Protestant catechism was published (1537)
  • WW2: The Völkischer Beobachter, the newspaper of the Nazi Party, ceases publication (1945)

April 28:

  • Using the ISO 8601 standard Year Zero definition for the Gregorian calendar preceded by the Julian calendar, the one billionth minute since the start of January 1, Year Zero occurs at 10:40 AM on this date (1902)
  • US President Dwight D. Eisenhower resigns as Supreme Commander of NATO (1952)
  • Mutiny on the HMS Bounty (1789)
  • WW2: Mussolini, Italian dictator during the war, executed (1945)
  • Al Lewis, aviation missionary, was killed in a plane crash (1955)
  • Virginia Governor John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office (1635)
  • Maryland becomes seventh state to ratify US constitution (1788)
  • First commercial flight across Pacific operated by Pan Am (1937)
  • WW2: World War II titled so as result of Gallup Poll (1942)
  • The 100th General Assembly of the Southern Presbyterian Church passed a resolution declaring that sexual relations within marriage without the intention of procreation were not sinful (1960)
  • British Captain James Cook, aboard the Endeavour, lands at Botany Bay in Australia (1770)
  • Charles de Gaulle resigns as president of France (1969)
  • 181 die in coal mine collapse at Eccles, West Virginia (1914)
  • 119 die in Benwood, West Virginia coal mine disaster (1924)

April 29:

  • First Anglican worship service in America at Jamestown (1607)
  • Vietnam War: In Operation Frequent Wind, U.S. begins to evacuate US citizens from Saigon prior to an expected North Vietnamese takeover ending US involvement in the war (1975)
  • Vietnam War: Charles McMahon and Darwin Judge are the last two United States servicemen killed in Vietnam during the war (1975)
  • World War II monument opens in Washington D.C. (2004)
  • US Civil War: Maryland’s House of Delegates votes against seceding from Union (1861)
  • US Civil War: New Orleans falls to Union forces during US Civil War (1862)
  • Joan of Arc liberates Orleans for French (1429)
  • WW2: US troops liberated the oldest Nazi concentration camps, Dachau, in Bavaria, West Germany (1945)
  • The Navigators began when founder Dawson Trotman began the work in San Pedro, California (1933)
  • Vietnam War: 50,000 US & South Vietnamese troops invade Cambodia (1970)
  • Irish republicans abandon the post office in Dublin and surrender unconditionally, marking the end of the Easter Rising (1816)
  • WW2: Hitler marries Eva Braun as troops surround Berlin (1945)
  • Flemish woman introduces practice of starching linen into England (1553)
  • First US Rubber patent granted to Jacob F Hummel (1813)
  • The Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993 comes into force, outlaws production, stockpiling and use of chemical weapons among its signatories (1997)
  • First edition of Peter Roget’s Thesaurus published (1852)

April 30:

  • Roman Emperor Galerius issued Edit of Toleration ending the Great Persecution of Christians (311 AD)
  • Vietnam War: Last US helicopter leaves US embassy grounds, Saigon surrenders (1975)
  • WW2: Hitler commits suicide (1945)
  • US doubles in size through Louisiana Purchase (1803)
  • First presidential inauguration (1789)
  • US Department of the Navy forms (1798)
  • Louisiana admitted as 18th US state (1812)
  • Birth of Orville J. Nave, the U.S. Armed Services chaplain who compiled the Nave’s Topical Bible (1841)
  • Warner Sallman, famous artist who painted The Head of Christ, was born (1892)
  • Charles Dickens’ A Tale Of Two Cities is first published in weekly installments (1859)
  • Boston Pops Orchestra forms (1885)
  • US President Nixon announces the resignation of Haldeman, Ehrlichman (1973)
  • US President Richard Nixon hands over partial transcripts of Watergate tape recordings (1974)
  • The World Wide Web is born at CERN (1993)
  • First practical typewriter finished by Italian Pellegrini Turri (1808)
  • Henry VIII of England and Francis I of France signed the Treaty of Westminster, pledging to combine their forces against Holy Roman Emperor Charles V (1527)
  • Roman Emperor Honorius issued a decree denouncing Pelagianism which taught that humanity can take the initial and fundamental steps toward salvation by its own efforts apart from divine grace (418 AD)
  • First French colonists in North America, Jean Ribault & colonists, arrive in Florida (1562)

Renewing My Faith

by Carole Brown

Easter has come and gone once again. I ask myself the question: 

What did it accomplish for ME, in ME?

Here are some thoughts I have in renewing my own personal faith:

prayer free

 

  • Spend better time in prayer.  Life is busy. I always have too much to do, and many times I allow myself to get overwhelmed. I must remember that the most important is spending time with my God. If I permit other things and people to demand the time that belongs to the one who gives me hope and a reason for living, then I am denying myself the best!

 

heart free

  • Allow God to search my heart by studying his word. The more I know and learn of his words to us, the better I am prepared to deal with life in my world. 

 

Bible free

  • Study his word and spend time in prayer. I need to open my heart and ears to listen and hear his words particularly to me, and then to follow and obey. Only in that way will I show my devotion and love for him. 

follow2 free

  • Follow his guidance in dealing with others. I need to be more faithful in encouraging others, telling his word to those who question, and standing true in example and light to the world I live in. 

If I can be faithful in these few things, then I truly will be renewing and living out my faith.

How do you keep that spirit of renewal in your heart?

Guest Author June Foster Talks About 9 Things to Do when You’re Bored

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

June Foster’s is our guest author today.

I’m Bored by June Foster

I’m bored.

The message on the teenager’s shirt at Walmart glared at me. Why did it seem so offensive? I had to think a while then it dawned on me.

Life is a gift. When we’re young, we don’t realize how fleeting it really is. The Bible says we are like grass. We flourish like a flower of the field. Then the wind blows over it, and it is gone. Young or old. We don’t know when our last day will be. We don’t have time to be bored!

Boredom is telling God we don’t appreciate the day He made. He gave us today to enjoy. It’s a glorious opportunity, filled with chances to live for Him and do wondrous things.

Okay, then. Like what?

Maybe you live a mundane life with very little happening. Or you’re so consumed with “doing and going” that you don’t have time to think about or serve God. Maybe you believe you are only one person and can’t make a difference. Or your life is so routine, and nothing ever happens. Or your sphere of influence is limited. Or you don’t have any friends. Or you live in a small town with little opportunity. I could go on.

Don’t believe it. Instead of sitting around being bored, ask God how you can serve, how you can impact your community—rural or metropolitan, ghetto or suburban. You might be surprised what He’ll drop into your life.

Here are some suggestions.

  1. Become the best cookie maker you can and take the sweets to a women’s shelter or orphanage.
  2. Memorize twenty verses from the Bible and say each daily. Look for ways to incorporate those verses in your life.
  3. If a teen, do one thing every day to help your mother or father.
  4. Buy a pack of greeting cards from the dollar store and send out one a day to people who need encouragement.
  5. Go jogging in your neighborhood and pray for people you see or meet along the way.
  6. Form a literary group. Read and discuss a classic such as Pilgrim’s Progress.
  7. God has an infinite number of projects for you. Do something for the glory of His Kingdom instead of sitting around being bored.
  8. Oh yeah, one more thing. Turn off the TV.
  9. You don’t have time to be bored.

Misty Hallow

When two people are cultures apart, only God can bridge the gap.

Molly Cambridge arrives in the tiny Appalachian town of Misty Hollow intent upon bringing literacy to the area’s uneducated women, only to be met by opposition at every turn by the headstrong, unbending mayor. When she asks for use of Town Hall, he refuses her offer to teach without pay and turns her down flat saying he only allows village business conducted there.

Joel Greenfield, son is a poor dirt farmer, is illiterate. When he admits to his passion to turn the family farm into a dairy business, the obstacles are insurmountable. He couldn’t even read the manual on how to use farming machinery, much less generate the necessary capital. His father’s objections further frustrate his desires.

When Joel offers Molly use of the old barn on the Greenfield property, they discover an irresistible attraction for each other. But the mayor has plans of his own to break them up, send Molly back to Nashville, and seize the Greenfield farm for himself. Can Molly and Joel overcome the hurdles to fulfilling their dreams and find their way to each other? Only God has the answers.

An award-winning author, June Foster is a retired teacher with a BA in education and MA in counseling. June’s book Give Us This Day was a finalist in EPIC’s eBook awards and a finalist in the National Readers Choice Awards for best first book. Ryan’s Father was one of three finalists in the published contemporary fiction category of the Oregon Christian Writers Cascade Writing Contest and Awards. Deliver Us was a finalist in COTT’s Laurel Awards. June has written four novels for Desert Breeze Publishing. The Bellewood Series, Give Us This Day, As We Forgive, and Deliver Us, and Hometown Fourth of July. Ryan’s Father is published by WhiteFire Publishing. Red and the Wolf, a modern day retelling of Little Red Riding Hood, is available from Amazon.com. The Almond Tree series, For All Eternity, Echoes From the Past, What God Knew, and Almond Street Mission are available at Amazon.com. June enjoys writing stories about characters who overcome the circumstances in their lives by the power of God and His Word. Recently June has seen publication of Christmas at Raccoon Creek, Lavender Fields Inn, Misty Hollow, and Restoration of the Heart. Visit June at junefoster.com.

 

Review of Unfailing Love by Julie Lessman

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

Unfailing Love

Isle of Hope Series Book 1

by Julie Lessman

About the Book:

She stole his heart.
He stole her peace.
Can hope steal their pain?

At the age of eighteen, Lacey Carmichael was a wild girl bent on fun, promised to Jack O’Bryen, a straight-and-narrow pastor’s kid bent on the seminary. When her father kicks her out of the house, she runs away from Isle of Hope, turning her back on everything she loves. Now, eight years later, she’s back as a woman of faith, hoping to make amends to the father she defied, the boyfriend she deserted, and the best friend she denied. Only the bridges she’s burned are still smoldering, kindled by an adulterous affair by Jack’s pastor father that damaged his son’s faith. But can a turning of tables—and hearts—lead the way back to “hope” for them all?

My Review:  ♥  ♥  ♥  ♥  ♥

Julie Lessman doesn’t disappoint in this redemption story with a twist.

Lacey was a wild girl who left town and her straight and narrow boyfriend, Jack. He was studying to be a preacher, and she knew she would hurt his career choice, his reputation, and his relationship with God. She was in need of redemption but wasn’t ready to turn to God.

Fast forward a few years, and Lacey returns home with a broken heart and a new relationship with God. She has have redemption and is ready to mend fences. Now it is Jack who needs to get right with God. Between his pastor father’s infidelity and Lacey’s betrayal, he wants nothing to do with God. He is now in need of redemption, but he won’t find it unless he can let go of his anger and extend forgiveness to the woman he’s always loved.

I love how Lessman’s romance novels are never predictable. Her novels are full of passion and faith. At one point, I gasped at a plot twist I didn’t see coming. I highly recommend this novel.

Interviewing Multi-Published Author Lisa Lickel

by Tamera Lynn Kraft

Today, I’m interviewing Lisa Lickel. Lisa helped me a great deal with plot points and quilting info while I was writing Alice’s Notions. What was your favorite part of Alice’s Notions?

As a historian, I’m the nerdy one who adores and gets lost in research. I loved learning more about some of the things going on in the background of the government during the end of World War II and the start of the Cold War. Some of the facts we discovered about the setting, such as the DuPont factory, and how you worked so much pop culture into the events were thrilling. I suppose my favorite part of the story should be the quilts, but I really loved Alice and Rick’s adventures, getting themselves into and out of trouble.

You were a vast resource of information about quilting. Tell us a little about how you got started quilting and what you love about it.

Like you, I had a grandmother who was an inspiration to me. I would visit the farm while I was growing up, fascinated with the differences between city life and working farm life. She was a quilter, and showed me her methods. I have the first and last quilts she made. Piece in the summer and quilt in the winter was her wisdom. I love quilting because once I get the pieces planned and cut, I can sit and make squares while watching a movie or listening to the radio.

You are a multi-published author. Tell us a little about your newest book.

My newest book will be the upcoming release, Centrifugal Force, a sequel to Meander Scar, a romance about an older woman and younger man which won a Grace Award back in 2011. It took a long time for me to develop Centrifugal Force around an obituary I happened to see and cut out. I knew the man in the obituary was just like the main character in my story, but I wasn’t ready to write the story until about three years ago when my writer’s group helped me brainstorm. I spent a year on the manuscript with the help of the group and my crit partner. The story is about the main character from Meaner Scar, Ann Michel’s sister, Rachel. In Centrifugal Force, we learn how Rachel, the goody two-shoes, ended up raising a child as a single mom. When her daughter Maeve finally has her life together, superstar international academic Gervas Friedemann, Maeve’s father, shows up seeking a priceless artifact Rachel once took in revenge. It’s also the story of Gervas’s secret quest to find a cure for his oldest daughter’s genetic condition, which forces him to accept responsibility for a past he cannot change, but a future he’s desperate to save. Caveat: I wrote this book before Brexit. Centrifugal Force should release in September.

What are you working on now?

I’m working on a sandwich story from my Love Is novella, Everything About You. This short romance, Post Production, is the story of how Danny and Shelly decide to follow through on their whirlwind love on the movie set. Danny’s business is going up in flames while Shelly wonders if she can give up her Hollywood life for the country. We know how it ends from Everything About You, but the fun is following on the journey while these two love-struck kids face reality without the camera and the option of splicing and editing.

Thanks for stopping by, Lisa. I appreciated all your help with Alice’s Notions.

It was fun working on the story with you!

Lisa Lickel is a Wisconsin author who loves books, collects dragons, and writes inspiring fiction. She also writes short stories, feature articles, and radio theater, and loves to encourage new authors through mentoring, speaking, and leading workshops. Lisa is a member of Women Fiction Writers Association, the Council for Wisconsin Writers, the Chicago Writer’s Association, and vice president/instructor for Novel-In-Progress Bookcamp and Writing Retreat, Inc. She is an avid book reviewer and blogger, and a freelance editor. Find more at ww.LisaLickel.com. Readers can find a current list of available books on her website, Goodreads, and her Amazon Author page.

 

Bio pic included

Cover to Meander Scar included

Amazon link to Meander Scar: https://www.amazon.com/Meander-Scar-Lisa-J-Lickel-ebook/dp/B0037Z6YM8

This Week in History 4/17-4/23

HistoryThis Week in History

April 17:

  • Apollo 13 arrives safely on Earth after oxygen tank explosion (1970)
  • US Civil War: Virginia secedes from the Union (1861)
  • 11,745 immigrants arrive at Ellis Island in New York (1897)
  • The Bay of Pigs invasion begins (1961)
  • Charles Henry Parkhurst, preacher who challenged Tammany Hall in New York City where police and organized crime were in cahoots, was born (1842)
  • Sirhan Sirhan is convicted of assassinating US Senator Robert F. Kennedy (1969)
  • Ford Mustang formally introduced (1964)
  • WW2: The Kingdom of Yugoslavia surrenders to Germany (1941)
  • Christopher Columbus signs contract with Spain to find Indies (1492)
  • Russia abandons all North American claims south of 54° 40’N (1824)
  • Geoffrey Chaucer tells the “Canterbury Tales” for the first time at the court of English King Richard II (1397)
  • Bayonne Decree by Napoleon I of France orders seizure of US ships (1808)
  • First US school for deaf in Hartford, Connecticut (1817)
  • Metro Pictures, Goldwyn Pictures & Louis B Mayer Co merged to form Metro Goldwyn Mayer – MGM (1924)
  • Canada adopts its constitution (1982)

April 18:

  • US Revolutionary War: Paul Revere and William Dawes warn of British attack in what is now known as “The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere” (1775)
  • Us Revolutionary War: Fighting ceases in the American Revolution, eight years to the day since it began (1783)
  • Thousands of Chinese students continue to take to the streets in Beijing to protest against the government (1989)
  • US Civil War: Colonel Robert E. Lee turns down offer to command Union armies (1861)
  • WW2: James Doolittle bombs Tokyo & other Japanese cities (1942)
  • Great San Francisco Earthquake (1906)
  • Martin Luther would not recant his thesis at the Diet of Worms (1521)
  • Grace Kelly marries Prince Rainier of Monaco (1956)
  • WW2: Pulitzer Prize-winning war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed by Japanese machine-gun fire (1945)
  • WW1: US Secretary of State Warns Germany that the USA may break diplomatic relations unless torpedo attacks on unarmed ships stop (1916)
  • WW2: “Stars & Stripes” paper for US armed forces debuts (1941)
  • A United States federal court rules that poet Ezra Pound is to be released from an insane asylum (1958)
  • Supreme Court rules states could make it a crime to possess or look at child pornography, even in one’s home (1990)
  • Mount Everest sees its deadliest day when 16 Nepali mountaineering guides are killed in an avalanche (2014)
  • The cornerstone of the current St. Peter’s Basilica in the Vatican, is laid (1506)
  • First crossword puzzle book published (1924)

April 19:

  • American Revolutionary War: Revolution begins with the Battle of Lexington, the shot heard around the world (1775)
  • American Revolutionary War: New England militiamen begin the siege of Boston, hemming in the British army garrison (1775)
  • Oklahoma City bombing – a truck bomb at Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building kills 168 & injures 500 (1995)
  • First Boston Marathon (1897)
  • American Revolutionary War: John Adams secures Dutch Republic’s recognition of the United States as an independent government, and the Netherlands became first American embassy (1782)
  • American Revolutionary War: Paul Revere is captured by the British (1775)
  • Sally Ride announced as first woman astronaut (1982)
  • US Civil War: Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports (1861)
  • Reformers were first called Protestants (1529)
  • Supreme Court outlaws excluding people from juries because of gender (1994)
  • Connecticut finally approves Bill of Rights, 148 years late (1939)
  • British explorer Captain James Cook first sights Australia (1770)
  • Shirley Temple appears in her first movie, Stand Up & Cheer (1934)
  • General Douglas MacArthur ends his military career (1951)
  • Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba’s central committee after 45 years of holding the title (2011)

April 20:

  • At Columbine High School, two teenage gunman target Christian, killing 15 and wounding 23 (1999)
  • WW2: Germans Nazi troops massacred the Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto (1943)
  • First known performance of Shakespeare’s tragedy Macbeth at the Globe Theatre (1611)
  • Birth of David Brainerd, missionary to the Stockbridge, Delaware and Susquehanna Indians (1718)
  • Klu Klx Klan Act authorizes President Grant to declare martial law, impose heavy penalties against terrorist organizations, and use military force to suppress the Ku Klux Klan (1871)
  • The Deepwater Horizon drilling rig explodes, killing 11 and causing the rig to sink, causing a massive oil discharge into the Gulf of Mexico and an environmental diaster (2010)
  • WW2: Adolf Hitler is born (1889)
  • Marie & Pierre Curie isolate the radioactive element radium chloride (1902)
  • The first pasteurization test is completed by Frenchmen Louis Pasteur and Claude Bernard (1862)
  • WW1: Manfred Von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day (1918)
  • First detective story, Edgar Allen Poe’s Murders in Rue Morgue, published (1841)
  • US Revolutionary War: New York adopts new constitution as an independent state (1777)
  • Territory of Wisconsin created (1836)
  • Pope Gregory IX who instituted the Inquisition (1233)
  • Balfour Declaration recognized, makes Palestine a British Mandate (1920)
  • First check sent by radio facsimile transmission across Atlantic (1926)
  • Pope Eugenius IV issued the bull which asserted the superiority of the pope over the Councils (1441)
  • 136,000 mine workers strike in Ohio for pay increase (1894)

April 21:

  • Traditional date Christ was crucified (33 AD)
  • Thousands of Chinese crowd into Beijing’s Tiananmen Square cheering students demanding greater political and religious freedom (1989)
  • D.L. Moody was converted to Christianity (1855)
  • William Bradford become governor of Plymouth, Massachusetts (1621)
  • Birth of A. W. Tozer, Bible scholar and author of The Pursuit of God and The Root of Righteousness (1897)
  • Rome was founded by Remus and Romulus (753 B.C.)
  • John Adams sworn in as first US Vice President, 9 days before Washington (1789)
  • Spanish-American War: The U.S. Congress, on April 25, recognizes that a state of war exists between the United States and Spain as of this date (1898)
  • WW1: German fighter ace Baron Manfred Von Richthofen “The Red Baron”, shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France (1918)
  • Fire at Ohio State Penitentiary kills 322 (1930)
  • FBI arrested Timothy McVeigh & charge him with Oklahoma City bombing (1995)
  • The Toleration Act was passed by the Maryland Assembly which protected Roman Catholics within the American colony against Protestant harassment (1649)
  • William III & Mary Stuart proclaimed King & Queen, duel monarchs, of England (1689)
  • Death of St. Anselm, Bible scholar, Christian philosopher, and apologist (1109)
  • The first discoveries of extrasolar planets are announced by astronomer Alexander Wolszczan (1994)
  • John Adams sworn in as first US Vice President nine days before Washington (1789)
  • Abraham Lincoln’s funeral train leaves Washington (1865)
  • Mark Twain died (1910)
  • First Lady Lucy Hayes begins egg rolling contest on White House lawn (1878)
  • Elvis Presley’s 1st hit record, “Heartbreak Hotel”, becomes #1 (1956)

April 22:

  • Oklahoma land rush begins (1889)
  • “In God We Trust” first appears on US currency (1864)
  • WW1: First military use of poison gas, chlorine by Germany (1915)
  • US President Washington attends opening of Rickett’s, first circus in US (1793)
  • Spanish American War: US President McKinley orders blockade of Cuban harbors (1898)
  • More than $3.3 million is stolen from the First National Bank of Arizona in Tucson in the then largest US bank robbery in history (1981)
  • Spanish American War: Congress passes Volunteer Army Act calling for a Volunteer Cavalry (1898)
  • Pedro Alvarez Cabral discovers Brazil & claims it for Portugal (1500)
  • Holocaust Memorial Museum dedicated in Washington D.C. (1993)
  • 243 people are injured in pro-democracy protest in Nepal after Nepali security forces open fire on protesters against King Gyanendra (2006)
  • US President Richard Nixon dies (1994)

April 23:

  • Traditional date Christ rose from the dead on the first Easter (33 AD)
  • William Shakespeare dies (1616)
  • Democratic convention in Charleston SC divided over slavery (1860)
  • US Civil War: Robert E. Lee named commander of Virginia Confederate forces (1861)
  • King Brian Boru of Ireland defeats Viking forces at Battle of Clontarf, freeing Ireland from foreign control (1014)
  • Bishop Adalbert, first missionary to the Prussians, was murdered (997 AD)
  • AIDS-virus identified as HTLV-III (1984)
  • United Methodist Church forms (1968)